SEMINAR IN ECONOMIC POLICY
Financial Crisis 2008
Dated: June 18, 2011
FINANCIAL CRISIS 2008
The outbreak of the current financial crisis can be officially tracked down in
August 2007. That was wh
Transfer of Technology to Developing Countries
What Is Technology Transfer ?
Technology transfer is the process through which technology is transferred from one
company to another or from one country to another.
There are two ways of technology tr
WHO IS THE MASTER?
WHO IS THE SERVANT?
MARKET OR GOVERNMENT?
Presented by: Syed Naveed Abbas
Presented to: Sir Mazhar
Date: Mar 10th, 2008
Significance / Objective of this paper:
To discuss the limitations of the market and the risk of m
The Overall Beverages Industry of Pakistan
And how Tapal in particular copes with consumers emerging
(*these preferences will be discovered with the help of a consumer survey)
Todays world is very competitive. To be successful in
Working Women in Pakistan
In this era of dynamic marketing environment, the questions of men and women being on
the same wavelength have become extremely complex. With cut throat competition in
almost every business sector and market segment, wome
Definition of Competitiveness
Competitiveness can be defined as Sustainable growth in productivity that benefits the
average person. Competitiveness is driven not only by the macroeconomic environment
but also by the quality of the microeconomic b
Economic Growth and Employment
There has been a deferred impact of the economic growth on the development of the
country. In fact, the rate at which our economy has grown over the years does not at all
match the growth in the development sec
Borrowing by a government to make up for a revenue shortfall. When government
expenditure exceeds receipts from the public, the government resorts to borrowing to
cover the gap. This is called deficit financing and is used to stimulate e
Economic policies in Bhutto Regime
Mr. Bhutto assumed power on Dec 20th. 1971
Separation of East Pakistan
Pro-private sector repalced by socialism
Those means of production that are the generators of indus
IMF and World Bank Policies
International Monetary Fund
International Monetary Fund (IMF) or the Fund was conceived at a UN conference in July 1944. The IMF describes itself as:
"an organization of 185 countries working to foster global mone
Macro-Economic Polices Between 1947 to 1958
For a region that was considered to be the Indian subcontinents economic
backwater at the time of partition. Pakistans industrial and economic growth
performance, at least up to the late 1960s, was phenomenal. P
MONETARY POLICY IMPLIMINTATION FRAMEWORK
THE CHOICE OF MONETARY STRATEGIES
A suitable strategy for monetary policy should satisfy a number of criteria. The strategy
should be effective in meeting the objective of price stability; the processes of setting
MACROECONOMIC POLICY COORDINATION
MONETARY AND FISCAL POLICY
To understand the importance and application of macroeconomic policy coordination, lets first look at
the different policies, their objectives and the tools used to achieve the respective object
Trends in Industrialization in Pakistan, in comparison with Regional/Emerging Economies
Haseeb Ahmed Polani, MEX 5420
1. Significance of the issue:
The industrialization trends and strategies discussed in the following presentation are anchored around com
Introduction to Cost Accounting
By the end of this chapter, you should be able to:
Define cost accounting.
State the five areas in which cost accounting can assist management.
List the uses of cost data.
Define standard costs and cost
Pakistan Steel: White elephant for the
govt, messiah for its employees
Retired drivers share tales of how they became successful entrepreneurs.
By Kazim Alam
Published: December 9, 2011
BALANCE OF PAYMENT
History in Pakistan
1. Significance of the issue:
The balance of payments is a statistical statement that systematically summarizes, for a specific time period, the economic
transactions of an economy with the rest of the world.Data for
Falling market share, record exports
STANDING at $15.3 billion during July-February, exports are poised to touch a record $24
billion by end of this fiscal year mainly because of higher unit value.
Supported by higher exports an
Factors Affecting Fiscal Policy :- Syed Shahzaib Alam ID 4999
Fiscal Policy refers to actions by the Government to spend, or collect money in taxes, with a
purpose of influencing the condition of the national income.
A government might intervene in the ec
April 15, 1999
Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland
Money Growth and Inflation:
Does Fiscal Policy Matter?
by Charles T. Carlstrom and Timothy S. Fuerst
he determinants of inflation have
long interested both economists and central bankers. This interest ha
DEBT MANAGEMENT BY SARAH BUKHARI 3006
Pakistan's Debt Burden
Pakistan has experienced an increasing debt burden since the start of the 1980s.
The root cause of higher levels of indebtedness is imprudent fiscal imbalances;
therefore, any debt strategy wi
Writeup for Seminar in Economic Policy
Institute of Business and Management
Written by: Haris Alam
Presented to: Muhammad Mazhar Khan
TOWARDS DEFINING GLOBALISATION:
As I write these first lines - I am
A currency crisis occurs when the value of a currency changes quickly, undermining its ability to serve as a
medium of exchange or a storage of value. Governments often defend such attacks by satisfying the
excessive demand for a given cur
Monetary Policy Implementation
seek to attain certain objectives for the macro economy by operating in a countrys
SIGNIFICANCE OF THIS ERA:
Musharraf Regime Political Highlights:
1. Military Comes to Power Again [Oct 12, 1999]
2. Pervez Musharraf Becomes President [June, 2001]
3. Agra Summit [July 14 to 16, 2001]
4. Local Government System 
MICRO FINANCE AND SME SECTOR
What is Microfinance?
Microfinance is the supply of loans, savings, and other basic financial services to the
What is an MFI?
The Microfinance Institutions are specialized financial institutions, which cater to the
World Trade Organization (WTO)
The World Trade Organization (WTO) is the only global international organization
dealing with the rules of trade between nations. At its heart are the