1. Do you buy and sell pineapples individually or through association?
2. Do you experience pineapple losses before selling?
3. Do you incur any storage costs, if yes how much?
4. How long do you store your pineapples?
5. How do you get marketing informat
develops to form a market. Participants in the channels perform different activities and thus
different channels seem to offer different service outputs depending on the intended consumer
Figure 1: Marketing channels for pineapple in Kenya
Declaration by the Canditate
This thesis is my original work and has not been presented in any other university or institution
for a degree or any other award.
LINUS KIPKORIR NGENO
Declaration by University Superv
Data collection, data analysis & interpretation.
Developing project & submission of final draft.
Appendix 2. Research Budget
The following is a tertiary budget for the research
Printing & photocopy
b) Pick- up
c Mini- lorry
e Others (specify).
If a motor vehicle is mentioned, then do you operate your own vehicle?
If No, what is the cost of hiring the vehicle per year?
In your opinion, in what state are the roads fro
Economic Literature, 35: 688-726.
Lewis, K. (1988a). Inflation, risk and asset market disturbances: The mean -variance
model revisited. Journal International Money and Finance 7.
Lewis, K. (1988b). Testing the portfolio balance model: A multi-lateral appr
Economic growth to Agriculture
GDP AGRI 3.2156*
Note: *, * &* denote significance at 1%, 5% and 10% level of significance
As can be seen from the table, there is a positive and significant bidirectional causality running
from agricultural growth to e
Fragility. The World Bank, IMF Staff Papers (March): 1- 38.
Diaz-Alenjandro, C. (1985). Good-bye Financial Repression, Hello Financial Crash.
Journal of Development Economics, 19.
Dickey, David A. and Wayne A. Fuller, 1979. Distribution of the Estimators
from about 46% in the 1960s to about 55% in 2010. The share of the industry has increased by a
small margin from about 18% in the 1960s to about 19% in 2010 (World Bank, 2012).
To understand the linkage between agriculture and the rest of the economy, it
employees to be able to respond to the questionnaires at their convenient time especially during
weekends. Thus, the researcher will take an initiative of educating the participants before
engaging them in any research activity to ensure their fully parti
DATA ANALYSIS, PRESENTATION AND INTERPRETATION
This chapter reports the findings of the study based on the methods discussed in the previous
chapter. Its purpose is to analyze the variables involved in the study. Data from th
This questionnaire aims at collecting data that will form part of the study on marketing
integration of pineapples in the south rift region of Kenya that is being conducted by a student in
Moi University in faculty of Agricultural Economi
Health is defined as a state of complete physical, mental and social wellbeing and not
merely the absence of disease or infirmity, (WHO 1978). The health of people is
fundamental to the attainment of peace and security and is
developments in the economic theory of cooperatives in the US prior to Helmbergers paper.
Ortmann (1962) used the neo-classical theory of the firm to develop short-run and long run
models of a cooperative (including behavioural relations and positions of
factor for increasing growth of agriculture significantly. These results contradict with (Tiffin &
Irz, 2006) who used Granger causality test in the panel data analyzed by Gardner for 85 countries
on the relationship between agricultural and economic grow
Emenuga, C. (1998). The Outcome of Financial Sector Reforms in West African.
International Development Centre: Science for Humanity, Canada. Chapter 14.
Emenuga, C. (1996a). Distortions in the Nigerian Financial Markets. In A. Ekpo (ed.),
Fiscal and Monet
Enlivened markets? American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Vol.78, No.3,pp
Barrett, C.B., and J.R. Li. 2002. Distinguishing Between Equilibrium and Integration in Spatial
Price Analysis. American Journal of Agricultural Economics 84:292-307.
Cheung, S.S. (1983). The contractual nature of the firm. Journal of Law and Economics 26(1):1-21.
Coase, R. (1937). The nature of the firm. Economica 4(16):386-405.
Cook, M.L. (1995). The future of U.S. agricultural cooperatives: A neo-institutional appro
customers business which would make it profitable); and (4) human asset specificity (acquired
skills and knowledge of certain workers which are more valuable within a particular relationship
than outside it). Sykuta (1999) add another form of specificity
I dedicate this thesis to my beloved wife Anne Cherotich Malel, my beloved daughter Purity
Jasmine Chebet Ngeno, my beloved son Victor Kibet Ngeno and my beloved parents Christine
Chepkemoi Rugut and Paul Kipngeno Rugut for their encouragement,
credit markets, tend to reduce inventories by cutting work-hours and production. Christiano,
Eichenbaum and Evans (1996) examine how the flow of funds between different sectors
responds to monetary shocks. The results indicate that business and household
Countries? A selected paper for presentation at the American Agricultural Economics
Association Annual Meeting, Milwaukee, WI, July 28, 2009.
Chebbi H. E., & Lachaa L., (2007). Agricultural Sector and Economic growth in Tunisia:
Evidence from Co-integrati
farmers who sell their products to the cooperatives in Nakuru District. Table 3.1shows data on
the number of cooperative managers and active dairy farmers registered with the cooperative
Table 3.1 Target Population
findings, roads, storage facilities and mode of transport are key to the success of milk marketing
cooperatives. Poor road network, inadequate storage facilities and poor mode of transport can
lead to reduced milk supply due to its nature of perishability
Figure 4.15.Frequency of Cooperative Buying Milk from the Farmers
Source: Authors calculations, 2012
From the findings in figure 4.15,
DEFINITION OF TERMS
PUBLIC GOOD. This is a commodity whose benefits are indivisibly spread among the entire community,
whether or not particular individuals desire to consume the good.
REVENUE. Is the income that a government receives regularly.
enhances the development of money and inter-bank markets, which eventually also improves the
potency of monetary policy. It is desirable therefore to introduce the use of such instruments
early in the reforms process.
The elimination of interest rate and
DEFINITION OF TERMS.
Stunting: This is a reduced growth rate in human development. It is a common problem of the
pediatric population diagnosed when childs height falls below the height of age.
Wasting: The process by which a disease causes muscle and fat
expansion or increase in volume of milk handled in order for them to enjoy the economies of
scale. Here again performance, like in the current study, is being measured using a different
The role of dairy marketing co-operatives in the Ethiopian
This chapter discusses background of the study, statement of the problem, objectives of the study
and research questions. It goes further to discuss the significance and the scope of the study.
1.1 Background of t