15. Galileo and Aristotle on Motion.
I. Aristotle's Theory of Motion
Two basic principles:
I. No motion without a mover in contact with moving body.
II. Distinction between:
(a) Natural motion: mover is internal to moving body
(b) Forced motion: mover is
13. Two World Views.
I. The Ptolemaic System
Claudius Ptolemy (~85 - ~165 A.D.)
The Almagest (127-141 A.D.). "The Great Compilation".
Account meant to save the
phenomena (no explicit
Major constraint: Aristotelian
12. Medicine and Magic in Elizabethan London. IV.
IV. Forman: Alchemy, Magic, and Medicine
1. The Medical Uses of Antimony
"antimony" = ore of antimony (stibnite).
"regulus" = metal extracted from ore (metalline antimony).
"star of regulus"/"quicks
11. Medicine and Magic in Elizabethan London. III.
III. Forman: The Casebooks
Motivations for belief in astrology in early modern England.
psychological: The need for information and advice which no other agency
social and therapeuti
10. Medicine and Magic in Elizabethan London. II.
II. Plague and the College of Physicians of London
1518. Group of physicians obtain charter to set up "a College in perpetuity of
learned and wise men who make any practice of medicine in our City of
09. Medicine and Magic in Elizabethan London. I.
Writings of Simon Forman (1552-1611): astrologer,
medical practitioner in Elizabethan London.
Medical practice: Galenic vs Paracelsian medicine.
Social structures of authority: Forman vs
08. Galen and Paracelsus
Kearney, H. (1971) Science and Change
I. Three Traditions
1. The Organic Tradition
(a) Nature as living organism.
Characteristics: change, growth and decay,
final causation, substantial forms.
(b) God as rational first-mover.
07. Pico: Supernatural Magic and the Cabala
Giovanni Pico della Mirandola (1463-1494)
Italian philosopher; younger contemporary of Ficino.
900 claims on a variety of subjects: Aristotle, Plato, Hermes
Trismegistis (10), magic (26), Ca
06. Ficino: Natural Magic and Cosmic Medicine
I. Framework for Medieval (Pre-Renaissance) Magic
Mystical knowledge of religious/spiritual world-order.
Used for practical purposes by magus.
Optimistic gnosticism sympathetic magic (dra
05. The Hermetic Corpus and Magic
I. Hermes Trismegistus
(1) Appearance of Hermetic writings (1st-2nd cent. A.D.).
Greek texts thought to be translations of ancient Egyptian texts written by
Egyptian priest, philosopher, and law
03. Aristotle (384-322 B.C.)
I. Matter and Form
All being is in the world.
Forms exist in sensible objects; not in a separate Platonic realm.
Doctrine of Hylomorphism
A sensible object consists of both matter and form.
Form determines properties o
02. Plato's Cosmology
World of Forms
ORDER & REASON
(World of sensible objects)
Creation of the Cosmos
Two descriptions in Timaeus: Top
01. Pre-Socratic Cosmology and Plato
I. Basic Issues
(a) What do things consist of?
one substance (monism)
many substances (pluralism)
Problem of the One and the Many
- How is diversity derived from unity?
- How is unity derived fro