History[edit]
Main article: History of anatomy
Ancient[edit]
Image of early rendition of anatomy findings
Ancient Greek anatomy and physiology underwent great changes and advances throughout the
early medieval world. Over time, this medical practice expan
Reptile anatomy[edit]
Main article: Reptile anatomy
Skeleton of a diamondback rattlesnake
Reptiles are a class of animals comprising turtles, tuataras, lizards, snakes and crocodiles. They
are tetrapods, but the snakes and a few species of lizard either h
Muscle tissue[edit]
Cross section through skeletal muscle and a small nerve at high magnification (H&E stain)
Muscle cells (myocytes) form the active contractile tissue of the body. Muscle tissue functions to
produce force and cause motion, either locomot
Human anatomy[edit]
Further information: Human body Human anatomy, and Outline of human anatomy
Modern anatomic technique showing sagittal sections of the head as seen by a MRI scan
In the human, the development of skilled hand movements and increased bra
Animal tissues[edit]
Stylized cutaway diagram of an animal cell (with flagella)
The kingdom Animalia or metazoa, contains multicellular organisms that
are heterotrophic and motile (although some have secondarily adopted a sessile lifestyle). Most
animals
Anatomy
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
For the anatomy of plants, see Plant anatomy. For other uses, see Anatomy (disambiguation).
One of the large, detailed illustrations in Andreas Vesalius's De humani corporis fabrica 16th century, marking
the r
ECON 100.2
CHAPTER 17: OLIGOPOLY
Oligopoly
A market structure in which only a few sellers
offer similar or identical products
Game theory
o The study of how people behave in strategic
situations
o Useful for understanding situations in which
a small numbe
CHAPTER 7
Sampling Distribution
7.1 Basic Concepts
Random Sample ( , , , ) is the sample obtained using a probability sampling method.
Sample from a finite population is a sample whose elements are distinct and are not selected
independently. e.g. Sample
PRINCIPLES OF
MICROECONOMICS
Professor Karen Leppel
Widener University
P
D
S
Q
Resource
Utilization
Economics:
The study of the allocation
of scarce resources.
The Economic Problem:
How do we use scarce resources to best
satisfy unlimited human wants?
To
PROBLEM SET # 1
Part I Identify each of the following as a statement or not a statement.
a. The house is red.
b. Joan is not at home.
c. n+3 = 7 d. 6+2 = 7
Part II Give the negation for each of the following statements.
a. I like school
b. No one is happy
KENDALL RANK-ORDER CORRELATION COEFFICIENT Txy
The Kendall rank-order correlation coefficient T xy is suitable as a measure of
rs
correlation with the same sort of data for which
is useful. That is, if at
least ordinal measurement of both X and Y variable
*Collection of
Data
Measurement. Methods of Collection.
Sampling Methods.
*
*Blue & Green are
common favorite colors
for both men and
women
*Purple is commonly a
favorite color among
women but is commonly
a least favorite color
among men.
*
*
http:/blog.k
BASIC PROBABILITY
Introduction and Concepts
Introduction to Probability Theory
Interest on the results of games of chance
started the mathematical study of probability
Probability has an important role in the
development of the field of inferential
stat
INTRODUCTION
STAT 101
MOTIVATION
UNDERSTANDING
THE STATE
STATISTICS BEFORE:
Statistics
latin word Status meaning state.
Science of dealing with data
about the condition of a state or
community.
STATISTICS BEFORE:
STATISTICS BEFORE:
STATISTICS BEFORE
Fil
PRESENTATION OF
DATA
PRESENTATION OF DATA
HOW TO
COMMUNICATE YOUR
DATA?
Present interpretation and
results of analysis
HOW TO
COMMUNICATE WITH
YOUR DATA?
Reveal patterns and
understand special
features in the data
Different Modes of Presenting Data
Te
Measures of
Dispersion
How varied are the values in the
Data?
Compute the Mean of the
following Arrays:
ARRAY 1: 1,1,2,2,3,3,4,4,5,5,6,6
ARRAY 2: 1,1,1,1,1,1,6,6,6,6,6,6
ARRAY 3: 0,0,1,1,1,1,5,6,6,7,7,7
ARRAY 4: 1,2,2,3,3,3,4,4,4,5,5,6
All of the Arra
SKEWNESS, KURTOSIS,
BOXPLOT
Its all about shapes.
SKEWNESS
Symmetry of Distribution
MOTIVATION:
In both histograms, the mean is 6 and the
variance is roughly around 8.7. But, the shape
of distribution of values are not necessarily the
same. Hence, the mea
SAMPLING METHODS
Probability
Sampling.
NonProbability
Sampling
WHEN/WHY DO WE USE SAMPLING?
WHY DO SAMPLING?
It is more economical.
It requires less time in accomplishing a
study.
It allows wider scope for the study.
Results in a sample can even be more
a
MEASURES OF
LOCATION
MOTIVATION
To locate an upper bound to a
www.company.com
percentage of observations.
To identify the relative position
of the values in an array. Is it
relatively high/low?
i.e. 50% of the observations
are less than or equal to the
m
MEASURES OF CENTRAL
TENDENCY
Notations
( )
Notations
Summation notation
= 1 + 2 + 3 + + 1 +
=1
=
1 = ( )
Notations
Data on variable X and Y
i
1
2
3
4
5
Organization of
Data
Raw Data. Array. Frequency Distribution. Stem-and-Leaf Display
Organization of Data
Raw Data
The set of data in its original form
Not organized in any manner and recorded in
the order observed
Commonly referred to as ungrouped dat