Aristotle, Nicomachean Ethics and Politics
Aristotle on the aim of ethical inquiry: it is practice, which Aristotle distinguishes from either having good
intentions, or merely good results.
Since, then, the present inquiry does not aim at theoretical kno
Response Paper Topics: Aristotle
Please choose ONE of the following topics and write a response paper of approximately 2
double-spaced pages in length. The paper will be graded on a +, , basis. The grade
you receive will be factored into your class partic
MR22: JUSTICE Final Exam Study Guide
Hannah-Sarah Faich: email@example.com
Bentham, Principles of Morals and Legistlation
Chapter I. Of the Principle of Utility
- Mankind is governed by sovereign masters, pain and pleasure
- Principle o
Philosophical Argumentation Handout
First of all, don't be discouraged about your first papers. Plato and Aristotle thought that there was a difference
between philosophical souls and ordinary people. And they're completely wrong. Philosophical
Aristotle Reading Questions
1. How does Aristotles account of ethics differ from Kants? Consider Nicomachean
Ethics, Bk. II, Ch. 2 (p. 296 in the reader).
2. How does Aristotles account of happiness differ from that of a hedonist or a
Reading Questions on Lockes Second Treatise of Government
1. What does Locke mean by property? Is he referring only to material objects that
we own? (Hint: See Paragraph 124).
2. How does one acquire material property, according to Locke? Do you find this
Review: Our thinkers discussed along the following lines of inquiry
1. What approach to ethical reasoning does this thinker take?
2. What is justice?
3. What is the self that seeks this justice?
4. What type of government is consistent with this self?
1st Section Summary
September 14, 2010
Utilitarianism from course readings and as Discussed in Section
This week in lecture and section we discussed the philosophical arguments and practical
application of utilitarianism, focusing on readings by Jeremy Be
Justice Section Review
Utilitarianism, a broad concept that when distilled to its root core seeks to maximize the
greatest happiness for the greatest number. When conceived of as a philosophy designed to serve
as the cultural adhesive of a
Week 3 Justice Libertarianism
In response to the flaws of utilitarianism, we began to examine libertarian theories of
rights, which are based on the concept of a fundamental right to liberty. Specifically,
libertarianism states that individual rights are
A STUDY GUIDE FOR
MORAL REASONING 22: JUSTICE
Camilo Becdach, Jeff E. Biddle Jr., Rachel Flynn, Drew
Heckathorn, Richard Hsu, Josh Kipnees, Kalaya Kokereke,
Kendall Kulper, Tim Lee, Ben Milde
Excerpts from Lockes Second Treatise of Government
From CHAP. XII: Of the Legislative, Executive, and Federative Power of the
Sec. 143. because it may be too great a temptation to human frailty, apt to grasp at
power, for the same persons,
Response Paper Topics: Kant
Please choose ONE of the following topics and write a response paper of 12 double-spaced
pages in length. The paper will be graded on a +, , basis. The grade you receive will
be factored into your class participation grade for
-Labor theory of value: its mine if I mix my labor with it; restrictions are well enough, and as good.
-All of this relies on a sort of self-ownership + God has property in me = using myself reasonably
-This doesnt disagree with Locke.
Excerpts from Robert Nozick, Anarchy, State, and Utopia
[W]hy may not one violate persons for the greater social good? Individually, we each
sometimes choose to undergo some pain or sacrifice for a greater benefit or to avoid a greater
harm: we go to the
In the case of bombing ones own town
September 21, 2010 | ETH-REAS 22 Section Notes
- Greatest Happiness Principle (GHP): utility calculus determines greatest net happiness
- Poetry is just as good as pushpins: no distinction between pleasures; only duration a
Rawls rejects utilitarianism:
Original position: in original position, Rawls thinks that we will pick the just regime fr
Ethical Reasoning 22: Justice
Week 4 Summary -Locke: Property Rights
Libertarians do not fully address the following questions: how do property rights arise,
what about democratic consent, and do we own ourselves? Locke has answers to all those