Strongest arguments that it is not wrong to copy software
1. The government does not have the clear regulation on copying software.
2. A - people do not think it is natural wrong when a person make a copy.
B - people won't be hurt when someone copies soft
Two types of sexual harassment
1. Quid pro quo(something for something) - Taking the sexual benefits from others in
exchange of their promotion or opportunities.
2. Hostile environment - The working condition is bad for people who refuse to offer sexual
The digital divide
Digital divide is created when there is differences between groups that have access to
information and groups that have no access or limited access to information.
Since most information come from western countries,
The myth of free choice in employment
Even though most people can have many free choices of choosing which work they want to do
to make money, impecunious people only have little options which has poor working conditions
and provides lower wages; those po
The ideal conditions of pure competition
1. Pure competition among firms; no firms will be powerful enough to determine the
price of the market.
2. labour and capital can be changed freely.
3. Consumers have all the information about the goods and service
Kantian ethics: an action is considered morally right if this action has right motivation.
Categorical imperative versions 1 and 2
Categorical imperative version 1: every action that is considered morally right should be
Inequality from another view that we cannot look at history as what Nozick describe in
his three principle of justice, better to look at whether or not we would agree to the
current distribution in the society. Because it is hard to be others, we dont kno
The theory of consumer demand (2 propositions)
1. No matter how many goods are given to satisfy needs, the urgency of want does not
2. The wants of consumers depends on their personality, age and preferences
How advertising creates wants
Why considerations of loyalty should not arise in considering whether
to blow the whistle
Duska thinks that loyalty only occurs between persons; company is not person.
Why loyalty is only appropriate between persons
Persons are entities of their own that
The nature of whistleblowing
Whistleblowers want to blow the whistle within the company, because they think their
company is threatening public interest.
Whistleblowers think the company is hurting the public interest (e.g.,)abuses the
company resources f
Friedrich von Hayek: The Non Sequitur of the
Dependence Effect (P 334) if the
want is created, then is not urgent
Why most of our unsatisfied wants are not created by production
Because those unsatisfied wants are created naturally when customers realize
This approach is used to compare the cost of a project and the potential benefit of the
same project; if the cost is greater than benefit, then this project is not worth it. (how
much they are willing to pay for the specific products
Three dimensions of bullying
1. Physical(body) or verbal (oral)
2. Active(behavior) or passive(refusing to perform a behaviour)
3. Direct(at the target who will be bullied) or indirect(at the target tangible or intangible
belongings) Tangible like cups, b
The idealist account
The employees should devour themselves to company, which forbids whistleblowing.
Problem is that company is not capable of being as a loyal objects.
The common sense account (Oldenquist)
Employees take the interest of company
Many ethnic groups use a distinctive language
To signal their ethnic identity
Maori speakers of English in N. Z. routinely use:
Maori greetings: kia ora
emphatic phrases: e ki
softening tags: ne,
even when neither speaker i
Steepest angle a slope can maintain without collapsing
The exact angle varies depending on the material
* at the angle of repose, shear stress is exactly balanced by shear
FoS is equal or just above 1.0
Assess the balance between the strength of
Legitimate and illegitimate grounds for discrimination
Even though there is antidiscrimination law out there, people who are not attractive
always face illegitimate workplace discrimination.
Discrimination based on attractiveness
People tend to believe th
Why capitalism is natural
Capitalism introduces the division of labour; however, only humans are able to do this; no any
other creatures have abilities to do this. As a result, we can say that capitalism is natural of
Division of labour
We human ar
How new technology gives rise to moral issues
Thompson refers to the new advanced technology which can freely access to the brain
of the person without that persons permission; this kind new technology harms the
right of metal privacy, which is cons