DIVERSITY AND CLASSIFICATION OF FLOWERING PLANTS:
GENERAL AND BASAL EUDICOTS: RANUNCULALES AND PROTEALES
1. Name and describe the major apomorphy of the Eudicots.
Triaperturate or triaperturate-derived pollen.
2. Name t
DIVERSITY AND CLASSIFICATION OF FLOWERING PLANTS:
AMBORELLALES, NYMPHAEALES, AUSTROBAILEYALES, MAGNOLIIDS, CERATOPHYLLALES, AND
1. What is the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group system of classification and what ranking
EVOLUTION AND FLOWERING PLANTS
1. What is another name for the flowering plants?
Angospermae, or angiosperms.
2. Name the apomorphies of the flowering plants.
Flowers (usually with a perianth); stamens wit
EVOLUTION AND DIVERSITY OF WOODY AND SEED PLANTS
1. What are the major evolutionary novelties for the lignophytes?
The vascular cambium and cork cambium, producing wood and outer bark.
2. Describe the cel
EVOLUTION AND DIVERSITY OF VASCULAR PLANTS
VASCULAR PLANT APOMORPHIES
1. What is the formal, scientific name for the vascular plants?
2. Name the major apomorphies of the vascular plants.
Sporophyte independent, lo
EVOLUTION AND DIVERSITY OF GREEN AND LAND PLANTS
1. What are two formal names for the green plants?
Viridiplantae or Chlorobionta
2. What are apomorphies for the green plants?
Cellulosic cell wall; specialized type
OVERVIEW, TAXON SELECTION, AND CHARACTER ANALYSIS
1. Define phylogeny and give the name of the branching diagram that represents phylogeny.
Phylogeny refers to the evolutionary history or pattern of desc
PLANT SYSTEMATICS: AN OVERVIEW
1. What is a plant? In what two conceptual ways can the answer to this question be approached?
a) By the characteristics they possess. Historically, plants included those organisms that poss
Introductory Notes To Comparative Vertebrate Anatomy
(Lifted from George Kents Comparative Anatomy of the Vertebrates)
Chordates are animals with a notochord and pharyngeal pouches in
the embryo at least, and a dorsal hollow central nervous system.
How They Act as fixatives?
1. Acetic acid
Acetic acid is never used alone but is often combined with other fixatives that cause
shrinkage such as ethanol and methanol. Acetic acid penetrates thoroughly and rapidly but
lyses red blood cells.
1. What is the relationship between phylogeny and ontogeny?
Ontogeny is the origin and development of an individual organism from embryo to adult., while Phylogeny is the evolutionary
development and history of a species or higher taxonomic grouping of or
There are five major groups of fixatives, classified according to mechanism of action:
include formaldehyde (formalin) and glutaraldehyde.
Tissue is fixed by cross-linkages formed in
In the development of the femur in mammals how does the bone
grow from its embryonic start to its adult size?
"Ossification is the term for the formation of bone. There are two
ways that bone can ossify during embryonic development. Each way
has its ow
Endocytosis is primarily a process by which the cell internalizes cell-surface receptors
and bound extracellular ligands.
Endocytosis can be divided broadly into two categories:
Bulk-phase endocytosis and receptor-mediated endocytosis.
1. The integument of vertebrates consists of
epidermis and dermis. The epidermis is a
stratified epithelium and gives rise to skin
glands. ln terrestrial forms it has a surface
layer (stratum corneum) of dead, keratinized
Facing the Giants
Facing the Giants was a great film. The cast perform well. The title itself tells a lot of
lessons, especially lessons that will makes us strong in facing the challenges in our life and how
strong our faith in God. These
Dr. Kenyon G. Daniel
There is nothing that I personally can do to let you into
There are no waiting lists or special permits in the
Biology department to allow you into a class that is
Biology, 8e (Campbell) Chapter 21 Genomes and Their Evolution Multiple-Choice Questions 1) For mapping studies of genomes, most of which were far along before 2000, the 3-stage method was often used. Which is the usual order in which the stages were perfo
Biology, 8e (Campbell) Chapter 33 Invertebrates Multiple-Choice Questions 1) Which cells in a sponge are primarily responsible for trapping and removing food particles from circulating water? A) choanocytes B) mesoglea cells C) pore cells (porocytes) D) e
Biology, 8e (Campbell) Chapter 32 An Introduction to Animal Diversity Multiple-Choice Questions 1) Which of the following terms or structures is properly associated only with animals? A) Hox genes B) cell wall C) autotrophy D) sexual reproduction E) chiti
Biology, 8e (Campbell) Chapter 31 Fungi Multiple-Choice Questions 1) Which of the following do all fungi have in common? A) meiosis in basidia B) coenocytic hyphae C) sexual life cycle D) absorption of nutrients E) symbioses with algae Answer: D Topic: Co
Biology, 8e (Campbell) Chapter 30 Plant Diversity II: The Evolution of Seed Plants Multiple-Choice Questions 1) The sporophytes of mosses depend on the gametophytes for water and nutrition. In seed plants, the reverse is true. From which seed plant sporop
Biology, 8e (Campbell) Chapter 29 Plant Diversity I: How Plants Colonized Land Multiple-Choice Questions 1) The most recent common ancestor of all land plants was probably similar to modern-day members of which group? A) green algae B) red algae C) charop
Biology, 8e (Campbell) Chapter 28 Protists Multiple-Choice Questions 1) Protists are alike in that all are A) unicellular. B) eukaryotic. C) symbionts. D) monophyletic. E) autotrophic. Answer: B Topic: Concept 28.1 Skill: Knowledge/Comprehension 2) Biolog
Biology, 8e (Campbell) Chapter 26 Phylogeny and the Tree of Life Multiple-Choice Questions 1) The legless condition that is observed in several groups of extant reptiles is the result of A) their common ancestor having been legless. B) a shared adaptation
Biology, 8e (Campbell) Chapter 25 The History of Life on Earth Multiple-Choice Questions 1) Which gas was least abundant in Earth's early atmosphere, prior to 2 billion years ago? A) O2 B) CO2 C) CH4 D) H2O E) NH3 Answer: A Topic: Concept 25.1 Skill: Know
Biology, 8e (Campbell) Chapter 24 The Origin of Species Multiple-Choice Questions 1) Which of the following statements about species, as defined by the biological species concept, is (are) correct? I. Biological species are defined by reproductive isolati
Biology, 8e (Campbell) Chapter 23 The Evolution of Populations Multiple-Choice Questions 1) Which of these is a statement that Darwin would have rejected? A) Environmental change plays a role in evolution. B) The smallest entity that can evolve is an indi