*recognizes what is wrong and does not follow through on it
ex. Drinking and driving is wrong, even if I can drive home through
back roads without getting caught, I will not drink and drive because it
respect is crucial must res
development of character (focused on actor)
Psychological: descriptive theory human beings are people who are
egoistic (born that way)
Ethical: people ought to choose to become ethical egoists
(recommendation on how you choose to liv
CHAPTER 7: VIRTUE ETHICS BE A GOOD PERSON
Virtue Ethics: theory of morality that makes virtue the central concern when
confronted with moral problem, virtue ethicist asks What should I be?
The Ethics of Virtue (Aristotle)
every living being has an end tow
CHAPTER 4: THE POWER OF MORAL THEORIES
Theories of Right and Wrong
Moral Theory: explanation of what makes an action right or what makes a person
or thing good
focus not on rightness or goodness of specific actions or persons but the
very nature of right
CHAPTER 6: NONCONSEQUENTIALIST
THEORIES: DO YOUR DUTY
*Nonconsequentialist = Deontologist
right actions have moral value only if they are done with a good will a
will is to do your duty for dutys sake
o act with a desire to do your duty simpl
CHAPTER 5: CONSEQUENTIALIST THEORIES
TWO MOST INFLUENTIAL THEORIES: ETHICAL EGOISM AND
right action is the one that advances ones own best interests
ones only moral duty to promote most favourable balance of good over
Simply defined, whistleblowing refers to the release of information to
the public, by an employee, of his/her employers wrongdoing. (Pg.
(Edward Snowden, Catherine Galliford)
Who is affected by whistleblowing?
PHIL 1101-001 (32220) Critical Thinking
Monday and Wednesday 12:30 2:20 in room 1715
Instructor: Dr. David Wolfe ([email protected])
Office Location/Hours: Office 3319, Monday and Thursday 4:30-5:30
Although we all think, we dont
Make sure you can define the following terms in a sentence or two.
1) Autonomy: Autonomy can be defined as the ability to make choices according to one's
own free will.
2) Utilitarianism: Utilitarianism is a consequences based theory in which
Title: Ballard Power Systems: Zero Emission Vehicles
3) Consider Ballard Power Systems: Zero Emission Vehicles on Pg. 437 of your text. What
is the moral dilemma in this case? What are the morally relevant facts? How might one
resolve this moral
Phil 1101 Final exam
: 141 points
answer the se questions in the
(Dont worry about cogencyyou can assume for the sake of this exercise that the
premises are true, in any case.)
1. Most of the whales that people see are in zoos. Thu
diagramming exercises answers
1. Im popular. 2. Look, I have 400 Facebook friends.
2. (1) If the lights are on, hes home. (2) The lights are on. (3) Therefore, hes home.
3. 1. Either that was a submarine, or it was the Loch Ness Monster. 2.
Critical thinking is the systematic evaluation or formulation of beliefs, or statements, by rational
standards. Critical thinking is systematic because it involves distinct procedures and methods. It
entails evaluation and formulation bec
We may also have certain core beliefs that can undermine critical thinking (the second category of hindrances). Subjective relativism is the view that truth depends solely on what someone
believes a notion that may make critical thinking look superfluous.
Where on the belief bar should you be, and why? (A different way to ask the question: how likely
are the following statements to be true? When you answer, make reference to the four rules
weve been talking about.) A different way to ask the question: are
Critical Thinking [Fall 2014]
Instructor: Dr. Mano Daniel
Office Hours: before or after class or by appointment
Email: [email protected] or [email protected]
Text: Groake and Tindale, Good R
Structure and Logic of
Basic Components of
Master the machinery of [logic], and you have a mental
occupation always at hand that will be of real use to
you in any subject you take up. It will
Zaid Ali Alsagoff
How many times does the letter F
appear in the following sentence?
These functional fuses have been
developed after years of scientific
investigation of electric phe
An argument basically consists of putting forward a point of view and giving the reasons for having
that particular belief. It always consists of a claim (or conclusion) and reasons that are contained in
the premises. Reasons
Parallel Reasoning in Thomsons A Defense of
Sometimes, when an argument is invalid or
otherwise problematic, it is easier to refute by
constructing a parallel argument that is more
Why Abortion is Immoral
Attacking a Straw Man
The whole point behind philosophical argument (and
argument in general) is progress.
If one does not address the strongest possible argument
one can imagine, then no progress is possible.
Zaid Ali Alsagoff
Do You Agree with Him? Why?
An Inconvenient Truth
An Inconvenient Truth (Video).
Identifying Premises and Conclusions
This tutorial will give you practice in distinguishing
premises from conclusions.
Go to next slide
1. No one under eighteen-years-old can vote.
2. Jen is under eighteen-years-old.
3. Therefore, Jen cannot vote.
Two categories of fallacies:
Category 1Fallacies that have
Category 2Fallacies that have
genetic fallacyarguing that a claim is true or false
solely because of its origin.
Stuff to include in and leave out of the
standard form argument
Not all statements a person makes in the course of an
argument are necessary for stating their argument.
Many claims are related but are tangential.
It is not n
What is Logical?
Most, when they
think of logic, think
of something devoid
of emotion. When
Spock held forth on
what was and was
not logical, he usually
meant to say what
was and was not
Logic, in the sense in which we will be
Procedure for using truth tables to find
Create the reference columns (one per propositional variable, in alpha. order)
Create one column for each logical connective (v,&,~, )
Fill in reference columns:
We discussed propositions last time.
When we work with sentences that express a
single proposition, we can just replace them with
what we will call a propositional variable.
Propositional variables are lo