ARTICLE I. THE NATIONAL TERRITORY
Section 1. The national territory comprises of the
Validity of RA 9255
(New baselines law of
Happenings and Events
1982 Convention on the
ARTICLE 8. THE JUDICIAL DEPARTMENT
Section 1. The judicial process shall be vested in one SC and is such lower courts as may be established by law.
Judicial power includes the duty of the courts of justice to settle actual controversies involving rights
Sections 2-4 Senate of the Philippines
Section 2. The senate shall be composed of 24 senators who shall be elected at large by the qualified
voters of the Philippines, as may be provided by law.
Composition and Election of Senate
Why the number 24?
ARTICLE 6. THE LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT
Section 1. The legislative power shall be vested in the congress of the Philippines which shall consist of a Senate and
a House of Representatives, except to the extent reserved to the people by the provision on ini
ARTICLE 7. THE EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENT
Section 1. The executive power shall be vested in the President of the Philippines.
Presidency still a potent institution
Election by the people at large is the primary source of his po
Section 5. (1) The House of Representatives shall be composed of not more than 250 members, unless
otherwise fixed by law, who shall be elected from legislative districts apportioned among the provinces,
cities, and the Metropolitan Manila area in accorda
Section 11. A Senator or Member of the House of Representatives shall, in all offenses punishable by
not more than 6 years imprisonment, be privileged from arrest while the Congress is in session. No
member shall be questioned nor be held liable in any ot
Section 8. Unless otherwise provided by law, the regular election of the Senators and Members of
the House of Representatives shall be held on the second Monday of May.
Section 9. In case of vacancy in the Senate or in the House of Representatives, a spec
ARTICLE II. DECLARATION OF PRINCIPLES AND STATE POLICIES
Section 1. The Philippines is a democratic and republican state. Sovereignty resides in the people and all government authority emanates from them.
Why focus on the 1987 Constitution when studying the Philippine legislature?
Because it is the source of power, it sets the scope and limitations of the power of the legislative
branch of the Philippines
The Constitution is the highest law of the land.