How does one achieve MOKSHA?
Path of Devotion (Bhakti Yoga)
Path of Knowledge (Jnana Yoga)
Path of Action (Karma Yoga)
Path of Yoga (Raja Yoga)
1) Path of Devotion (Bhakti Yoga)
How is Liberation attained?
Reliance on God
Daily rituals subjug
Chinese Popular Rituals & Festivals
Chinese religion also called diffused religion indigenous religions before Buddhism
Methods of Divination consulting spiritual realm for advice
Joss Sticks - Joss Sticks are the boxes full of sticks with numb
What is Chinese Popular Religion = Diffuse Religion = Chinese popular religion
Shang Dynasty (1766-1122 BCE) -1200 years before Buddhism, one of the earliest
dynasties in China
Where did the Shang Dynasty beg
HINDU COSMOLOGY (WORLDVIEWS)
How did the world originate (according to the Vedas)?
There is no single view
Story of the Golden Embryo
Golden embryo rose up from the ocean
the shell became the earth; the other the sky
What are six common features of every religious tradition?
One must belong to a single tradition
Religion is something that you become a member of
Religion involves worship of a higher being
Importance of dogmatic/scriptu
What does its mean to be called a Hindu?
Anyone that is not Muslim
Who is the most famous Hindu in North America?
What are the origins of the word Hinduism?
The term Hinduism was created by the British in the 1800s (w
How are the Vedas divided?
1) Rg Veda (oldest) 1000 hymns contains poetry
2) Sama , soma sacred drink of god
3) Yajur rituals, fire sacrifices
4) Atharva (newest) sacred charms (mantras)
*the collections continued to grow from 1000 BCE to 300 BCE
Concept of Time
There is creation and destruction. Time is cyclical.
Four Cycles of Time (YUGAS - ages):
1) Krita Yuga (golden age) - a time of truth and righteousness World is relatively
peaceful, long lives follow dharma, uphold rituals auspici
Purported Founder: Laozi Old Master title
-born in 604 BCE, Stayed for 8 years in his mother
-hagiography: conceived after a mother saw a falling star
-palace secretary and record keeper at court in Luoyang (ancient
Chinese were o
The Problem Why is there disharmony in society?
Confucianism: Criticize society
when people in power dont act appropriately, corruption and mistrust in the
government trickles to the rest of society, so mandate of haven is lost
People should be ed
Narrative Texts 400 BCE to 400 CE
Upanishads questioning existence through conversation of teacher and students
Epics Warriors stories about dharma and devotion (bhakti)
Dying in battle
Ten Things You Might Not Have Known About Islam
The presentation of Ten Things You Might Not Have Known About Islam, covered
many topics related to the teachings and followings of Islam. However, the main ideas that I
found the most captivating includ