World War II,
Both Hitler and Mussolini
had felt betrayed by the
terms of the Versailles
Treaty of 1919.
Italy was promised
territory for siding with
the Allies and many Germans
were now living outside of
the German state.
By the m
The Cold War Era and Decolonization
Paris Student Uprising, May 1968
Palestinian Refugee Camp, 1948
The Three World Order
Three World Order
In the aftermath of WW2, a global political realignment occurred.
Two new superpowers emerged out of th
A New World Order?
The End of the Cold War, Globalization,
and Geopolitics, 1970-present
With the collapse of the socialist world around 1990, the three world
order that began after the end of WW2 also came to an e
Asia in the 20th Century
During the era of European imperialism in the 19th
century Europeans wanted access to Asian products and
markets, often intervening in local political affairs or
through military conquest.
The League of Nations, 1920
Economic Crisis in the Weimar Republic
The aftermath of the war and the
Paris Peace Talks had devastating
effects on Europe.
Two intertwined issues:
Origins and conduct of WW1 set the pattern
for 20th century conflicts.
The war destroyed 4 great multinational
WWI: nationalism, war to end the war, women worked I the factory making weapons
since too many men went to the war
Socialist opposed to war (international) vs. Nationalism, often popular among the
upper-middle class people, supported the war b
An Unsettled World
An Unsettled World
At the turn of the 20th century, Europeans and people of
European descent occupied a commanding position in the
They led a world in which scientific and technological
advancements promised to
Wallerstein: World System Theory
Britain and France (core) benefited the most from
Internal Troubles, External
REACTIONS TO SOCIAL AND POLITICAL CHANGE
Throughout the nineteenth century, a new global order
emerged based on the ideas of the French and American
revolutions, laissez-faire capitalism,
The Atlantic upheavals in the 18th century shattered the
old mercantilist system and encouraged economic
transformations that placed Western Europe at the
center of an i
Reordering the World
Political upheavals in the Atlantic world destroyed
the colonial domains of Spain, Portugal, Britain, and
France in the Americas and established numerous
The New Scientific Spirit
Like the Protestant Reformation, the scientific
revolution in the 17th century challenged many of the
beliefs long held by Europeans.
Intellectuals challenged the limits of Aristotl
Science, Part I
Religion and Science
The current debate
evolution vs. intelligent
design has its roots in the
early modern period.
Christianity achieved a
global presence for the
Lecture 5: Religion and Science
1. Science Idea that human knowledge is acquired by the experience and
understanding the fact of the nature. Scientific method. *Find more about the natural
causes. Religion finds supernatural causes. Intelligent design?
Global Commerce and the Rise of
the Atlantic Slave Trade, 1450-1750
World trade both expanded and became more
An ever-wider amount and type of goods were
exchanged across the globe.
None was more important than Ne
On the Threshold of
History 2: The History of World
Civilizations Since 1500
The history of the
human species goes
years and is usually
divided into three
History 2 First Midterm Exam Study Guide
The examination will have two sections. You will need to record all your written answers in a Green
Book and all your multiple choice answers on an 882-E Scantron sheet.
Section 1: (50%) This section wi