Fundamental trac variables
and their rela3onships
QEEE Course on Transporta3on and
10 Reasons why this eld is important and needs YOU
1. Road accident deaths in India
Comprehensive Questions for Module-7: Strength and Failure theories
1. What are various failure theories?
Indicate whether statements 1 to 6 are true or false.
1. According to the maximum stress criterion lamina failure is determ
Module11: Engineering Applications of Composite Materials Learning Unit-1: M11.1 M11.1 Engineering Applications of Composites Materials
Introduction: Composites are one of the most widely used materials because of their adaptability to different situation
Comprehensive Questions for Module-5: Laminated Composites-I
What is classical plate theory? Discuss assumptions.
Discuss classical laminate theory.
Write structural strain relation for laminates.
What are the laminate stress relations?
Comprehensive Questions for Module-2: Basic Constituent materials in
What is FRP?
List types of fibres used in FRP.
What are various types of Matrices used in FRP?
Give relative merits of:
i. Carbon fibre
ii. Glass fibre
Learning Units of Module 4
M4.1 Micromechanics of Laminae
M4.2 Micromechanics of Laminae
So far we have talked on apparent
homogenized properties of a fiber reinforced
Now we will examine how we can calculate the
Comprehensive Questions for Module-4: Behaviour of a Laminate-II
What is a cross-ply laminate?
What is an angle-ply laminate?
Write transformation matrix for an angle-ply matrix.
How engineer properties of a laminate are predicted from m
Module10: Special Topics
M10.1 Mechanical Testing of Composites
The mechanical testing of composite structures to obtain parameters such as strength and
stiffiless is a time consuming and often difficult process. It is, however, an essent
Comprehensive Questions for Module-3: Behaviour of a Laminate-I
List components of stress-strain in a 3-D continuum.
What is plane stress condition?
Write the compliance matrix for plane stress.
Write stiffness matrix for plane stress.
Module 8: Design Concepts
Learning Unit-1: M8.1
M8.1 Design Issues
M8.1.1 Introduction to Design
The design of composite structure is complicated by the fact that every ply must be defined.
Drawings or design packages must describe the ply orientation, it
Module 3: Behaviour of Laminae
1. In this module text in Italic indicates advanced concepts.
2. xy , xy are used for Shear in books and literature.
M3.1 Stress and strain concepts in 3-D
M3.1.1 Stress Concepts:
The Definition of Stress:
Module 5: Laminated Composites-I
Learning Unit 1: M5.1
M5.1 Introduction to Mechanics of Plates (/Mechanical Behavior of
Laminates/ Laminate Plate Theory/Kirchhoffs Plate Theory):
M5.1.1 Anisotropic Materials:
With laminated plate theory we
Learning Units of Module 1
M1.1 Introduction to Composites
M1.2 Basic Definitions and Classification of
M1.3 Advantages, Disadvantages of Composite
Materials; Comparison of Composite materials
Learning Unit 1: M1.1 Intr
Module 4: Behaviour of a Laminae-II
Learning Unit 1: M1
M4.1 Mechanics of Composites
M4.1.1 Introduction to Mechanics of Composites
The relation between ply uniaxial strengths and constituent properties of structure is obtained
through the composite micro
Learning Units of Module 2
M2.1 Reinforcements and Matrices
for Various types of Composites
M2.2 Fibers/Reinforcement Matrices
M2.3 Matrix Materials
M2.4 Fibre Reinforced Polymer (FRP) Laminated Composites
Materials for Composites
Learning Units of Module 3
M3.1 Stress-Strain Concepts in ThreeDimension
M3.2 Introduction to Anisotropic Elasticity
M3.3 Tensorial Concept and Indicial Notations
M3.4 Plane Stress Concept
Action of force (F) on a body
Figure: Action of force
Learning Units of Module 5
M5.1 Introduction to Mechanics of Plates
M5.2 Macromechanics of Laminate
M5.3 Stress-Resultants in Laminate
Learning Unit M5.1
M5.1 Introduction of Mechanics of
Classical lamination theory
Learning Units of Module 6
M6.1 Structural Mechanics of Laminates
M6.2 Special Classification of Laminates
Classical Lamination Theory
Each ply (or layer or lamina) is in state of plane
2. Interlaminar stresses a
Lectures 4 & 5
QEEE Course on Transportation and Traffic
Need for Traffic studies
To understand the magnitude, location, and extent of the
transportation problem or the need for improvements
M12: Civil Engineering Applications
Learning Unit-1: M12.1
M12.1: Typical Applications of FRP Composites in Civil
M12.1.1 FRP Composites Technology Brings Advantages to the American Bridge Building
The highway infrastruct
Module-6: Laminated Composites-II
Learning Unit-1: M6.1
M 6.1 Structural Mechanics of Laminates
Classical Lamination Theory: Laminate Stiffness Matrix
To this point in the development of classical lamination theory it is clear that if we are given
Module-1: General Introduction
M1: General Introduction
M1.1 Introduction of Composites
Historical Development / Historical overview:
After making and controlling fire and inventing the wheel, spinning of continuous yarns is
probably the most import