Chapter 39 - The Stalemated Seventies
I. Sources of Stagnation
1. After the flurry of economic growth in the 1950s and 1960s, the U.S. economy grew
stagnant in the 1970s. No year during that decade had a growth rate that matched any
year of the preceding
Chapter 38 - The Stormy Sixties
I. Kennedys New Frontier Spirit
1. In 1960, young, energetic John F. Kennedy was elected as president
of the United Statesthe youngest man ever elected to that office.
2. The 1960s would bring a sexual revolution, a civil r
Chapter 37 - The Eisenhower Era
I. Affluence and Its Anxieties
1. The economy really sprouted during the 50s, and the invention of
the transistor exploded the electronics field, especially in computers,
helping such companies as International Business Mac
Chapter 35 - America in World War II
I. The Allies Trade Space for Time
1. When Japan attacked the United States at Pearl Harbor, millions of
infuriated Americans, especially on the west coast, instantly changed
their views from isolationist to avenger.
Chapter 34 - Franklin D. Roosevelt and the
Shadow of War
I. The London Conference
1. The 1933 London Conference composed 66 nations that came together
to hopefully develop a worldwide solution to the Great Depression.
o President Franklin D. Roosevelt at
Chapter 32 - The Politics of Boom and Bust
I. The Republican Old Guard Returns
1. Newly elected President Warren G. Harding was tall, handsome, and
popular, but he had a mediocre mind and he did not like to hurt
o Nor could he detect the
Chapter 31 - American Life in the Roaring
I. Seeing Red
1. After World War I, America turned inward, away from the world, and
started a policy of isolationism. Americans denounced
radical foreign ideas and un-American
2. The Red Scare of 1
The Fourteen Points were a set of idealistic goals for peace. The main points were
No more secret treaties.
Freedom of the seas was to be maintained.
A removal of economic barriers among nations.
Reduction of armament burdens.
The Democratic platform called New Freedom,
TR said that he felt as strong as a bull moose, TRs New Nationalism
TR: that the government should control the bad trusts, leaving the good trusts
alone and free to operate.
Wilsons New Freedom fa
Henry Demarest Lloyd exposed the corruption of the
monopoly of the Standard Oil Company with his book Wealth Against
Progressives were mostly middle-class citizens
the initiative so that
voters could directly propose legislatio
Chapter 12 - The Second War for Independence and the Upsurge of Nationalism
I. On to Canada Over Land and Lakes
1. Due to widespread disunity, the War of 1812 ranks as one of Americas worst fought wars.
2. There was not a burning national anger, like ther
Chapter 11 - The Triumphs and Travails of Jeffersonian Republic
I. Federalist and Republican Mudslingers
1. In the election of 1800, the Federalists had a host of enemies stemming from the Alien and
2. The Federalists had been most damaged
Chapter 10 - Launching the New Ship of State
I. Growing Pains
1. In 1789, the new U.S. Constitution was launched, and the population was doubling every 20
* Americas population was still 90% rural, with 5% living west of the Appalachians.
Chapter 09 - The Confederation and the Constitution
I. The Pursuit of Equality
1. The American Revolution was more of an accelerated evolution than a revolution.
2. However, the exodus of some 80,000 Loyalists left a great lack of conservatives.
* This we
Chapter 08 - America Secedes from the Empire
I. Congress Drafts George Washington
1. After the bloodshed at Lexington and Concord in April of 1775,
about 20,000 Minutemen swarmed around Boston, where they outnumbered
2. The Second Continental
Chapter 07 - The Road to Revolution
I. The Deep Roots of Revolution
1. In a broad sense, the American Revolution began when the first colonists set foot on
2. The war may have lasted for eight years, but a sense of
independence had already begun
Chapter 06 - The Duel for North America
I. France Finds a Foothold in Canada
1. Like England and Holland, France was a latecomer in the race for colonies.
* It was convulsed in the 1500s by foreign wars and domestic strife.
* In 1598, the Edict of Nantes
Chapter 05 - Colonial Society on the Eve of Revolution
I. Conquest by the Cradle
1. By 1775, Great Britain ruled 32 colonies in North America.
* Only 13 of them revolted (the ones in whats today the U.S.).
* Canada and Jamaica were wealthier than the orig
Chapter 04 - American Life in the Seventeenth Century
I. The Unhealthy Chesapeake
1. Life in the American wilderness was harsh.
2. Diseases like malaria, dysentery, and typhoid killed many.
3. Few people lived to 40 or 50 years.
4. In the early days of co
Chapter 03 - Settling in the Northern Colonies
I. The Protestant Reformation Produces Puritanism
1. 1517, Martin Luther nailed his 95 Theses to the door of the Wittenberg Cathedral. Luther
had several explosive ideas including
* The Bible alone was the so
Chapter 02 - The Planting of English America
I. Englands Imperial Stirrings
1. North America in 1600 was largely unclaimed, though the Spanish had much control in
Central and South America.
2. Spain had only set up Santa Fe, while France had founded Quebe
Chapter 01 - New World Beginnings
I. The Shaping of North America
1. Recorded history began 6,000 years ago. It was 500 years ago that Europeans set foot on the
Americas to begin colonization
2. The theory of Pangaea exists suggesting that the
Chapter 36 - The Cold War Begins
I. Postwar Economic Anxieties
1. The Americans cheered the end of World War II in 1945, but many
worried that with the war over, the U.S. would sink back into another
o Upon wars end, inflation shot up wi
Chapter 33 - The Great Depression and the
I. FDR: A Politician in a Wheelchair
1. In 1932, voters still had not seen any economic improvement, and they wanted a new
2. President Herbert Hoover was nominated again without much vigor and
United States History
This is not intended as a substitute for regular study . But it is a powerful tool for review.
1494: Treaty of Tordesillas divides world between Portugal and Spain
1497: John Cabot lands in North Americ
Chapter 1 Notes Cardoza
Evidence suggests that early people may have come to the Americas in crude boats, or across the
Europeans Enter Africa
People of Europe were able to reach sub-Saharan Africa around 1450 when the Portuguese
McKinley (Rep) (1896-1900)
1897: Dingley Tariff raises tax on duties
1898: Spanish American War because of election year and yellow journalism (Pulitzer
Maine explodes "Remember the Maine"
DeLome Letter criticizes McKinley
Williams vs. Miss. U
1. Why did the American spirit lessen during the 1970s?
The American spirit lessened during the 1970s because the post World War II economy slumped
leading to a long recession. The decade did not witness a productivity advance because of the
7. What was the goal of the Alliance for Progress?
The Alliance for Progress was an alliance proposed by President Kennedy that sought to close
the gap between the callous rich and the poor. Similar to the Marshall Plan, it sought to quiet
1. How did the transistor change America?
Transistor exploded the electronics field, especially in computers, helping such companies as
International Business Machines (IBM) expand and prosp