PHIL 321 Paper
Use clear, simple prose. When you use a word, make sure you know what it means.
Your paper must be argumentative. It must make a claim that is, in itself, non-obvious and provide an argument for that claim. You m
Lecture 1: Overview
The Central Task of the Historian of Philosophy
Determine what view the historical gure is presenting
Determine what reasons the historical gure oers to commend that view
Determine why those
Lectures 2 & 3: Pre-Philosophical Greek Worldview
Transmission of Texts
Pre-Philosophical Greek Worldview
Main Sources: Homer (Iliad, Odyssey), Hesiod (eogony, Works and Days); also playwrights (e.g.
Lecture 4: Platos Euthyphro
Plato: Life and Works
Basic Structure of Euthyphro
2a4a: Socrates encounters Euthyphro, who is about to prosecute his (Es) father for murder
4a5d: S claims that only someone with expertise about piety, cruc
Lecture 5: Platos Apology
Wrap-up from Euthyphro
Ss question: Is the pious loved by the gods because its pious? Or is it pious because its loved? (10a), is
about the order of explanation, priority, or fundamentality of the relevant phen
Lecture 6: Platos Protagoras (348c-end)
Protagoras (a well-known sophist) claims to teach his students sound deliberation (euboulia), which Socrates
equates with the art of citizenship (politik techn) and virtue (aret)
Lecture 7: Platos Meno (up to 86c)
Clearing up a mistake from last lecture
Hedonism: Any view that holds pleasure to be good (versions dier in holding pleasure to be a good, the
good, and so on) (so, hedonism is a theory of what is of v
Lecture 8: Platos Meno continued
 e slave is said to have no geometrical knowledge before the discussion (85e)
 S claims that he has not taught the slave anything during their discussion
S is probably worki
Lecture 10: Platos Republic, Books III and IV
Context of the tri-partition argument
e city has three kinds or classes of people in it: workers (money-lovers), guardians (honor-lovers), and
rulers (wisdom-lovers). ey have the distinct fu
Les articles (p13)
You know two types of articles : the indefinite articles and the definite ones. Articles are used
to designate a noun and indicate its gender and its number.
Les articles indfinis (indefinite articles) un homme
une femme des enfants
Information questions (p90)
To form an information question, you use either the expression est-ce que or the
inversion preceded by an interrogative word : o (where), quand (when), comment (how),
pourquoi (why), combien de (how much/how many)
O est-ce que
Les Yes / No questions (p89)
There are 2 types of questions : Yes/No questions and information questions.
The only possible reply to a Yes/No question is Yes or No.
There are multiple ways to ask a Yes / No question : using the intonation of the voice, us
Les verbes irrguliers (irregular verbs)
le verbe tre (to be) (p26)
Camille est une journaliste franaise.
When tre is the main verb, it can also be followed by an adject
Le sujet et le verbe
Les pronoms personnels sujets (subject pronouns) (p25)
A pronoun is a small word that replaces a noun. It can be the subject of the verb.
vous (formel / groupe)
Les adjectifs possessifs (possessive adjectives)
They agree in gender and number with the noun they modify :
Mon pre : pre is a ma
Les adjectifs descriptifs (descriptive adjectives) (p42 + p50)
They agree in gender and number with the noun they describe. For instance, an adjective
describing a feminine singular noun is also feminine and singular.
Ma famille habite dans une grande ma