Chapter 02 - Personality Assessment, Measurement, and Research Design
Chapter 02
Personality Assessment, Measurement, and Research Design
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What a person tells you about his or her attitudes would be considered
A. S-data.
B. O-d
Full file at http:/testbankwizard.eu/Test-Bank-for-Personality-Psychology-Domains-of-Knowledge-aboutHuman-Nature-5th-Edition-by-Larsen
Chapter 02
Personality Assessment, Measurement, and Research Design
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What a person tells you
Lecture Slides for Note Taking
Health Psychology
Division 38 of the APA
http:/www.health-psych.org
was
established to facilitate collaboration among
psychologists and other health science and health
care professionals interested in the psychological and
Ch. 6
Objectives & Terms
Learning Objectives
1. Discuss historical and current controversy surrounding the genetic analysis of personality.
2. Discuss why behavioral genetics research is controversial, with reference to issues surrounding
ideology conflic
Lesson Module 7
PA RT 1 : ORG A NI Z I NG A ND EVA L U ATI NG YOU R S OU RCES
Tips for organizing your research
Keep track of search terms
Write down your search terms and search term combinations.
Mark terms and combinations that work and cross o
Introduction to the Library
Part 3: Information Types
Student Learning Outcomes:
Distinguish between factual and analytical information
Distinguish between subjective and objective information
Distinguish between primary and secondary sources
About Thi
Google
Searching
Part 1: Basic Search
Part2 : Advanced Search
Google Searching
Part 1: Basic Search Strategies
Develop a Search String
1.
2.
3.
4.
Look at your assignment for clues
Think about what, who, when,
where and why
Get background information
Writ
Getting Started with Research
Part 1: The Research Process
Student Learning Outcomes:
Define Research
Identify the 8 Steps of the Research Process
Know how to develop keywords
Identify ways to focus a topic
What is Research?
Definition of Research
Ca
Introduction to the Library
Part 2: Navigating the College Library
Student Learning Outcomes:
Identify service areas in the IVC Library
Locate materials in the IVC Library
Access the IVC Library Homepage
Locate services and resources on the IVC Homepa
APA Style in MS Word
APA Style Manual
6th Edition
Structure
Professional
Appearance
Most Psychology
professors require it
Open a new
document in Word
and follow along
1
General Formatting
Font
12 pt
Times New Roman (serif,
preferred) or Arial (sans
serif)
Developmental Psychology
H I STORY AN D TH EORY
Field of Child Development
Domains
Physical
Cognitive
Emotional and
Social
Periods of Development
Prenatal
Conception to Birth
Infancy and Toddlerhood
Birth to 2 years
Early Childhood
2 to 6 years
Middle Ch
COGNITIVE
DEVELOPMENT
PA RT 1
COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT RESEARCH
Cognition: inner
processes and
products of the mind
that lead to knowing
Research goals:
Chart typical course
Examine individual
differences
Uncover mechanisms of
cognitive development
Poz
T-TEST HYPOTHESES
The null hypothesis for an independent-samples t-test is:
H0: The means of Group A and Group B are equal (i.e. 1 = 2)
And the alternative hypothesis is:
HA: The means of Group A and Group B are not equal (i.e. 1 2)
You can also rephrase
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Lwdull Statis
Assessing if you have a sufficient sample size
As was stated in the samplesize_req_ui_r_ernents section on page 3, the chi-square test of homogeneity requires a minimum sample size in
order to produce a valid result. One measure of sufcient sample size is
8/28/16
Personality Defined
Personality Psychology
INTRODUCTION
Personality is the set of psychological traits and mechanisms
within the individual that is organized and relatively enduring and
that influences his or her interactions with, and adaptat
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Observation Initials
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ONE-WAY REPEATED MEASURES ANOVA
Pg. 16
SPSS STATISTICS
Interpreting and reporting the descriptive statistics
By this point, you will have analysed your data for outliers and normality, but not yet
interpreted whether the third major assumption of a one-wa
INDEPENDENT-SAMPLES T-TEST Pg.16
SPSS STATISTICS
Descriptive statistics
SPSS Statistics will have generated a Group Statistics table containing some useful
descriptive statistics for your two groups "Male" and "Female" which will help you get a
"feel" for
ONE-WAY ANOVA Pg.17
SPSS STATISTICS
Results when homogeneity of variances is met
You established on the previous page that you have homogeneity of variances. This means
you can interpret the standard one-way ANOVA and, if this test is statistically signif
ONE-WAY ANOVA Pg.18
SPSS STATISTICS
Tukey post hoc test
As has been mentioned previously, if you have no prior hypotheses about which specific groups might differ
or your interest is in all possible pairwise comparisons, you should run a post hoc test tha
PEARSON'S PRODUCT-MOMENT
CORRELATION
SPSS STATISTICS
Reporting
When you report your results, you can simply focus on the main findings, but it is good
practice to also report the results from the assumptions tests you carried out. In this section,
we show
TWO-WAY MIXED ANOVA Pg. 20
SPSS STATISTICS
Determining whether an interaction exists
The primary goal of running a two-way mixed ANOVA is to determine whether there is a
two-way interaction between the between- and within-subjects factors (i.e.,
a group*t
CHI-SQUARE TEST FOR ASSOCIATION
SPSS STATISTICS - Page 8
Interpreting Results
After running the chi-square test for association procedure, SPSS Statistics will have
generated a number of tables that contain all the information you need to report the resul
ODDS RATIO
SPSS STATISTICS
Interpreting Results
After running the Crosstabs. procedure in the previous section, SPSS Statistics will have
generated all the information you need to calculate an odds ratio. In this section, we show
you: (a) how to understan
MULTIPLE REGRESSION Pg.16
SPSS STATISTICS
Understanding the model
The regression procedure in SPSS Statistics is capable of running many different types of
multiple regression including hierarchical multiple regression and stepwise regression. Both
of the
_ are responsible for coating neural fibers with _.
Select one:
a. Neurotransmitters; dopamine
b. Glial cells; myelin
c. Synapses; glial cells
d. Epiphyses; cartilage
Answer: B
A baby who first habituates to a green circle and then recovers to a blue circ
ONE-WAY ANCOVA Pg. 17
SPSS STATISTICS
Descriptive statistics and estimates
The descriptive statistics are discussed first because it is good to have an overall impression of what your
data is showing. The Between-Subjects Factors table (shown below) prese
FAMILY TREE & HEALTH ASSESSMENT
ASSIGNMENT ONE
Instructions: All information provided is completely confidential. To maintain this privacy, please use a
coversheet (APA format) when turning in this three part assignment. Turn in your assignment at the
Obs#
1
2
3
Mean
Stdev
x
150
100
50
y
25
50
75
100
50
50
25
Residual x
50
0
-50
Residual y
-25
0
25
zx
1
0
-1
zy
-1
0
1
Sum of cross
multiplied values
n-1
r=
1. Calculate mean of x and mean of y.
2. Calculate standard deviation of x and standard deviation