1- According to contemporary astronomers, what is the
chronological evolution of the universe from its moment of
inception at the Big Bang to the formation of the Earth?
- There was a large explosion that set all matter of universe flying
1. Speculate about some of the possible consequences that a great and prolonged increase in explosive
volcanic activity might have on each of the Earths four spheres.
The earths sphere is so important to us humans. When a volcano explodes it
The Cascades affects the plant and animal life that inhabit in the biosphere region. The
type of weather present in this area comes from the west side. It is the weather that lacks water
for it comes off the water. T
1. The hydrologic cycle is the primary movement of water through Earths different
spheres (Tarbuck, Earth Science, 132). It is an unending circulation between the
hydrosphere, the atmosphere, the geosphere, and the bi
1. There are two main types of seismic waves. One of these is called surface waves and
these travel in the rock layers just below Earths surface (Tarbuck, Earth Science, 251).
The other type travel through Earths inte
1. They would not have the same destruction. The differences in the damages are often
caused by the type of ground that structures are built on. Soft sediments amplify
vibrations more than solid bedrock (Tarbuck, Eart
1. Earth has four main spheres. They are the geosphere which consists of the core, mantle
and crust; the atmosphere, that contains all of the Earths air which is divided into
troposphere, stratosphere, mesosphere, the
1. Glaciers deserts and wind are all in the same chapter because they are all part of the
erosional processes. This chapter examines land and the geological work of wind of them.
It also looks at the different landfor
The Paleozoic era came right before the Mesozoic era. It had 6 different periods. At
the beginning the continents were combined in a supercontinent called Pannotia.
However, during this era they began to split up
1. I would like to know about the history of all of the uplifts in the area. I think it is also
crucial to have extensive geological and geophysical data about the subsurface of the
county I am studying. This can bri
ESC 1000 :Chapter 6 Outline
Professor Xenia V. Conquy, M.S.
I. Glaciers: a part of two basic cycles in the
A. Glaciers are a part of both the hydrologic
cycle and rock cycle
B. Glaciera thick mass of ice that forms
over land from the compacti
Chapter 4 Research Assignment
1. The level of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere has been increasing for more than a century.
Should this increase tend to accelerate or slow down the rate of chemical weathering of the
Earths surface? Explain how you arrived
1. According to contemporary astronomers, what is the chronological evolution of the
universe from its moment of inception at the Big Bang to the formation of the Earth?
Many once believed that the universe had no beginning or end
Chapter 3 Research Assignment
1. Of the two main sources of energy that drive the rock cycle - Earths internal heat and solar
radiation which is primarily responsible for each of the three types of rocks found on and
within Earth? Explain your reasoning.
The three basic rocks are:
Igneous rock- rocks that are crystalline solids which form directly from cooling of magma, and
are given names based upon two things; what they are made of (composition) and how big the
crystal are (texture).
1. Name the specific Earth science described by each of the following
A. Oceanography: the branch of science dealing with physical and biological
aspects of the oceans.
B. Geology means, literally, the study of the Earth
C. Meteorology- is the
Chapter 4 - Research
Weathering and Soil Formation
Provide 3 short paragraphs, of about 80
words each, where in your own words you
will make a statement about the following
1. The level of carbon dioxide in the
Detection of Earth's internal structure through Seismology:
Waves normally radiate outward in straight lines. However when their speed
changes, they also change direction in a phenomenon called refraction. If the
change of speed is gradual, the change o
1. Summarize the processes by which water changes from one state of matter to
another. Indicate whether heat is absorbed or liberated in each case.
A. Water changes from one state of matter through changes in heat energy.
When water changes its state, hea
Earthquake: a shaking of the ground caused by a sudden release of energy
somewhere within the earth's crust. The location at which the energy is
released is called the focus. The point immediately above it on the surface is
called the epicen
Wegener and Continental Drift
In 1915 Alfred Wegener put forward the theory of continental drift based on
the following arguments:
1. The two sides of the Atlantic Ocean seemed to fit together like pieces of a
jigsaw puzzle, particularly
Earth Science Review Test 5
1) What is Earth Science?
The study of earth and universe.
The study of the earth and its neighbors in space.
2) What is astronomy?
Is the science in which we study the entire universe as our subject.
Astronomy is the study of
Summary Test 2
Atom is the smallest particle that retains chemical properties of a given element.
An atom consists of a
Weathering: Disintegration and decomposition of rocks and minerals at earths surface.
Mass Wasting: Downslope movement of rock, regolith, and soil under the direct action of gravity.
Erosion: Deposition and transportation of weathered rock and soil by wat
Review sheet Exam 3 Earth Science
1) Who sized first earth`s size?
2) What is the circumference of earth?
40,000 Km 40,000,000m 25,000 miles and 250,000 stadia
3) What the mass of earth?
5.974 x10 24 Kg or rounded 6.0 x 10 24
4) Radius of ear
1.1-Salinity is the saltiness or dissolved salt content of a
body of water
1.2-While the average salinity of ocean water is 35 ppt.
2.1-Thermocline: Where temperature decreases rapidly.
Most pronounced in tropics due to intense Sun.
Big Bang Theory is the leading
explanation about how the universe began. At its
simplest, it talks about the universe as we know it
starting with a small singularity, then inflating over
the next 13.8 billion years to the cosmos that we
1.1-Continuous: Light like the rainbow.
1.2-Absorption: Dark lines on a continuous
1.3-Emission: Mostly dark, no continuity.
3.1-Core: The Sun's nuclear "furnace," where
fusion reactions initially combine hydrogen atoms
1-The Lunar Maria are lower in altitude than the
4.1-Both Earth and Mars are terrestrial planets,
made up of rock and metal. The rotational axis is
inclined to the ecliptic, like Earth.
4.2-Mars is very, very dry, yet 97% of
211-Earth is motionless at the center of the universe. The stars are attached to
a CELESTIAL sphere that rotates daily around the Earth. There are 7
objects that move in front of the Celestial sphere.
2-Ptolemy. In sum, from a geocentric perspective, retr