Psychology 101. Learning.
A relatively durable change in behavior or knowledge due to experience.
Simplest form of learning; involves learning an association between a stimulus and a response.
Stimulus- Something in the envir
Mohan Moorthy. Study Guide for Test 1. Syllabus.
1. Your grade in this class will be determined by your performance on Tests,
Concept Checks and completion of the Research Participation Requirement.
2. 4 Tests and 1 final exam. 3. 4 Semester tests, worth
Chapter 2 Study Guide Classical Conditioning When a something responds to something else, when it originally responded to something else. USC Something that evokes a response w/o previous conditioning. UCR A reaction to something w/o any previous conditio
PGS 101: Dr. Cavanaugh Study Guide #2: Fall 2010 What: Test #2 Who: YOU! Where: The usual place When: Wednesday, October 6th during class Why: Why ask why? BRING: A #2 pencil, an eraser, tissues (if you have allergies or a cold) and your ASU SunCard. The
Why Do We Dream?
Freud: Dreams:Royal road to the unconscious. Allow for wish fulfillment. Two aspects of dreams:
Manifest content: obvious, conscious, concrete parts of the dream Latent content: unconscious, hidden aspects of the dream, appear in sym
Variations of Consciousness: part 1 ( Definition, variations and measurement Sleep Circadian rhythms Stages Dreams Sleep Disorders Treating Insomnia
Consciousness: Awareness of internal and external stimuli.
Includes ongoing perceptions, thoughts and fe
Three steps of memory:
o Encoding o Storage o Retrieval
Why do we forget? Ways to improve memory Three Steps of Memory
o Encoding: translation of information into some form that allows it to
o Storage: Retained in the brain for a perio
Negative Reinforcement vs. Punishment Negative reinforcement: Used to increase likelihood of a response being repeated. Response Is rewarded by removal of an unpleasant stimulus. Examples:
o Aspirin. o Bully. o Use of toilet.
Punishment: Used to decreas
Form of learning in which voluntary responses come to be controlled by their consequences. Rewarded or Reinforced behavior is more likely to repeated
o Positive Reinforcement: Reward the follows a response, Increases the
Some definitions Classical Conditioning
o Terms & examples o Generalization, Discrimination, Extinction, Spontaneous Recovery
Reinforcement schedules Negative reinforcement vs. punishment Some Definitions Learni
Psychology 101 Learning.,continued.
Classical Conditioning (Continued)
Gradual Weakening and disappearance of conditioned stimulus. Occurs after conditioned stimulus is presented several times without the unconditioned stimulus.
Chapter 1 Terms. Biology- Scientific study of living things. Unicellular- Consisting of a single cell that carries out all the functions of life. Multicellular- Made up of many cells that are specialized for different functions. Acellular- Depends on cell