WHAT IS PHILOSOPHY?
On the nature and the necessity of Philosophy
Philosophy may be defined in terms of its several features: it is an area, an attitude, a method, an
application and a system.
1. Area: foundation and goal. Philosophy deals with the most b
THE PRINCIPLE OF CLARITY
The principle of clarity states that:
i. Some things are clear.
ii. The basic things are clear.
iii. The basic things about God and man and good and evil are clear to reason.
The principle of clarity (pc) is one aspect of common g
SOURCES OF SKEPTICISM
Skepticism (intellectual despair) is rooted in our uncritically held assumptions.
It involves the use of irrelevant appeals as a substitute for the use of reason and logical argument. For example, ad hominem; st
Some thoughts on non-cognitivism (nc):
i) nc is a claim about knowledge by reason as not possible or necessary or relevant. It is indistinguishable from skepticism and
fideism which share the assumption that nothing is clear.
ii) nc uttera
APPEAL TO FEAR: Use of threat to persuade to action. It succeeds where one fears losing a secondary good over a primary good. Used against Socrates, unsuccessfully.
APPEAL TO PITY: Abuse of the listener's disposition to compassion. It s
point of communications between artists and recipient
artist specific emotion about a specific thing
the viewer interacts with work and then comes to have the same exact emotion
as artist then you have a work of art
1. viewer has to have
Paper #2: Death
Thomas Nagels conclusion in Death is evil because it is a deprivation of goods in life or
it can be a mere blank because there is no subject left to experience the loss. Nagel discuses that
that theres no value negative or positive