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Biological Foundations of Behavior
1. Regarding neurons, which of the following is FALSE?
a. Each is a single nerve cell
Psychology 101: Introduction to Psychology
Chapter 12: Practice Questions
1. All but which of the following mental health professionals are psychotherapists?
A) Cheryl, who works from the psychoanalytic perspective
B) Tim, who is a couples therapist using
Intelligence: the ability to learn from ones expirences, acquire knowledge, and use
resources effecrively when faced with problems or challenges.
Theories of Intelligence:
o Gardner (8 Different types of intelligence)
Chapter 3 Infancy
o A babys brain triples its weight and will reach more than 75% (or ) of adult size
and weight by the age of 2
Table 3-3 Some basic reflexes in infants
Rutting moving moro
Figure 3-8 Milestones of motor d
Germinal period- 1st 2 weeks after conception, during which the zygote moves from the
fallopian tube to the uterus, where implants and develops.
o Formation of Placentia, umbilical cord and stem cells
Embryonic period- the period from
Teenage years which represent the peak of sexual and cognitive development and the
transition period from childhood to adulthood.
o Puberty: physical changes that occur in the body during the peak of sexual
o Primary sex
Chapter 5 Middle Childhood
Cognitive Development (Piaget)
Concrete Operations (Age7-12): child becomes capable of logical thinking, but is not yet
capable of abstract/subjective thought.
o Conservation: ability to understand that simply changing the appe
Chapter 8 Middle Adulthood
Sexuality in Middle Adulthood
In middle adulthood- testosterone, estrogen, and progesterone levels begin to decline.
o Climacteric: physical and hormonal changes in the reproductive system (fertility
Psychology 118 Discovering the Life Span
Lifespan Development: growth, change and stability in behavior throughout a
* Areas of Lifespan Development:
Physical (brain, nervous system, muscles, etc.)
Cognitive (Learning, Memory, int
Psychology Lecture Notes Monday September 26, 2016
Chapter 3 The Preschool Years
- split-brain studies of humans with a severed corpus callosum (early treatment for epilepsy)
-Left hemisphere: controls right side of body, right visual
Chapter 9: Late Adulthood
Males: 75 years
Females: 80 years
Late Adulthood & Aging
Primary aging: universal and irreversible changes due to genetic programming as people
Secondary aging: physical and cognitive change
Wednesday September 28, 2016
Categories of play:
- Functional: simple, repetitive activities typical of 3 year olds
- Constructive: more sophisticated manipulation of objects to build or create
Social forms of play:
Chapter 2: the start of Life
- Mendal: Studied Dichomous traits in pea plants by cross-breeding white and brown
Dominant: traits that are expressed when passed down or inherited from at least one
Recessive: traits that are expressed only w
Source of Stress
Stressors: events that cause a stress reaction, which motivate the person to adapt or
Stress can be caused by:
o Pressure (from others or self)
o Conflict (physical or emotion)
o Frustration (internal and external)
Parkinsons disease: progressive, degenerative disease characterized by uncontrollable shaking
and tremors, rigidity, facial paralysis, and lack of control over body movements.
Psychosocial Development (Erikson)
Integrity vs. Despair: (60s and bey
Physical changes that occur in the body
during the peak of sexual development
Primary sex characteristics
Growth and functionality of sex organisms
Secondary sex characteristics
breast development, body hair, vocal/
hormonal changes, growth spurts
(1) Age-graded: Biological and
environmental influences are similar for
individuals at certain age groups. e.g. One
reaches puberty @ same time.
(2) History-graded: biological and
environmental influences associated with
CHAPTER 5: LEARNING
1. Define Learning
a. any relatively permanent change in behavior brought about by experience or
b. What does relatively permanent mean within the definition of learning?
When people learn anything, some part of their brain
1. History of Treatment of Mentally Ill
a. What century marks the first effort treat mental illness in a hospital setting?
Mentally ill people began to be confined to institutions called asylums in
b. Who started t
The Biological Perspective
a. Define Personality
the unique and relatively stable ways in which people think, feel, and
b. How is it different than Character?
value judgments made about a person
1. How is Sociology different than Social Psychology?
a. Social psychology looks at behavior and mental processes but also includes the
social world in which we exist, as we are surrounded by others to whom we are
Stress and Health
1. Define Stress
a. physical, emotional, cognitive, and behavioral responses to events that are
appraised as threatening or challenging
2. What is the difference between Stress and Stressors?
i. events that cause
Motivation and Emotion
1. Define Motivation
a. the process by which activities are started, directed, and continued so that
physical or psychological needs or wants are met
2. What is the difference between Intrinsic Motivation and Extrinsic Mot
1. Define Psychopathology
a. the study of abnormal behavior
2. Psychological disorders
a. any pattern of behavior that causes people significant distress, causes them to
harm others, or harms their ability to function in daily life
CHAPTER 2 NOTE TAKING GUIDE
1. Structure and Function of an individual NEURON: Name all the parts of a neuron
and their FUNCTION. What is each parts job? list them using a, b, c, etc.
i. branch-like structures that receive messages from other
Chapter 4 Notes: States of Consciousness
(Sleep, Dreams, Hypnosis, & Drugs)
a. a persons awareness of everything that is going on around him or her at any
2. What is the difference between Waking Consciousness vs. Altered Sta
CH 1: Psychology
a. What is the official Definition of Psychology?
The official definition of Psychology is the study of behavior and mental
b. Explain why TWO areas of study are included.
The two areas of study (behavior and
Our Business Structure
We are quite aware that the success of any business lies in the foundation on which the
business is built on, which is why we have decided to build our car rental services company
on the right business foundation.
As a matter of fa
1. Which of the following statements is TRUE about brain development? Extensive brain
development continues after birth, through infancy and later.
2. Amira is concerned about putting her baby on his stomach to sleep because of the risk that he
Psyc 118: Test #2 Ch. 9-12
Chapter 9 Quiz: 100% correct
1. For the majority of teens, adolescence is marked by: a healthy self-image.
2. A girls first menstruation is called: menrache
3. Which of the following statements about the timing and variations in