11.1 The Byzantine Empire
After Rome split, the Eastern
Empire, known as Byzantium,
flourishes for a thousand years.
A New Rome in a New Setting
The Eastern Roman Empire
Roman Empire officially divides into East and
West in 395.
Eastern Empire flourishe
13.1 Charlemagne Unites
Many Germanic kingdoms that
succeeded the Roman Empire are
reunited under Charlemagnes
Invasions of Western Europe
Effects of Constant Invasions and
Germanic invaders overrun western
Roman Empire i
5.1 Cultures of the Mountains
and the Sea
The roots of Greek culture are based
on interaction of the Mycenaean,
Minoan, and Dorian cultures
Geography Shapes Greek Life
Collection of separate lands where Greekspeaking people live
11.2 The Russian
Russia grows out of a blending of
Slavic and Byzantine cultures and
adopts Eastern Orthodox
Emergence of Russian Culture
Byzantium trades with Slavsgroups
living north of the Black Sea.
The code of chivalry for knights glorified
both combat and romantic love.
The Technology of
Leather saddle and
stirrups enable knights
to handle heavy
In 700s, mounted
knights become most
important part of an
The Fall of the Roman
Chapter 6, Section 4
A Century in Crisis
of Marcus Aurelius reign as
emperor (A.D. 161-180) brought
about end of Pax Romana. Rulers
after Marcus Aurelius had no idea
how to deal with the giant empire
and its problems.
13.2 Feudalism in Europe
Feudalism, a political and
economic system based on landholding and protective alliances,
emerges in Europe.
Invaders Attack Western
The Vikings Invade from the North
Warlike Vikings raid Europe from
11.3 Turkish Empires Rise
Turkish people convert to
Islam and establish new
empires that renew Muslim
The Rise of the Turks
Decline of the Abbassids
Powerful Abbasid Empire faces many
attacks during 700s and 800s.
Athenians and Spartans Go to
B.C. Sparta declares war on Athens
the beginning of the Peloponnesian War.
has a better army.
Athens has a better navy.
Plague strikes Athens in 430 B.C., kills
The Rise of Christianity
Chapter 6, Section 3
The Life and Teaching of Jesus
Romans Conquer Judea
Rome conquers Judea, home of the Jews;
makes it part of the empire in A.D. 6
Many Jews believe in a coming Messiah
(meaning anointed one), or savior, who
Consider a modification to TCPs congestion control
algorithm. Instead of additive increase, we can use
multiplicative increase. A TCP sender increases its
window size by a small positive constant a (0 < a < 1)
whenever it receives a valid ACK. Find the fu
$3.3 billion $1.2 billion higher than the next most
valuable sports team.
The core strength of Manchester United's global brand is
often attributed to Matt Busby's rebuilding of the team and
subsequent success following the Munich air disaster,
3. . "3.4 million displaced by Pakistan
fighting". Retrieved 24 July 2010.
4. Jump up^ "Nawaz Sharif sworn in
as Pakistani PM". ABC. 5 June
2013. Retrieved 6 June 2013.
5. Jump up^ "Part I:
6. ^ Jump up
to:a b c d e
20 for Manchester United, 13 for Arsenal) this fixture has
become known as one of the finest Premier League
match-ups in history.
Aeroflot is an official carrier of the club.
Manchester United has been described as a global brand;
The name Pakistan literally means "Land of the Pure"
in Urdu and Persian. It comes from the
word pk meaning pure inPersian and Pashto while the
word istn is a Persian word meaning plac
000 tons. In 1984, the IUREP Orientation Phase
Mission to Somalia reported that the country had 5,000
tons of uranium reasonably assured resources (RAR),
11,000 tons of uranium estimated additional resources
(EAR) in calcrete deposits, as well as 015
o 2.2Kievan Rus'
o 2.3Grand Duchy of Moscow
o 2.4Tsardom of Russia
o 2.5Imperial Russia
o 2.6Revolution and Russian Republic
o 2.7Soviet Russia and civil war
o 2.8Soviet Union
o 2.9Russian Federation
o 3.2Foreign relations
This 16th-century campaign is historically known as
the Conquest of Abyssinia (Futuh al-Habash). During the
war, Imam Ahmad pioneered the use of cannons supplied
by the Ottoman Empire, which he imported through Zeila
and deployed against Abyssinian f
0 victory over
in 1992, in which the team beat Nottingham Forest 10 at
Wembley. In 1993, the club won its first league title since
1967, and a year later, for the first time since 1957, it won
a second consecutive title alongside the FA Cup to
o 7.3Visual arts
Main article: Name of Canada
While a variety of theories have been postulated for the
etymological origins of Canada, t
1. 07. (subscription required in
Quebec, there are
substantial Francophone populatio
ns in New Brunswick, Alberta,
and Manitoba; Ontario has the
population outside Quebec.
New Brunswick, the only
officially bilingual province
o 7.8Food and drink
Standing Buddha fromGandhara
Some of the earliest
ruled the region: the Persian Achaemenid Empire around
519 BC), Alexander the Great's empire in 326 BC and
the Maurya Empire founded by Chandragupta Maurya and
extended by Ashoka th
This civilization enjoyed a trading relationship
with ancient Egypt andMycenaean Greece since the
second millennium BCE, supporting the hypothesis that
Somalia or adjacent regions were the location of the
ancient Land of Punt. The Puntite
The tangambili periods that intervene between the two
monsoons (OctoberNovember and MarchMay) are hot
Main article: Wildlife of Somalia
A camel in the northern mountains.
Somalia contains a variety of mammals due to it
, with the TFP serving as the legislative branch. The
Somalia. At the end of 2008, the group had captured
Baidoa but not Mogadishu. By January 2009, Al-Shabaab
and other militias had managed to force the Ethiopian
troops to retreat, leavin
1. 62.ISBN 0-313-32492-1
2. ^ Jump up to:a b "The history of
banya and sauna" (in Russian).[dead
3. Jump up^ May, T. "Khanate of the
Golden Horde". Archived fromthe
original on 7 June 2008.
Retrieved 27 December2007.
4. Jump up^ Frank D.
. As of now, Pakistan has a multi-partyparliamentary
system with clear division of powers and responsibilities
between branches of government. The first
successful demonstrative transaction was held in May
2013. Politics in Pakistan is centered and d
the armed forces, and the chief military adviser to
the civilian government though the chairman has no
authority over the three branches of armed forces.
The Chairman joint chiefs controls the military from
the JS HQ and maintains strategic co
British Somaliland remained a protectorate of Britain
To the extent that Italy held the territory by UN mandate,
the trusteeship provisions gave the Somalis the
opportunity to gain experience in Western political
education and self-go