1. Explain the difference between the work flow and organizational structure.
Work flow depends on organizational structure. Organizational structure refers to the formal
or informal relationship between people in organization. Work flow is the way work i
Camgoz, M. S.; Karapinar, P. B. (2011), Managing Job Satisfaction: The Mediating Effect of
Procedural Fairness. International Journal of Business and Social Science, Vol. 2 No. 8.
Chen, C. C, Meindl ,J.R., and Hui, H. (1998), Deciding on equity or parity
5.1.10 Education is added as a variable (EDU), as well as, in interactional form with DJ (DJ x
ED), PJ (PJ x ED), IJ (IJ x ED) and InJ (InJ x ED) to test whether education moderates the
relationship between DJ and JS, between PJ and JS, between IJ and JS,
raise, a promotion, a better shift, an extra day off, a better serving area, and so on. Whatever the
incentive, it is important that employees understand what the rewards are for and how they are
allocated. In addition, many employees in the public and pr
Table 4.17 (c)
Education as a moderator in IJ-JS relationship
Coefficients Coefficients T
Std. Error Beta
interactional justice and informational justice have been found determining employees job
satisfaction; the procedural justice appears to be an insignificantly contributing factor.
Third, the moderating variable education has appeared statistically signif
Hypothesis H5 states that Organizational justice and its four facets differ across
employees service experience. The analysis of the services record of employees show that their
experiences held between half year to a maximum of 32 years; this resea
Summary, Conclusion and Recommendations
5.1 Summary of findings
The reliability test of various constructs, relating to various variables, namely Job
satisfaction (JS), Distributive justice (DJ), Procedural justice (PJ), Interactive justic
Moderational effect of various education levels on OJ-JS relationship
Formula (as per equation 4.5)
JS/DJ = -0.588 + .045(EDU=12)
JS/DJ = -0.588 + .045(EDU=14)
and informational justice prevail up to the level necessary for employees job satisfaction; in
other words, the results support the idea that employees are satisfied at least with regards to the
prevalence of three sub-dimensions of organizational justice
Perry & Porter (1982), Factors Affecting the Context for Motivation in Public Organizations.
Academy of Management Review 7:1:89-98
Rainey, H.; Pandey, S.; and Bozeman, B. (1995) Research Note: Public and Private
Managers' Perceptions of Red Tape. Public
Improve Level of COMMUNICATION
Communication is a vital part of personal life
and is also important in business, education,
and any other
Such minor expenses are called petty expenses, and the cash kept in the office to
meet them is called petty cash fund. These payments are recorded in a special book
called petty cash book.
Petty Cash Book
Why Beauty Matters
Why Beauty Matters
Identification of Article
Aristotle used to say that personal beauty was a better introduction than any letter.
-Diogenes Laertius, The Lives and Opinions of the Eminent Philosoph
1. Explain the meaning and importance of managing diversity in organization.
T o survive and prosper in an increasingly heterogeneous society, organizations must
capitalize on employee diversity as a source of competitive advantage. Management of
In the modern business within the framework of capitalist society, human resources management is
an important link in this sensitive process. Although this science is relatively young and in our country
this is still not given sufficient at
1. List cost and benefits associated with employee separation.
RECRUITMENT COSTS The costs associated with recruiting a replacement may include
advertising the job vacancy and using a professional recruiter to travel to various locations
The first instinct that all people have is instinct for survival. One of the examples of that is the
fact that new born baby can swim, her body recognize water as a threat and baby will swim to
survive. But instinct for survival will work just if threat i
1. Explain the meaning and importance of market segmentation.
Market segmentation can be defined as the process of dividing the market up into distinct
subgroups of customers who display common characteristics and then selecting one or more
4. The earnings of piece-rate workers usually exceed those of hourly paid workers performing the
same tasks. Theory suggests three reasons why. What are they?
Piece-rate pay, under which workers earn a certain amount for each item produced, is the most
Chapter 5 Homework
1. Discuss the likely customer decision process for the purchase of a new electri guitar.
Firstly, customer has to recognize a need for a guitar. Professional musicians, someone who
starts to learn how to play, elderly people who wants
Hanka Buza 1210092
Case 1: Job Title Inflation Runs Rampant in Businesses
1. Why are companies offering employees inflated job titles? Do you agree with this
practice? Justify your position.
There is few reasons why companies do this. One expla
Table 4.15 (b)
Table 4.15 (c)
hypothesis H5 is therefore accepted for three cases of justices (distributive, interactional and
informational), and rejected for procedural justice. It suggests that employees are differently
treated on the basis of services experiences in all case but p
on responses on the stated types of justices across different educational levels, with the exception
of the case of interactive justice where the difference across educational levels is statistically
significance. The hypothesis H4 is therefore rejected f
The research model for this study is presented below
Figure: 2.1 Research Frame Work
The research questions and objectives discussed earlier can best be pursued through testing of the
respective hypotheses set, as fol
dictate flexibility and responsiveness in both process and outcomes for survival. In theory then,
private-sector organizations are likely to be less encumbered by rules and regulations. In
addition, organizational effectiveness is more readily measured in
made turnover expectations, job satisfaction. The OJ had an in number effect on the exhibition of
Sohail and Nuhu (2010) presented the effect of OJ on agreeability of laborers working in Saudi
Arabia and utilized distributive, procedural and interac
procedural justice included associations between LMX (guide part trade), job satisfaction,
organizational responsibility and propositions.
By utilizing the meta-logical strategies of about 183 studies the connection between
organizational justice and effe
Interactional justice dependent upon the work of Bies and Moag (1986) who recognized between
the nature of the formal organizational systems and the way they are supported, to suggest that
workers moreover accepted that how honestly they are treated by le