SELECTED PASSAGES FROM ARISTOTLES NICOMACHEAN ETHICS [for close reading]:
[THE SUPREME GOOD]
If it is true that in the sphere of action there is an end* which we wish for its own sake, and for the
sake of which we wish everything else, and that we do not
1. What is philosophy?
Broad sense: pursuit of knowledge (Plato, Newton, Smith, et al.)
Narrow (and contemporary) sense: an inevitable aspect of pursuit of knowledge (relative to any activity or
pursuit). Stepping back, focusing on what is most fundamenta
Reading assignment 1:
Some philosophical (and
(The elements of this reading are taken from a much larger
document that I give to my Introduction to Philosophy students. Do bear in
mind that Philosophy 2 is a philosophy course, and thus
PLATOS EUTHYPHRO & the Divine Command Theory
Platos dialogue Euthyphro (well focus only on the first half of this dialogue)
My LECTURE NOTES re the Divine Command Theory, which is closely
associated with Platos dialogue
Here we have one of
What is Ethics?
The term Ethics refers to several related things. For instance, it refers to moral
standards (what is right and wrong) that guide our lives.
In academia, Ethics refers specifically to one of the main branches of the field of
Last Euthyphro/DCT lecture:
What is an apologist?
Rooting meaning of apology is defense. (C. Platos Apology, which is Socrates defense in court.)
An apologist for the Obama administration is not someone who apologizes for it; it is rather
On the complexity of human happiness (and the Paradox of Hedonism)
To feel the full force of the paradox of hedonism the reader should conduct an experiment in his
imagination. Imagine a person (let's call him Jones") who is, first of all, devoid of intel
What is an apologist?
Root meaning of apology is defense. (C. Platos Apology, which is Socrates defense against charges
of impiety in court.) An apologist for the Obama administration is not someone wh
In class, I quoted an alleged remark by the French physicist
Pierre-Simon Laplace. As it turns out, evidently, the story is
apocryphal. That is, it never actually occurred. (Youll recall that,
according to Feinberg, the Abe Lincoln and the pigs story was
STUDY GUIDE MIDTERM (draft)
PHIL. 2 ETHICS
1. What is the central issue of the Republic?
2. What is Thracymachus curious definition of justice? (Would Thracymachus agree that being just is
desirable for itself? For its consequences?)
William James the Will to Believe Summary pp. 180-188
The argument states that belief can be seen in terms of what are called live and dead hypotheses.
So, in choosing between two hypotheses or options such as God exists and God does not exist it
Saint Thomas Aquinas Summa Theologiae Summary pp. 172-180
Summa considers the nature and extent of sacred doctrine, or theology. Question 2 of part 1
concerns the existence of God and is subdivided into three Articles. In the First Article, Aquinas
Paper Topics for Introduction to Philosophy
Skeptics (Descartes and Hume) suggest that we cannot have any knowledge.
But if so, that means we must be content with mere belief. Is there any way
out of skepticism about the external world? Or, should be ske
Speech and Debate Showcase Analysis
Speech #1: The first speech was an informative speech informing the audience about kids with
speaking impairments and how the school education system in America needs to adjust to kids
with different communicate impairm
Aristotle: Nicomachean Ethics Summary pp.153-166
Nicomachean Ethics is a philosophical inquiry into the nature of the good life for a human being.
Aristotle begins the work by positing that there exists some ultimate good toward. Ethical virtue
"is a habi
Summary on John Stuart Mills Utilitarianism Reading pp. 133-153
Mill observes that many people misunderstand utilitarianism by interpreting utility as in
opposition to pleasure. In reality, utility is defined as pleasure itself, and the absence of pain.
Summary on the Elements of Moral Philosophy by James Rachels pp. 199
Elements of Moral Philosophy by James Rachels begins by attempting to define morality.
Rachel expresses different cultures have unique customs and ways of thinking. It may be difficult
Summary on Facing Up to the Problems of Consciousness pp. 94-109
Chalmers distinguishes easy problems of consciousness from the hard problems. Chalmers
describes what he calls the easy problems of consciousness as essentially anything that boils
down to t