Chapter 5
The Laws of Motion
CHAPTE R OUTLI N E
5.1 The Concept of Force 5.2 Newtons First Law and Inertial Frames 5.3 Mass 5.4 Newtons Second Law 5.5 The Gravitational Force and Weight 5.6 Newtons Third Law 5.7 Some Applications of Newtons Laws 5.8 Force
Chapter 24
Gausss Law
CHAPTE R OUTLI N E
24.1 Electric Flux 24.2 Gausss Law 24.3 Application of Gausss Law to Various Charge Distributions 24.4 Conductors in Electrostatic Equilibrium 24.5 Formal Derivation of Gausss Law
L In a table-top plasma ball, the
Electricity and Magnetism
W
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4
e now study the branch of physics concerned with electric and magnetic phenomena. The laws of electricity and magnetism have a central role in the operation of such devices as radios, televisions, electric motors, comp
Chapter 22
Heat Engines, Entropy, and the Second Law of Thermodynamics
CHAPTE R OUTLI N E
22.1 Heat Engines and the Second Law of Thermodynamics 22.2 Heat Pumps and Refrigerators 22.3 Reversible and Irreversible Processes 22.4 The Carnot Engine 22.5 Gasol
Chapter 21
The Kinetic Theory of Gases
CHAPTE R OUTLI N E
21.1 Molecular Model of an Ideal Gas 21.2 Molar Specic Heat of an Ideal Gas 21.3 Adiabatic Processes for an Ideal Gas 21.4 The Equipartition of Energy 21.5 The Boltzmann Distribution Law 21.6 Distr
Chapter 20
Heat and the First Law of Thermodynamics
CHAPTE R OUTLI N E
20.1 Heat and Internal Energy 20.2 Specic Heat and Calorimetry 20.3 Latent Heat 20.4 Work and Heat in Thermodynamic Processes 20.5 The First Law of Thermodynamics 20.6 Some Application
Thermodynamics
e now direct our attention to the study of thermodynamics, which involves situations in which the temperature or state (solid, liquid, gas) of a system changes due to energy transfers. As we shall see, thermodynamics is very successful in e
Chapter 18
Superposition and Standing Waves
CHAPTE R OUTLI N E
18.1 Superposition and Interference 18.2 Standing Waves 18.3 Standing Waves in a String Fixed at Both Ends 18.4 Resonance 18.5 Standing Waves in Air Columns 18.6 Standing Waves in Rods and Mem
Chapter 17
Sound Waves
CHAPTE R OUTLI N E
17.1 Speed of Sound Waves 17.2 Periodic Sound Waves 17.3 Intensity of Periodic Sound Waves 17.4 The Doppler Effect 17.5 Digital Sound Recording 17.6 Motion Picture Sound
L Human ears have evolved to detect sound w
Chapter 16
Wave Motion
CHAPTE R OUTLI N E
16.1 Propagation of a Disturbance 16.2 Sinusoidal Waves 16.3 The Speed of Waves on Strings 16.4 Reection and Transmission 16.5 Rate of Energy Transfer by Sinusoidal Waves on Strings 16.6 The Linear Wave Equation
L
Oscillations and Mechanical Waves
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e begin this new part of the text by studying a special type of motion called periodic motion. This is a repeating motion of an object in which the object continues to return to a given position after a xed tim
Chapter 14
Fluid Mechanics
CHAPTE R OUTLI N E
14.1 Pressure 14.2 Variation of Pressure with Depth 14.3 Pressure Measurements 14.4 Buoyant Forces and Archimedess Principle 14.5 Fluid Dynamics 14.6 Bernoullis Equation 14.7 Other Applications of Fluid Dynami
Chapter 13
Universal Gravitation
CHAPTE R OUTLI N E
13.1 Newtons Law of Universal Gravitation 13.2 Measuring the Gravitational Constant 13.3 Free-Fall Acceleration and the Gravitational Force 13.4 Keplers Laws and the Motion of Planets 13.5 The Gravitatio
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Chapter 12
C H A P T E R 1 2 Static Equilibrium and Elasticity
Static Equilibrium and Elasticity
CHAPTE R OUTLI N E
12.1 The Conditions for Equilibrium 12.2 More on the Center of Gravity 12.3 Examples of Rigid Objects in Static Equilibrium 12.4 Elasti
Chapter 11
Angular Momentum
CHAPTE R OUTLI N E
11.1 The Vector Product and Torque 11.2 Angular Momentum 11.3 Angular Momentum of a Rotating Rigid Object 11.4 Conservation of Angular Momentum 11.5 The Motion of Gyroscopes and Tops 11.6 Angular Momentum as
