Thinking and Language
cognition: all the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing, remembering, and communicating.
concept: a mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas, or people.
prototype: a mental image or best exampl
Chapter 14 part 3
Social Relations: how we relate to one another.
prejudice: an unjustifiable (and usually negative) attitude toward a group and its
members. Prejudice generally involves stereotyped beliefs, negative feelings, and a
Chatper 14 Notes Part 1
Social psychologists focus on the situation. They study the social
influences that explain why the same person will act differently in different
attribution theory: We can attribute the behavior to the persons stable,
8.7 Improving Memory
8-19How can you use memory research
to do better in this and other
Biologys findings benefit medicine. Botanys findings benefit
agriculture. So, too, can psychologys research on memory
benefit education. Sprinkled th
11.4.2 Wanting to Belong
The need to belong colors our thoughts and emotions. We spend a
great deal of time thinking about actual and hoped-for
relationships. When relationships form, we often feel joy. Falling in
mutual love, people have been known to fe
12.4 Experienced Emotion
12-9What are some basic emotions, and
two dimensions help
How many distinct emotions are there? Carroll Izard (1977)
isolated 10 basic emotions (joy, interest-excitement,
surprise, sadness, anger, disgust,
Treating Psychological Disorders
psychotherapy: treatment involving psychological techniques; consists of interactions
between a trained therapist and someone seeking to overcome psychological difficulties
or achieve personal growth.
psychological disorder: deviant, distressful, and dysfunctional patterns of thoughts, feelings, or behaviors.
Being different (deviant) from most other people in ones culture is part of what it takes to define a
Emotions, Stress, and Health
Cognition and Emotion
Emotion: a response of the whole organism, involving (1) physiological arousal, (2) expressive behaviors, and (3)
James-Lange theory: the theory that our experience of emo
Chapter 11 Motivation and Work
Beginning with the most basic needs, which of the following represents the correct
sequence of needs in the hierarchy described by Maslow?
belongingness and love;
Chapter 14 part 2
Social psychologys great lesson is the enormous power of social
influence. This influence can be seen in our conformity, our
obedience to authority, and our group behavior.
Conformity: Complying With Social Pressures