Decline of Byzantium
Review from Lesson 8
In 1071, Muslim Saljuqs
won an important
victory at Manzikert
Byzantine factions then
turned on each other in
civil war, allowing the
Saljuqs almost free rein
The Byzantine Emperor
asked Pope Urban
Background to Revolution
A. Legal Orders and Social Reality
In 1775 Frances 25 million inhabitants were still legally divided into three orders, or estates
the clergy, the nobility, and everyone else.
The clergy numbered about one hundred thousan
1. Prior to 1850 had Italy become united?
2. What did Metternich call Italy?
3.-5. What were 3 approaches to unifying Italy?
6. Who was the dominant figure in the Sardinian government from 1850-61?
7. Who did Cavour make an alliance w
I. The Renaissance
rebirth of European culture after the dark ages and ushered in the modern era: secularism, rationalism, & individualism
15th - 16th century
Leonardo da Vinci