Thinking Critically with Psychological Science
I. The Need for Psychological Science
a.i. Why are the answers that flow from the scientific approach more reliable
than those based on intuition and common sense?
Hindsight bias and overc
1. The Brain and Consciousness
a.i. What is the dual processing being revealed by todays cognitive
Scientists studying the underlying consciousness of the
human mind have discovered a two-track system, each with its
I. Thinking and Language
What are the functions of concepts?
Cognition describes all mental activities that we
normal associate with thinking or communicating.
Concepts are used to simplify the world around us.
1. Social Thinking
a.i. How do we tend to explain others behavior and our own?
Attribution theory states that we do this by blaming either
external factors or internal dispositions. There also factors such as
actor and self-bias, where
Minnesota Twin Study
Gerald Levey and Mark Newman
Twins separated in infancy
Both interested in forestry
Both attracted to similar women
Favorite pastimes of both: hunting, fishing, going to the beach, watching John Wayne movi
For my research project I plan to do a paper on the Emotiv Epoc. This is a headset-like
device that attaches to a persons head and is able to read brain signals given off. It translates
these signals into digital computer controls, allowing a person to co
I. Sensation and Perception
a. Sensing the World: Some Basic Principles
What are sensation and perception? What do we mean by
bottom-up processing and top-down processing?
Sensation is how we receive energies form our
1. Describe Piagets 4 stages of cognitive development and give an example of a behavior
from each. For example, you could say that children in the preoperational stage still do
not know what conservation of mass is.
a. First stage: The sensorimotor stage
1. Nervous system: the bodily system that in vertebrates is made up of the brain and spinal
cord, nerves, ganglia, and parts of the receptor organs and that receives and interprets
stimuli and transmits impulses to the effector organs
a. Neuron: grayish o
Mr. Matt Williams
AP Psychology Period 6
7 April 2014
Batman and Bruce Wayne: a Tale of Two Identities
In the Batman: RIP story line, a secret society of extravagantly rich gamblers called the
Black Hand puts Batmans life at risk in ways th
Mr. Mat Williams
12 January 2014
Operant Conditioning Description of Behavior
A behavior that often gets in my way has to do with certain programs I install and
uninstall later on. BlueStacks Android Emulator is a program for
One of the most basic and established forms of learning is that of operant conditioning.
Championed by B. F. Skinner, operant conditioning has its roots in Thorndikes law of effect,
which states that behavior that is reinforced tends to be repeated, and t
a. The Phenomenon of Memory
Memory: the persistence of learning over time through the
storage and retrieval of information
a.iii. Important Studies
David Mitchell did tests to see how memory
Mr. Matt Williams
Summer Reading Assignment
Reading 1: One Brain or Two?
Mr. Michael Gazzaniga wanted to research the relationship between the left and right
brain, and deduct whether each side could function as a separate b
Nature, Nurture, and Human Diversity
a. Behavior Genetics: Predicting Individual Differences
What are genes, and how do behavior geneticists explain
our individual differences?
Genes code for features and parts of us. They
a. What is Intelligence?
What argues for and against considering intelligence as one
general mental ability?
Factor analysis has revealed some commonalities in
different mental abilities, this factor being nam
a. How Do We Learn?
a.i.1. What are some basic forms of learning?
a.i.1.a. Associative learning (classical and operant conditioning)
a.i.1.b. Observational learning
a.ii.1. Learning: a relatively permanent change in