Module 3: Contouring
3.1 Construction of contour maps
Contour maps are map representations of some physical variable (e.g., elevation, gravity,
gold concentration), where spatial variations of the variable are shown by CONTOUR
LINES along which the parame
Module 10: Folds
Both folds and faults (topic of Module 11) develop because of oriented stress applied to a
rock body. Deformation is the response of rocks to differential stress and is mainly
controlled by temperature and confining press
Module 5: Outcrop patterns and Cross-sections
5.1 Outcrop Width and Thickness of Beds
In many areas, bedrock cannot be seen because it is buried under thick soil or loose deposits of
modern or recently active rivers, deltas, glaciers (including tills depo
This exam consists of 50 multiple-choice answer questions.
Answer all 50 questions. For each question select the ONE best answer, except
for those questions which ask you to select all the options that apply.
Questions 1-35 are individu
Assignment Report: Landslide Hazard Assessment
Part 1: Landslide Hazard Assessment Version 3
You must evaluate the five proposed construction sites. In the first column of the table below, categorize
each site. "Stable" means that the site has little risk
Assignment Report: Shoreline Property Assessment
Part 1: Shoreline
Property Assessment Version 3
Please delete the inappropriate option.
Note: To delete the inappropriate option, select the option you want to remove and press delete
on your keyboard.
Assignment Report: Flood Insurance Rate Maps Version 3
Please delete the inappropriate options.
Note: To delete the inappropriate options, select the options you want to remove and press
delete on your keyboard.
within the 50
Module 11: Fractures Joints and Faults
11. 1 Fracture types
Rocks fracture when cohesion is lost.
A joint is a fracture where there is negligible slip.
A fault is a fracture where there is observable and significant slip.
Module 2: Age Determinations and Geologic Time
2.1 Geologic time
to understand the concept of time.
to distinguish between relative and absolute dating.
to understand relative dating techniques.
to understand absolute dating techniques.
Module 1: Introduction to Maps
This course is designed to provide a practical background in the interpretation
and preparation of geologic maps and cross sections.
The Earth is a three-dimensional body, and the rocks that we study also
Module 6 Solutions
Ra rue D
te 1 ip
A (40 m)
depth bore hole
B (30 m)
Apparent Dip Direction
Rate 1 in 20 Bearing 270
Depth in Colliery Shaft
Module 4: Orientation of Lines and Planes
4.1 Linear features
Glacial striations are linear scratches made in rock by
debris in the base of a glacier or ice sheet that moves
over the rock surface. Their direction constrains ice
Module 9: More cross-sections some complexities
9.1 Cross-section construction
Recall from Module 5 that construction of cross-sections involves using topographic elevation
contours and strike lines (or structure contours) to reveal the subsurface geology
Module 8: Correlation and Stratigraphy
Recall - Stratigraphy is the study of rock strata with a view to arranging them in the relative
order in which they were deposited, and correlating them where they occur in laterally
Module 7: Stratigraphy, Transgression and
to understand the nature of vertical and lateral stratigraphic relationships.
to understand the concept of sedimentary facies.
to understand rock units, time units and time-stratigraphi
Depth below surface
All the cross-sections below are correct. However, the lowest section is the most diffi
plateau@ 500 m
Module 10, Exercise 1:
see notes for full
Module 10, Exercise 2 - Solution
0 m elevation
BIOLOGY ALT A
THE KENYA NATIONAL EXAMINATION COUNCIL
Kenya Certificate of Secondary Education
Instructions to candidates
Write name a