Geology Final Exam Review Questions Steve Roecker
Questions from Fall 2013
Key: Number) Question: Answer
1) The most abundant element in the core of the Earth is: Iron
2) The most abundant element on the Earth is: Oxygen
3) Least abundant on Earth is: * a
Geology Exam #1 Review Questions Steve Roecker
Fall 2013 Questions
Key: Number. Answer -> Q: Original Question?
1. Atom -> Q: Smallest individual particle retaining properties of an element
2. Element -> Q: Fundamental substances into which matter can be
Geology Exam #2 Review Questions Steve Roecker
Key: Number) Question
1) What is a clastic sedimentary rock composed of?
a. Fragmentary Material
2) How is dolostone different from limestone?
a. Dolostone has more Mg
3) What are cross beds?
Quiz #1 Review Questions - Plate Tectonics, Volcanoes,
Earthquakes and Earth's Interior
Geology 1100: Steve Roecker, Fall 2013
1) Continental Drift <- Question: alfred wegner; 1915; all the continents fit
together at one point
2) Glossopteris <- Question:
GEOLOGY 1100 - Groundwater Quiz Review
Steve Roecker, Fall 2013
Key: Number) A: Answer Question: _?
1) A: Sinkholes - Question: A depression in the ground that forms by the solution
of the underlying carbonate rocks by the collapse:
2) A: Cavern
Clastic rocks: Detrital sediment or detritus
Broken down older rocks derived from weathering transportation and deposition. The
broken pieces are called clasts
rocks with rounded clasts are conglomerates. Those with angular clasts are breccias
Geology 1100 Quiz # 3
Deformation and Geologic structures & Geologic time
1. Uniformitarianism <- Geology laws that today, worked in the past
2. Law of superposition <- Each bed is older than the one above it and y
Quiz 2 Review: lecture notes 4
1. Know the meaning of the basic ways of classifying elements (e.g., Atomic Number, Mass
Number, Atomic Mass Unit).
The most important chemical characteristics of an atom (i.e., what makes it a certain "element") is
Quiz 3 Review: lecture notes 5
1. Effects of pressure, temperature, and water on melting of rocks
-Pressure increases with depth in a fairly predictable way (lithostatic) due to the rocks piled on
top. The rate depends on the density profile of the Earth;
Quiz 1 Review: lecture notes 1-3
1. Know what the "rule of 70" means for population growth, and how to apply it.
We often use as a benchmark the number of years it takes for a population to double
(the Doubling Time)
Pn/P0 = 2 = (1 + GR)n
Quiz 4 Review: lecture notes 6
1. Know the effects of pressure release on intrusive rocks
Rocks formed deep in the earth's crust (e.g. granitoids) are formed under high pressures, due to
the weight of the overlying rocks. As the rock move
Lithification the transformation of loose sediment into solid rock through compaction and cementation Mudstone very fine grained sedimentary rock that will not easily split into sheets Organic sedimentary rock sedimentary rock (such as coal) that is forme
Geology 1100 Steve Roecker
Quiz 7: Chapters #11, 12
Review Questions & Terms
uplift and pluton emplacement <-Domes are created by.
outside <-Domes youngest strata are on the.
inside <-Basins youngest strata are on the.
Faults <-Fractures in the Earth alon
Differential stress - a condition causing a material to experience a push or pull in one direction of a greater magnitude than the push or pull in another direction; in some cases, differential stress can result in shearing Dynamic metamorphism metamorphi
aa a lava flow with a rubbly surface Active volcano a volcano that has erupted within the past few centuries and will likely erupt again Aerosols tiny solid particles or liquid droplets that remain suspended in the atmosphere Caldera a large circular depr
A Young and Dynamic Science Nicolaus Steno (1638-1686) o Fossils 1669
James Hutton (1726-1797) o o o o Father of Geology Theory of the Earth 1785 Uniformitarianism No vestige of a beginning, no prospect of an end
Charles Lyell o Principles of Geology 1830
Classical Evidence for Drift
Fit of continents Fossils
Mesosaurus Glossopteris (seed fern)
Southern glaciations Tropical North America Tethys Coral
Rock types and structures
Old mountain belts Rocks of Devonian time Acadian mounta
Brief Highlights of Earth History 4600 Origin of solar system molten earth differentiates; first atmosphere from out gassing has no free oxygen 3500 Earliest fossils single celled bacteria, prokaryotic cell, no nucleus, asexual reproduction; anaerobic 250
Richard Germade-Craan Conflicting Views on Alternate Forms of Energy Wind Power
December 3, 2010 Geology 1100
Many people are starting to feel the desire to go green and reduce our reliance on fossil fuels so that we may lower the rate at which carbon dio
ERTH 1100 GEOLOGY 1: EARTHS INTERIOR Instructor: Dave De Simone, [email protected]; SC 1W-13, 276-2372. Class meetings: Monday & Thursday, 10AM noon Lab meetings: Wednesdays, 3 sectionsyou must take the lab to receive credit for this course. Requi
Day M W R M W R M W R M W R M W R M W R T W R M W R M W R M W R M W R M W R M W R
Date Topic/Lab 30-Aug Structure of the Earth; Continental drift 1-Sep No Labs 2-Sep Sea floor spreading & plate tectonics 6-Sep No class 8-Sep Lab #1 - Mineral properties 9-
Geo I - Lab 7
Approx. Age: Middle
Ordovician Era (440-460
Description: Black Shale- tilted vert, mixed rock with cleavages.
This section of rock called Black Shale foun
Review Terms Ground Water and Geologic Time
Relative dating - placing geological events in their chronological order
Absolute dating - uses various radio active decay dating techniques to assign ages in
years before pr
Exam 1 Review: Lecture Notes 1-6
1. Know what is meant by Occam's razor.
So given an infinite number of explanations, what can you do? Because there are an infinite
number of probable explanations for an observation, we generally follo