Class 2: Introduction to Cellular Regulation
1. Structure and physiologic processes of cell related to cellular regulation
a. Cell Membrane
i. Protective covering which holds the cells shape and contents together
ii. Allows materials in and out of the cel
Chapter 41 Oxygenation d
1. The process of oxygenation: ventilation, perfusion, diffusion.
2. Ventilationthe process of moving gas into and out of the lungs
3. Perfusioncardiovascular system pumped oxygenated blood to the tissue and return
Save and Submit
A patient tells the nurse that the oral drug that has been prescribed has caused a lot of stomach
discomfort in the past. What will the nurse ask the prescriber?
1. Whether the medication can be given by a parenteral route inste
The nurse is caring for a patient who states, "I probably shouldn't take
aspirin. Won't it make my stomach hurt? What is the nurse's best
response to the patient?
"You can try enteric-coated aspirin."
"Try taking the aspirin with milk."
Which class of drugs is prescribed for a patient who is obese to
promote weight reduction?
Serotonin receptor agonists
Lipase is the enzyme helpful in the digestion o
Chapter 28 Immobility
1. Body mechanics: the coordinated efforts of the musculoskeletal and nervous system
2. Posture= the positioning of the joints, tendons, ligaments, and muscles while standing,
3. Body alignment is similar to posture=a
0 out of 1 points
A patient tells the nurse that the oral drug that has been prescribed has caused a lot of
stomach discomfort in the past. What will the nurse ask the prescriber?
Whether the medication
Which inhalable gas can be used as a general anesthetic?
Nitrous oxide, also known as laughing gas, is the only inhalable gas that
can be used as a general anesthetic.
A patient asks the nurse how long it will take for escitalopram
(Lexapro) to be completely effective. Which time frame should the
nurse include in patient teaching?
2 or 3 months
2 or 3 days
The nurse instruc
A nurse is preparing to give bethanechol (Urecholine).
What is an expected outcome of this drug?
A. Nondistended bladder
B. Increased heart rate and blood pressure
C. Improved pulse oximetry reading
D. Relief of cardiac rhythm problems
Bethanechol is a
The nurse is teaching a patient about taking warfarin and asks if the patient
takes aspirin. This assessment by the nurse reflects a knowledge of which type of
Creation of unique effects
Increased therapeutic effects
Chapter 20 CNS Stimulants
Three groups of drugs
1. Amphetamines and caffeine: stimulate cerebral cortex of brain
2. Analeptics and caffeine: brainstem and medulla to stimulate respiration
3. Anorexiants: suppress appetite by simulating satiety cent
Cholinergic Agonists and Anticholinergics
Effects of Direct-Acting Cholinergic
Effects of Indirect-Acting Cholinergic
CV - HR, dilate BV, vasodilation, slow
conduction of AV node
GI - tone
Suppress sodium influx
Suppress calcium influx
Enhance action of GABA
Disease Process Treated
Control grand mal, partial
CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM DEPRESSANTS
action of GABA to GABA receptors
What advice should the nurse provide to a diabetic patient to prevent
foot problems? Select all that apply.
Avoid drying the feet after a shower to maintain moisture.
Avoid writing the alphabet A to Z with the foot.
The nurse is preparing to administer an injection of morphine to a
patient. Assessment notes a respiratory rate of 10 breaths/min. Which
action will the nurse perform?
Notify the health care provider and delay drug administration.
Where are alpha-1 receptors located?
Where are alpha-2 receptors located?
Where are beta-1 receptors located?
heart & kidneys
Where are beta-2 receptors located?
lungs, liver, pancreas, arteriolar smooth muscle
What are the t
What is the definition of clotting
a physiological process in which blood is converted from a
liquid to a semi solid gel
What are the two ways clotting become impaired
1. when clotting factors are not available
2. if blood clots form when they are not phy
Anticoagulant, Antiplatelet, and Thrombolytic drugs are
used to prevent the formation of _ and to _ ones that
have already formed
What are thrombi?
intravascular blood clots
What is hemostasis?
physiologic process by which bleeding is sto
CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM STIMULANTS
Stimulate release of norepinephrine
Causes weight loss
Disease Process Treated
Newborn respiration, respiratory
Chapter 33 Antivirals, Antimalarials, and Anthelmintics
1. Influenza: the flue, highly contagious viral infection (nose, throat, lungs)/via droplets
A. Type A: moderate and sever infection
B. Type B: mild illness in children
C. Type C: very rare