A Universal, Affirmative All A are B.
E Universal, Negative No A are B.
I Particular, Affirmative Some A are B.
O Particular, Negative Some A are not B.
S or A is Subject Term (first term)
P or B is Predicate Term (second term)
Quality Affirmative/Negativ

Figure 1
(M) Middle Term + (P) Major Term
(S) Minor Term + (M) Middle Term
(S) Minor Term + (P) Major Term
Figure 2
(P) Major Term + (M) Middle Term
(S) Minor Term + (M) Middle Term
(S) Minor Term + (P) Major Term
Figure 3
(M) Middle Term + (P) Major Term

Middle
Term Only
Minor
Major
Term Only Term Only
All A are B. No C are A. Therefore, no C are B.
Some A are B. Some C are A. Therefore, some C are B.
All A are B. All C are B. Therefore, all C are A.
Some auto teller machines are places criminals hide. Al

Immediate inference: have only one premise, one conclusion.
Categorical Proposition: relates two classes (groups) with two premises and one conclusion. Has a
subject term and a predicate term.
Proposition: sentence that is either true or false.
Categorica

4.7 - I Translations
1. Any bank that makes too many risky loans will fail. =
4. Bromine is extractable from seawater. =
7. It its a halogen, then it isnt chemically inert. =
10. None but pirate ships fly the jolly roger. =
13. A man is a bachelor only if

Categorical Syllogism: deductive argument of 3 categorical propositions (general statement either true
or false belonging to a group) that can be translated to standard form.
Syllogism Standard Form:
1. Quantifier (all, some, no) _ copula (are, are not) _

A Universal, Affirmative All A are B.
E Universal, Negative No A are B.
I Particular, Affirmative Some A are B.
O Particular, Negative Some A are not B.
S or A is Subject Term (first term)
P or B is Predicate Term (second term)
Quality Affirmative/Negativ

Statement = True or False Value (Just information)
Argument = Premises + Conclusion, Makes a claim, Can be Good or Bad
Arguments Need:
Factual Claim (statement of evidence/support) AND
Inferential Claim (statement being supported by evidence)
Inferential