Why Make a Matrix? And Why You Might Be In One
Faculty of Philosophy, Oxford University
Forthcoming in More Matrix and Philosophy: Revolutions and Reloaded Decoded, ed. William Irwin (Open Court,
The Purpose of the M
Teachings of the Buddha
Buddha is a title rather than a proper name. It means enlightened or awakened one.
While arguably there have been many Buddhas throughout history, when people
speak of The Buddha, they typically have in mind Siddhartha G
Ren Descartes: Meditations on First Philosophy
OF THE THINGS OF WHICH WE MAY DOUBT.
SEVERAL years have now elapsed since I first became aware that I had
accepted, even from my youth, many false opinions for true, and that consequently
Why is there evil?
One of the more compelling arguments against Gods existence is called the
problem of evil. It contends that an all powerful (omnipotent), all knowing (omniscient),
and all good (omnibenevolent) God would be incompatible with
By Plato Written 360 B.C.E
Translated by Benjamin Jowett
Emphasis and notes added by Matt Lawrence
The Sun and Divided Line (from Book VI)
Still, I must implore you, Socrates, said Glaucon, not to turn away just as you are reaching the
Plato's Allegory of the Cave
Plato's Cave: Like a Splinter in Your Mind p. 4 Illustration Scott Mayhew.
Is not the dreamer, sleeping or waking, one who likens dissimilar things,
who puts the copy in place of the real object?.
Like everyone else, y
Like A Splinter in Your Mind
Jacking into the Philosophy Behind the Matrix
1. Explain the difference between metaphysics and epistemology.
2. Explain the difference between ethics and aesthetics.
3. In Platos Allegory of the
P1: Every philosophy book ever written is
shelved in my library.
P2: Simulacra and Simulation is a
Therefore, Similacra and Simulation is
shelved in my library.
P1: If my dog is the "Form of Dog"
then he is immortal.
Living the Path of Tao
Lao Tzu / Lao Tse
Probably born between
604 BCE and 403 BCE
Tao Te Ching
(Dao De Jing)
Tao = Way or Path
Te = Power / Virtue / Excellence
Ching = Book
The Book of the Way
and Its Power
What is the Tao?
The tao that c
I can only show you the door. You must walk through it.
Introduction to Philosophy Unit I: Study Guide
About the Exam: The exam will be composed of multiple choice and
short-answer questions. You will need to bring a scantron 882Es and a
pencil. The exam
Ren Descartes 1596-1650
The Father of Modern Philosophy
Tao Te Ching
By Lao Tzu
From a Translation by S. Mitchell
The tao that can be told
is not the eternal Tao
The name that can be named
is not the eternal Name.
When people see some things as beautiful,
other things become ugly.
When people see some thin
Are you tapping into a perfect world?
Have you ever seen a circle? Now Im not asking if youve seen something that
looks kind of like a circle, but rather, whether youve seen a real circle. Before you
answer, it might be helpful to look at a s
Leopold and Loeb: The Crime of Compulsion
(From Clarence Darrow, The Crime of Compulsion in Attorney for the Damned, ed. by
Arthur Weinburg. Reprinted in Philosophy: Paradox and Discovery, ed. by Arthur J. Minton,
NewYork: McGraw Hill, 197
I can only show you the door.
You must walk through it.
Introduction to Philosophy
Unit II Study Guide
( Chapter Thirteen: The Tao of the Code, : Lao Tzu: Tao Te Ching, Lecture
What is the meaning of the word Tao? Te? Ching?
What characteristics do
Buckle your seatbelt
Dorothy, cause Kansas
is going bye bye.
Appearance and Reality
Philosophers have long thought that the world as it
appears to us is an illusion.
Permanence is an
illusion. Everything is
She is defined and
reference to man and
not he with reference
to her; she is the
inessential as opposed
to the essential. He is
the Subject, he is the
Absolute she is the
- Simone de Beauvoir
Spending a Day on the Eightfold Path
Essay Assignment 20 points
Spend a day (24 hours minimum) living in accordance with the Buddhas Noble
Eightfold Path. Then type a 500+ word account of your experience. Tell me about
each aspect o
The human race
is the most stupid
and unfair kind of
race. A lot of the
even get decent
sneakers or clean
St. Thomas Aquinas
Validity and Soundness
Validity: An argu
John Stuart Mill
What is good?
The only proof that a sound is audible is
that people actually hear it.
Similarly, the only proof that something is
desirable is that people actually desire it.
- John Stuart
Are the following arguments valid?
Are they sound?
1. Agents always vote against welfare.
Jackson voted against welfare.
Therefore Jackson is an Agent.
2. Only philosophers fall into deep depression.
Bertrand Russell fell into a deep depression.
Introduction to Philosophy Unit 3 Study Guide
RACE, GENDER, AND THE IDEAL SOCIETY
(Chapter 7: Virtual Bodies: The Construction of Race and Gender in the Matrix)
Explain the differences in race and gender outlooks between: (a) human culture
within the Matr
I am the Architect.
created the Matrix. I've been waiting for you. You have many questions, and though the
process has altered your consciousness, you remain irrevocably human. Ergo some of
my answers you will understand, and some of them you will not. Co
Quote of the Day
in this moment,
Shunryu Suzuki 1904 -1971
The Problem is Choice:
Free Will in the Matrix Trilogy
Who has free will?
Write down your answers to the following questions:
1. Do you have free will?
2. What d
St. Thomas Aquinas
The Summa Theologica
(The Five Ways)
(Benziger Bros. edition, 1947)
Fathers of the English Dominican Province
(Read the whole article, but read most closely his second way.)
The existence of God can be proved in five ways
1. How does Russell describe the philosophical and nonphilosophical persons? Do you agree with those descriptions?
2. Why does Plato think that Forms are more real than material
objects? Do you agree? Why/why not?
3. Why does
The Case of Leopold and Loeb
Jury Sentencing Options
Morally Guilty: Execution by hanging.
Not Morally Guilty: 10 years
psychiatric treatment in a high
Note: These sentencing options were for our mock trial
Jean Paul Sartre
I know that you, ladies
and gentlemen, have a
philosophy, each and
all of you, and that the
most interesting and
important thing about
you is the way in which
it determines the
perspective in your
Remember, they are only words.
What matters is the connections that
The study/theory of morality.
The view that no moral claims are objectively true.
Moral Objectivism: The vie
Objectivist Moral Theories
Divine Command Theory
Social Contract Theory
The Teachings of the Buddha
as a Virtue Theory
as the Buddha
The view that character is the