The following information is available for Pacilio Security Services Inc. for 2011, its first
operations. Pacilio provides security services for local sporting events.
The following summary transactions occurred during 2011.
theorists justify the existence of a proletarian state which is bound in
certain respect, to be less liberal democratic state. There must for
example be a single ruling party of the proletariat and a limitation on
civil freedoms so as to prevent the resto
1 the middle ages Europe where the distinction between state and
religion was blurred.
2 The ideas of St. Augustine and other church fathers can explain
why there is a crisis in the modern state in Africa. For instance,
insecurity in Northern Kenya charac
1Convincingly explains the need of state to bring order. Without a state
or a functional one life is b. John Locke
Locke starts with a state of nature which is pre-political but not presocial. Individuals living in this state have society in the form of
IV. Marxist Theory.
This theory claims that the state
1 developing countries there is the presence of mass unemployment
and this could mirror Marxist ideas of the state allowing the
owners of the means of production to supplant and exploit labour.
. The great dynasties of Europe dramatically consolidated power by the
beginning of 16th century. The shift to more independent, more secular
actors became a major point of controversy in early modern Europe.
The bloody conflicts that followed, blending t
Foreign aid and the state
The state and globalization
Role of external trade in
State and neo-colonialism
Bethwel OgotEthnicity, Nationalism and Democracy in Africa (DT 31.
important point of
1 modern states that can be regarded as espousing a theoretic system
of governance e.g. Iran; as well as
of the family. In these ideas the first group of collective human life is the
family or the household, the last is the state. Arist
distinction between state
This is the oldest and earliest theory on the subject of origin as well as
political authority. The entire worlds major religious treat authority as a
creation of God. Christians, Jews, Hindus and Muslims subscribe to the
below the age of 18, the land
or payment sufficiently and advantageous or agreeable so that one
foregoes pursuit of his own preferences to seek reward instead. The key
ward in compensatory power is incentive, tax policy, m
ii The bourgeons or capitalist state
iii The proletariat state- anticipated by Marx and typified by the
But according to Marxist- Leninists, the proletariat state was a shortlived transitional type of state, preparing the way for modern co
adjudication Act (cap 284) which seeks to guide the process of
ascertainment of land rights in nonconstitutions in the case of federal countries such as the USA, Canada,
Australia, Germany, India or Nigeria.
TYPES OF GOVERNMENT
The type of government in a
i advances in science and technology, the slave state could not last
forever. The technology made it possible to cultivate large estates
unprofitable to the slave owners. Therefore the slave state slo
UNIVERSITY OF ELDORET
DEPARTMENT OF DEVELOPMENT STUDIES
IRD 200: STATE, SOCIETY AND DEVELOPMENT
COURSE OBJECCTIVES AND OUTLINE
By the end of the course the
students should be able to:
Have an understanding of the
monarchy is one where the constitution controls the powers and
authority of the monarch. A constitutional monarchy can be found in
democratic states in which the monarchs role is largely ceremonial. All
the monarchies in
intelligent. Joseph Schumpeter (18
2 For the purpose of recognizing a state as an actor in International
relations it must have:a A geographical territory
b A definite population
c Effective military power to fulfill International obligations.
3 All sovereign states were equal
. All legitimate political
i , political elite or in a new modernizing elite, the latter often being
drawn in large part from the armed forces.
ii Rule is arbitrary and often highly personalized with little respect for
law or legal rights.
the same as in the term nation- state but this is not always the case. The
state is essentially a political and administrative unit but people may feel
1 to promote integration ethnic groups. This increases nationality
identity and national pride as has h
1unpredictable as it is seen in Somalia, or post-election violence in 2008
2The modern state has proscriptions mores that focus on disapproved
behaviour e.g. laws that prohibit assault, theft, rape, murder and incest.
- The state also has prescr
activity is channeled through this party, which is normally highly
centralized, and the party provides the only institutionalized basis for
competition, recruitment and opposition.
(iii) Official ideology
There is an official ideology (normally either Mar
little appeal to religions or ethnicity. However when they failed to
deliver the economic social and cultural liberation,
Finally neo- nationalism tends to occur in Nation states which are part of
larger supra- national organizations such as the Europ
TOPIC FIVE: The state in the International Environment
for Development, 1987 (HC 800.M352)
Peter Anyang' Nyong'o, 30 years of independence in Africa: the lost
decades? (Nairobi, 1992)
P. Ndegwa et. al., eds., Development Options for Africa in the 1980s an
facilitate connectivity and hence make it conducive for investors to
locate investments in certain places that would have been by- passed.
Enactment of fiscal policy
Fiscal policy focuses on government taxation and expenditur