Deductive Arguments True premise True premise True conclusion Valid All wines are beverages Chardonnay is a wine Therefore, chardonnay is a beverage. [sound] None Exist Invalid All wines are beverages Chardonnay is
Principle of Utility
By the principle of utility is meant that principle which approves or disapproves of every action whatsoever, according to the tendency which it appears to have to tendency which it appears to have to augment or diminish th
1. Why should Congress consult the joint-chiefs-of-staff about military spending?
They are military men, so obviously they will want as much money as they can
2. Although Im happy about the raise I got today, Im also a little worrie
Kant & The Categorical Imperative
Deontology- rightness and wrongness of acts are determined by the intrinsic quality of the act itself or the kind of act it is. Deon is derived from the Greek word for duty. Deontology is the study of duties. Consequenti
Kants Conception of a Good Will We have, then to explicate the concept of a will that is to be esteemed in itself and that is good apart from any further purpose, as it already dwells in natural sound understanding and needs not so much to be taught as to
Theories that base morality on factors other than the results or outcomes of actions
Virtue Based Ethics
Socrates, Plato, Aristotle Socrates, Focuses primarily on personal character Focuses traits and emphasizes
A system of ethical rules or principles associated with religion; or determining right from wrong based on the teachings of a religion.
Belief in a omnipresent, invisible force.
Communicates its will through objects Rel
Phil 1623.052 Syllabus Fall 2008 T & H: 5:30-6:45 NW P-162 INSTRUCTOR
Victor H. Miller; Santa Fe College, 3000 NW 83 Street, Building LA, Room 216, Gainesville, FL 32606, L216; office L216, hours: Tuesday and Thursday 11:00-12:25; 3:30
Workplace Ethics Study Guide Quiz 2
1. What are consequentialist theories? 2. What are non-consequentialist theories? 3. What is Utilitarianism? 4. What is the standard of morality according to Bentham? 5. What is the standard of morality according to Mil
Workplace Ethics Study Guide Quiz 3
1. What important distinction did Socrates make?
2. What is the primary focus of Virtue Ethics?
3. What are Platos 4 classical virtues?
4. What are the two types of virtues for Aristotle?
5. What is Aristotles principle
From The Art of Reasoning Third Edition by David Kelley
Dependency - Premises are dependent on one another when if one of them is false the other has no relevance to the conclusion. Independency Prem
Case Development Instructions
1. Each group must determine a moral issue that they think would be relevant to their professional field. 2. The issue must be developed such that it causes a moral dilemma. A moral dilemma occurs when any proposed solution t
To be certain that an inductive conclusion is true, it must be confirmed by the totality of the context of your knowledge. There is no other alternative conclusion which can be drawn based on the information you possess. According to
The Employment Relationship
Rights, Responsibilities and Respect
The employee promises a fair days work day in accordance with the directions of the employer, in exchange for a fair days pay. day
Act justly. Respec
Using the source of the argument as a means to discredit the argument. Ad hominem abusive Ad hominem circumstantial
Equivocation the meaning of a word changes in the argument. Semantic issue. Amphiboly The ar
Ethics The reasoned study of what is morally right and wrong, good and Ethics bad. Ethical Issues Moral questions or problems; situations or actions that Ethical contain legitimate questions of moral righ
Ethics for individuals of a profession committed to the pubic good
Physician Lawyer Pharmacist CPA Journalist Engineers Nurse Teacher Psychologist Social Worker Policeman Realtor
Profession vocation requiring adva
PHI 1623 Arguments
Each pair of argument below has the same conclusion. Determine which one has the greater logical strength. Remember strength does not depend on the truth of the premises. 1. (a) Cross-country skiing is one of the best forms of exercise: