12. The gene for _ has been identified. This allows for at -risk individuals to be
tested to ascertain whether they are carriers of this hereditary disorder characterized by chronic
physical and mental deterioration due to damaged brain cells.
_ refers to the number of cases of a disease that exist at some given point in
time. _ refers to the number of deaths due to particular causes.
A. Morbidity; Mortality
B. Mortality; Morbidity
C. Epidemiology; Pathology
D. Etiology; Epidemiolog
A. caused by deposits of cholesterol on the arterial walls.
B. characterized by a hardening and reduced elasticity of the arterial walls.
C. a hereditary disease rather than a disease of lifestyle.
D. None of these.
50. The two primary clinical manifestations of atherosclerosis are angina pectoris and congestive
51. Hepatitis A is typically transmitted through food and water.
52. Menopause can be cured definitively by hormone ther
1. Which of the following is the best definition of health promotion?
A. a general philosophy that good health is a personal and collective achievement
B. the practice of good health behavior
C. the avoidance of health-compromising be
17. Providers have more positive attitudes toward
A. black or Hispanic patients.
B. acutely ill patients.
C. sicker patients.
D. patients with psychological disorders.
18. The extent of faulty provider-patient communication on patient retention of informa
Explain how individual differences in personality are related to coping.
Answers will vary
Taylor - Chapter 07 #58
Explain how coping styles and coping strategies moderate the experience of stress. Citing
Damage to the cerebellum is associated with impaired
A. muscular coordination.
D. visual acuity.
Taylor - Chapter 02 #5
The _ is responsible for the coordination of visual and auditory reflexes.
33. Risky families
A. are high in conflict or abuse and low in warmth and nurturance.
B. have financial problems.
C. are ones who experience major, chronic, recurrent stress as opposed to more modest family
D. have no long term impact on the famil
11. High self-esteem has been related to
A. increased longevity.
B. active coping strategies.
C. reducing the harmful effects of high levels of stress.
D. reducing the harmful effects of low levels of stress.
12. Friedman and colleagues (1993) found that
58. At the time of the writing of your textbook, what do we know about complementary and alternative
59. How prevalent is the utilization of health care services for nonmedical complaints? Who is likely to
do so and why?
60. Describe and discuss
For men, _ moderates the stress-illness relationship.
C. satisfaction with the parent role
D. All of these.
Taylor - Chapter 06 #45
The earliest contribution to stress research was Hans Selye's
18. Particularly for women in disadvantaged groups, _ can endanger human
A. high levels of social support
B. high levels of stress
C. high levels of self-esteem
D. low levels of stress
19. Which of the following situations would be LEAST stress
42. Competent home care for the terminally ill requires
A. little training of family members.
B. regular contact between medical personnel and family members.
C. availability of around-the-clock professional nursing.
D. All of these.
43. The grief respons
The idea that illness can be explained by low-level processes such as the functions of
disordered cells and chemical imbalances is
B. systems theory.
Taylor - Chapter 01 #18
A health psychologist who is interested in the behavioral and social factors that contribute to
disease focuses on
A. health promotion and maintenance.
B. prevention and treatment of illness.
C. etiology and correlations of health, illness, and
Susan is a middle-class white woman with advanced breast cancer. Her family and friends
provide her with emotional and instrumental social support. Sarah, an Hispanic woman from a
working-class family, also has advanced breast caner. Her pare
Pain control means only that the patient
A. no longer feels any pain.
B. is no longer concerned about the pain.
C. no longer feels any sensation in the area that once hurt.
D. None of these.
Taylor - Chapter 10 #24
57. Discuss the differences between acute and chronic pain. What are the different kinds of both?
Use examples from the text.
58. Pain control by use of physical or chemical techniques has long been used by health care
providers. For which type of pain ar
Taylor - Chapter 07 #27
The assurance that one is a valuable individual who is cared for is
A. emotional support
B. tangible assistance.
C. visible support.
D. instrumental support.
Taylor - Chapter 07 #28
Chapter 6 Summary
# of Questions
Taylor - Chapter 06
1. Moderators of the stress experience may have an impact on
A. stress itself.
B. the relationship between stress
The grief response appears to be aggravated in
A. women and those who experience sudden and unexpected loss.
B. men and those who experience sudden and unexpected loss.
C. survivors whose family members have experienced a protracted and painf
Julian has decided that he needs to lose 15 pounds. He is concerned about the amount of fat
he consumes and suspects that his cholesterol count is high. He has purchased a popular
book on low-fat diets and has decided that he will begin walkin
The philosophy that health is a positive state to be actively achieved, not merely the absence
A. is not prevalent in Western medicine
B. acknowledges physical and psychological influences but not spiritual influences on health.
Finding _ in stressful events may improve immune functioning.
D. All of these.
Taylor - Chapter 14 #14
_ may mute the adverse effects of stress on the immune system.
A. Relaxation t
Dissatisfied patients are more likely to
A. seek treatment that meets their emotional rather than medical needs.
B. use medical services in the future and thus be accused of malingering.
C. seek more technically competent medical treatment.
Chapter 12 Key
The infant mortality rate in the United States
A. is higher than that in most western European countries.
B. is twice as high for black infants as for white infants.
C. may be associated with inequities in access to health care.
6. Significant gains in the quality of life would best be achieved by reorienting the focus of health
A. reducing the period of morbidity.
B. delaying mortality.
C. early identification of risk factors.
D. All of these.
7. Refocusing heal
11. Long-term provision of care to friends or family members with long-term illness has been linked
with a range of health-related problems. This can be attributed to caregivers'
A. poor health habits.
B. disrupted sleep patterns.
C. experience of severe
28. Research suggests that those who use the Internet in conjunction with managing their
seropositive status _ than those not using the Internet.
A. had fewer active coping skills
B. had less social support
C. had less accurate HIV disease knowledge.