A nurse is preparing to give bethanechol (Urecholine).
What is an expected outcome of this drug?
A. Nondistended bladder
B. Increased heart rate and blood pressure
C. Improved pulse oximetry reading
D. Relief of cardiac rhythm problems
Bethanechol is a
The nurse is teaching a patient about taking warfarin and asks if the patient
takes aspirin. This assessment by the nurse reflects a knowledge of which type of
Creation of unique effects
Increased therapeutic effects
The nurse is preparing to administer an injection of morphine to a
patient. Assessment notes a respiratory rate of 10 breaths/min. Which
action will the nurse perform?
Notify the health care provider and delay drug administration.
What advice should the nurse provide to a diabetic patient to prevent
foot problems? Select all that apply.
Avoid drying the feet after a shower to maintain moisture.
Avoid writing the alphabet A to Z with the foot.
CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM DEPRESSANTS
action of GABA to GABA receptors
Suppress sodium influx
Suppress calcium influx
Enhance action of GABA
Disease Process Treated
Control grand mal, partial
Where are alpha-1 receptors located?
Where are alpha-2 receptors located?
Where are beta-1 receptors located?
heart & kidneys
Where are beta-2 receptors located?
lungs, liver, pancreas, arteriolar smooth muscle
What are the t
What is the definition of clotting
a physiological process in which blood is converted from a
liquid to a semi solid gel
What are the two ways clotting become impaired
1. when clotting factors are not available
2. if blood clots form when they are not phy
Anticoagulant, Antiplatelet, and Thrombolytic drugs are
used to prevent the formation of _ and to _ ones that
have already formed
What are thrombi?
intravascular blood clots
What is hemostasis?
physiologic process by which bleeding is sto
What is your normal sodium level?
What is the main electroylte talked about when fluid
volume is mentioned?
What is hypotonic?
Less sodium on outside of cell
What are some causes of Isotonic volume contraction?
_ _ are drugs that produce unconsciousness and a lack
of responsiveness to all painful stimuli.
In contrast, local anesthetics do not reduce _ and they
blunt sensation only in a limited area.
General anesthetics can be gr
-Receptor specificity: alpha1, alpha2, beta1, beta2
-Used (alpha1) to delay absorption of local anesthetics,
control superficial bleeding
Absorbed topically, injection, inhaled (asthma)
Has a short half-life
What do glucocorticoids do?
Infuence carbohydrate metabolism and other processes
What do mineralcorticoids do?
Modulate salt and water balance
What do adrenal androgens do?
Contribute to expression of sexual characteristics
How do glucocorticoids affect p
The nurse is caring for a 5-month-old baby who has a hip dislocation.
Which physical assessments does the nurse perform to confirm the
diagnosis of hip dislocation?Select all that apply.
What assessment finding does the nurse relate to the presence of a
large ovarian cyst that is found during a patients abdominal
examination? Select all that apply.
Presence of a curve in the lower half of the abdomen
Transmission of ao
What method should the nurse use to detect a pericardial friction rub?
Evaluate heart sounds with the ear near the patients chest
Auscultate with the diaphragm of a stethoscope
Listen to the heart with the bell of a stethoscope
Cholinergic Agonists and Anticholinergics
Effects of Direct-Acting Cholinergic
Effects of Indirect-Acting Cholinergic
CV - HR, dilate BV, vasodilation, slow
conduction of AV node
GI - tone
Chapter 20 CNS Stimulants
Three groups of drugs
1. Amphetamines and caffeine: stimulate cerebral cortex of brain
2. Analeptics and caffeine: brainstem and medulla to stimulate respiration
3. Anorexiants: suppress appetite by simulating satiety cent
Chapter 33 Antivirals, Antimalarials, and Anthelmintics
1. Influenza: the flue, highly contagious viral infection (nose, throat, lungs)/via droplets
A. Type A: moderate and sever infection
B. Type B: mild illness in children
C. Type C: very rare