Chapter 10
Rotation of a Rigid Object About a Fixed Axis
CHAPTE R OUTLI N E
10.1 Angular Position, Velocity, and Acceleration 10.2 Rotational Kinematics: Rotational Motion with Constant Angular Acceleration 10.3 Angular and Linear Quantities 10.4 Rotation
Chapter 9
Linear Momentum and Collisions
CHAPTE R OUTLI N E
9.1 Linear Momentum and Its Conservation 9.2 Impulse and Momentum 9.3 Collisions in One Dimension 9.4 Two-Dimensional Collisions 9.5 The Center of Mass 9.6 Motion of a System of Particles 9.7 Roc
Chapter 8
Potential Energy
CHAPTE R OUTLI N E
8.1 Potential Energy of a System 8.2 The Isolated System Conservation of Mechanical Energy 8.3 Conservative and Nonconservative Forces 8.4 Changes in Mechanical Energy for Nonconservative Forces 8.5 Relationsh
Chapter 7
Energy and Energy Transfer
CHAPTE R OUTLI N E
7.1 Systems and Environments 7.2 Work Done by a Constant Force 7.3 The Scalar Product of Two Vectors 7.4 Work Done by a Varying Force 7.5 Kinetic Energy and the WorkKinetic Energy Theorem 7.6 The Non
Chapter 6
Circular Motion and Other Applications of Newtons Laws
CHAPTE R OUTLI N E
6.1 Newtons Second Law Applied to Uniform Circular Motion 6.2 Nonuniform Circular Motion 6.3 Motion in Accelerated Frames 6.4 Motion in the Presence of Resistive Forces 6.
Chapter 4
Motion in Two Dimensions
CHAPTE R OUTLI N E
4.1 The Position, Velocity, and Acceleration Vectors 4.2 Two-Dimensional Motion with Constant Acceleration 4.3 Projectile Motion 4.4 Uniform Circular Motion 4.5 Tangential and Radial Acceleration 4.6 R
Chapter 3
Vectors
CHAPTE R OUTLI N E
3.1 Coordinate Systems 3.2 Vector and Scalar Quantities 3.3 Some Properties of Vectors 3.4 Components of a Vector and Unit Vectors
L These controls in the cockpit of a commercial aircraft assist the pilot in maintainin
Chapter 2
Motion in One Dimension
CHAPTE R OUTLI N E
2.1 Position, Velocity, and Speed 2.2 Instantaneous Velocity and Speed 2.3 Acceleration 2.4 Motion Diagrams 2.5 One-Dimensional Motion with Constant Acceleration 2.6 Freely Falling Objects 2.7 Kinematic
Mechanics
hysics, the most fundamental physical science, is concerned with the basic principles of the Universe. It is the foundation upon which the other sciences astronomy, biology, chemistry, and geologyare based. The beauty of physics lies in the simp
Appendix E Nobel Prizes
All Nobel Prizes in physics are listed (and marked with a P), as well as relevant Nobel Prizes in Chemistry (C). The key dates for some of the scientic work are supplied; they often antedate the prize considerably. 1901 1902 1903 1
Appendix D SI Units
Table D.1
SI Units
SI Base Unit Base Quantity Length Mass Time Electric current Temperature Amount of substance Luminous intensity Name Meter Kilogram Second Ampere Kelvin Mole Candela Symbol m kg s A K mol cd
Table D.2
Some Derived SI
Appendix C Periodic Table of the Elements
Group I
Group II
Transition elements
H
1.007 9
1s
1
Li
6.941
2s 1
3
Be
9.0122
2s 2
4
Symbol
Ca
40.078
4s 2
20
Atomic number Electron configuration
Na
22.990
3s 1
11
Mg
24.305
3s 2
12
Atomic mass
K
39.098
4s 1
19
Appendix B Mathematics Review
These appendices in mathematics are intended as a brief review of operations and methods. Early in this course, you should be totally familiar with basic algebraic techniques, analytic geometry, and trigonometry. The appendic
Appendix A Tables
Table A.1
Conversion Factors
Length m 1 meter 1 centimeter 1 kilometer 1 inch 1 foot 1 mile Mass kg 1 kilogram 1 gram 1 slug 1 atomic mass unit
Note : 1 metric ton
cm 102 1 105 2.540 30.48 1.609
km 10 3 10 5 1 2.540 3.048 1.609
in . 39.3
Answers to Odd-Numbered Problems
CHAPTE R 1
1. 0.141 nm 3. 2.15 5. 4 104 kg/m3 r 13)/3 10 24 g (b) 55.9 u 10 22 g 1026 atoms 9.28 10
23
5. (a) 3.75 m/s 7. (a) 11. 1.34 g
(b) 0 3.8 m/s (c) 4.0 s 2.5 m/s (c) 0 (d) 5.0 m/s
2.4 m/s (b) 104 m/s2 (b)
9. (a) 5.0