_ Oldest & most frequently diagnosed psychiatric illness
_ Occasional symptoms (the blues) are normal, healthy responses to everyday
disappointments in life
_ Pathological depression occurs when adaptation is ineffective
Ethics of Conduct vs Virtue Ethics (pg.391)
Theories that consider what proper human conduct is are often referred to the ethics of conduct.
The form of ethic ask the fundamental question, how should we be?
It focuses on the development of certain persona
Intervening in Crises
Any stressful situation can precipitate a crisis.
Assistance with problem solving during the crisis period preserves self-esteem and promotes growth
Crisis is defined as a sudden event in ones life, durin
Chapter 65: Degenerative Neurologic Disorders
Pathophysiology and clinical manifestations
Associated with decrease levels of dopamine resulting in an imbalance of
neurotransmitters (more excitatory neurotransmitters than inhibitory
Chapter 62: Cerebrovascular Disorders
Mayo Clinic (lay person) definition of stroke:
A stroke occurs when the blood supply to part of your brain is interrupted or
severely reduced, depriving brain tissue of oxygen and food. Within minutes,
brain cells beg
Anxiety, Obsessive-Compulsive, and Related Disorders
Anxiety Disorders *Know*
Anxiety is an emotional response to anticipation of danger, the source of
which is largely unknown or unrecognized.
Anxiety is a necessary force for s
Trauma- and Stressor-Related Disorders
Historical and Epidemiological Data
Posttrauma response was historically known as shell shock, battle fatigue, accident
neurosis, or posttraumatic neurosis.
Renewed interest about the disorder began in t
Chapter 15 Townsend schizophrenia
Psychosis a severe mental condition in which there is a disorganization of the
personality, deterioration in social functioning, loss of contact with or distortion of reality.
There may be evidence of hallucination and de
Substance-Related and Addictive Disorders
Substance Use Disorder
Need for increasing amounts to produce the desired effects
Syndrome of withdrawal upon cessation
Chapter 11 Health care of Older Adults
The cognitive, functional and behavioral changes that characterize dementia
eventually destroy a persons ability to function
The symptoms are usually subtle in onset and often progress slowly until they ar
Bipolar and Related Disorders
Characterized by mood swings from profound depression to extreme euphoria
(mania), with intervening periods of normalcy
May have delusions or hallucinations as well
May reflect seasonal pattern
During a manic episode, the