We may also have certain core beliefs that can undermine critical thinking (the second category of hindrances). Subjective relativism is the view that truth depends solely on what someone
believes a notion that may make critical thinking look superfluous.
Two categories of fallacies:
Category 1Fallacies that have
Category 2Fallacies that have
genetic fallacyarguing that a claim is true or false
solely because of its origin.
Critical thinking is the systematic evaluation or formulation of beliefs, or statements, by rational
standards. Critical thinking is systematic because it involves distinct procedures and methods. It
entails evaluation and formulation bec
* UNCORRECTED PROOFS *
A Complete Course in Critical Thinking
David R. Morrow
Hackett Publishing Company, Inc.
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Structure and Logic of
Basic Components of
Master the machinery of [logic], and you have a mental
occupation always at hand that will be of real use to
you in any subject you take up. It will
Zaid Ali Alsagoff
How many times does the letter F
appear in the following sentence?
These functional fuses have been
developed after years of scientific
investigation of electric phe
An argument basically consists of putting forward a point of view and giving the reasons for having
that particular belief. It always consists of a claim (or conclusion) and reasons that are contained in
the premises. Reasons
Parallel Reasoning in Thomsons A Defense of
Sometimes, when an argument is invalid or
otherwise problematic, it is easier to refute by
constructing a parallel argument that is more
Why Abortion is Immoral
Attacking a Straw Man
The whole point behind philosophical argument (and
argument in general) is progress.
If one does not address the strongest possible argument
one can imagine, then no progress is possible.
Zaid Ali Alsagoff
Do You Agree with Him? Why?
An Inconvenient Truth
An Inconvenient Truth (Video).
Title: Ballard Power Systems: Zero Emission Vehicles
3) Consider Ballard Power Systems: Zero Emission Vehicles on Pg. 437 of your text. What
is the moral dilemma in this case? What are the morally relevant facts? How might one
resolve this moral
Make sure you can define the following terms in a sentence or two.
1) Autonomy: Autonomy can be defined as the ability to make choices according to one's
own free will.
2) Utilitarianism: Utilitarianism is a consequences based theory in which
Critical Thinking [Fall 2014]
Instructor: Dr. Mano Daniel
Office Hours: before or after class or by appointment
Email: firstname.lastname@example.org or email@example.com
Text: Groake and Tindale, Good R
Where on the belief bar should you be, and why? (A different way to ask the question: how likely
are the following statements to be true? When you answer, make reference to the four rules
weve been talking about.) A different way to ask the question: are
diagramming exercises answers
1. Im popular. 2. Look, I have 400 Facebook friends.
2. (1) If the lights are on, hes home. (2) The lights are on. (3) Therefore, hes home.
3. 1. Either that was a submarine, or it was the Loch Ness Monster. 2.
Phil 1101 Final exam
: 141 points
answer the se questions in the
(Dont worry about cogencyyou can assume for the sake of this exercise that the
premises are true, in any case.)
1. Most of the whales that people see are in zoos. Thu
Identifying Premises and Conclusions
This tutorial will give you practice in distinguishing
premises from conclusions.
Go to next slide
1. No one under eighteen-years-old can vote.
2. Jen is under eighteen-years-old.
3. Therefore, Jen cannot vote.
Stuff to include in and leave out of the
standard form argument
Not all statements a person makes in the course of an
argument are necessary for stating their argument.
Many claims are related but are tangential.
It is not n
What is Logical?
Most, when they
think of logic, think
of something devoid
of emotion. When
Spock held forth on
what was and was
not logical, he usually
meant to say what
was and was not
Logic, in the sense in which we will be
Violating a rule in order to follow another
E.g. giving less than precise information
because precise information is not known
(violates quantity to follow quality).
Flouting a rule to draw attention to a
Conventions are those funny things about language
that people follow in order to be understood but
that dont automatically suggest themselves to
Hey, look, another distinction:
grammar: The system of rules implicit in a language,
(Herbert) Paul Grice
Educated at Oxford,
taught there for several
years, spent the last two
decades of his life at the
University of California at
Many of his most
influential writings are
reprinted in the bo
In saying I _ I thereby _.
Example: I hereby resign as President of the United States
Context must be appropriate
Can fail to do a performative
I grant I conclude I assert etc.
Indicative mood sentences: sentences that are typically used to make
claimsas a result, they can sensibly be prefaced with: It is true/false that
Argument: A set of claims/statements (premises) given to provide support
for another statement (the co
The Academy for Teaching and Learning Excellence (ATLE)
Office hours for faculty.
1841 | atle.usf.edu| firstname.lastname@example.org
Developing Critical Thinking Skills
with The Colbert Report
Why Teach Critical Thinking
T he.following passages a rgue for o pposing v iews o n t he religious d uties o f
elected officials. l n e ach case, r ead t he w hole passage; then, for e ach o f t he
n umbered e xpressions, either a nswer t he corresponding question o r l abel the
is often taken to be the case that an
argument is good if it is persuasive, that is, if
people are inclined to accept it.
People accept all kinds of foolish things, so
persuasiveness is not the standard of quality
for which we are looking.