Adjusting the rate of heat exchange between the animal and its surrounding.
o Insulations, such as hair, feathers, and fat located just beneath the skin, reduces the flow of heat
between an animal and its environment.
o Vasodilation, expansion of the dia
Chapter 44: Homeostasis
Regulation of Body Temperature
Because enzymatic rXns and the properties of membranes are strongly influenced by temperature, thermal
effects influence animal function and performance.
Q10 effect: the rates for most enzyme-mediat
Chapter 40: Animal Form and Function
Animal Anatomy and Physiology
Animals inhabit almost every part of the biosphere. Despite their amazing diversity, all animals face a similar set
All animals must:
o Obtain oxygen
o Nourish themselves