Chapter 16: Enforcing the Law; Practice & Research
History: England; Danish King Camute: Constables est. 1255. Sir Robert Peels created
Metropolitan Constabulary in London in 1829. All countries had them by 1856.
United States: Colonial America used syste
Chapter 13: Public Order Crimes
Victimless crimes: Drunkenness & Prostitution?
Egypt: use of opium; religious, 3500 BC. painkiller, 1600 AD
US use for medical purposes, opium (morphine & codeine); civil war morphine (soldiers
disease); 1860s to unblock si
Chapter 12: White Collar & Corporate Crime
White collar crime: Sutherland: crime committed by a person of respectability and high
social status in the course of his occupation. A violation of the law committed by a
person or group of persons in the course
Chapter 11: Crimes against Property
Larceny: A trespass; taking & carrying away of personal property with the intent to deprive the
owner of the property permanently; Amateur thief: occasional offender, tend to be opportunists.
Professional: make a career
Chapter 10: Violent Crimes
Violence is the use or threat of force; criminal violence: homicide, assault, family abuse, rape,
kidnapping, robbery, organized crime. Emergency violence: Terrorism, hate crime, militias,
violence in schools.
Homicide: the kill
All of the above is the answer 99.9% of the time.
Soldiers Disease; Morphine. Egyptians used Opium.
Marijuana used most by minorities until 1960's.
U.S. drug abuse started by using drugs for medicinal purposes.
Most cocaine grown in Peru & Columbia refine
#1 is Hypothesis
None of the above is never the answer All of the above is the answer 99% of the time
3 things for citation (authors last name, year, page number)
Person who coined criminology (Rafael TMNT)
Deviance: behavior that violates social norms, i