1. Why is Carbon important, how many bonds does it make, and what kind of structures does it make?
A. Carbon is the basis of all life; all organic compounds are made of carbon. It has 4 unpaired valence
electrons, thus it can form 4 single bonds, double,
1. What are the elements, monomers, and polymers of nucleic acids?
A. Carbon, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Oxygen, and Phosphorous make up Nucleic Acids, and there are 4 different
nucleotides that are the monomers for the polymers DNA and RNA.
2. What are the comp
1. What are the basic properties of a cell?
A. A cell is complex yet highly organized.
A cell possesses genetic info they can use (DNA).
A cell can make more of itself (mitosis).
A cell and get and use energy (mitochondria).
A cell can engage in numerous
1. How many valence electrons does Carbon have, what does that mean, and what science studies Carbon?
A. Carbon has 4 valence electrons, thus is can make 4 covalent bonds (which are stronger than ionic bonds). It
can also make single, double, and triple b
1. Why might a cell need to divide?
A. A cell might need to divide because of cell size, tissue repair, general growth, replacing dead cells, and
reproduction. If the volume becomes too much for the surface area, then the waste products cant get out and i