An administrative framework for
the systematic, structured and
documented approach to the
management of environmental
Corporate Social Responsibility
What is CSR?
[CSR is] a concept whereby companies integrate social and
environmental concerns in their business operations and in their
interaction with their stakeholders on a voluntary basis.
Assessment of Product
and The Associated
Risks / Benefits
Major Environmental Impacts
Green house gases
Smog and vapor
Depletion of the ozone layer
Demand level ris
What is Impact Assessment
Attempt to describe the environmental
consequence of the activity being studied
Accomplished by translating inventory into
Why Impact Assessment?
Reduces number of data points against whi
Design for the
recovery and reuse
Why Design for Disassembly?
Reducing waste in the manufacturing and recovery processes
using DfD techniques can significantly reduce production costs
and allow for greater technical efficiency.
Modular design principles within DfD
Design for Recycling
A Products Life Cycle From Cradle to
The term demanufacture is appearing more and more, especially in the
electronics industry (DEC, Motorola, IBM), to characterize the process
opposite to manufacturi
Businesses wanted to
Understand their product supply chains
Measure their products impacts
Manage and reduce their GHG emissions;
improve resource efficiency and reduce
Share information about their work
Quality Function Deployment
Model for sustainable product development
Life Cycle Assessment
LCA-The SETAC Approach
To design a product for the environment, an assessment
of environmental impact must be completed.
The Society of Toxicology And Chemistry (SETAC) has
developed four- step process that allows us to understand
Specific Commercial Advantages of
Enhancement of reputation and brand
Attraction and retention of high calibre
Improved access to investors
Reduced risk potential
Identification of potential cost saving
INTRODUCTION TO SUSTAINABLE
There is no universally acceptable definition for the
term sustainability, but the most commonly known
definition comes from the 1987 U.N.
Brundtland Commission defined Sustainability
Life Cycle Assessment
Life Cycle Assessment (LCA)
LCA is widely used methodology to evaluate overall
environmental impacts of a products life cycle starting from
extraction of natural resources to its final disposal at end-oflife.
Life Cycle Impact Assessment
The availability of diverse sources for life
cycle inventory databases and Life Cycle
Impact Assessment (LCIA) methods should
be an asset to better perform life cycle
By tradition, an
Basics of Supply Chain Management
What Is the Supply Chain?
Also referred to as the logistics network
Suppliers, manufacturers, warehouses, distribution
centers and retail outlets facilities
Warehouses & Customers
in a Supply Chain
Components of Supply Chain- Planning process.
Role of Aggregate planning.
Information needed in Aggregate planning.
Red tomato Shop- problem formulation.
Case Study- SPC
The role of forecasting in a supply chain
Characteristics of forecasts
Components of forecasts and forecasting methods
Basic approach to demand forecasting
Time series forecasting methods
Measures of forecast error
Designing the Distribution Network in a
The Role of Distribution
in the Supply Chain
Distribution: the steps taken to move and store a
product from the supplier stage to the customer stage
in a supply chain.
Distribution directly affects co
Network Design in an
The Impact of Uncertainty on Network Design
Discounted Cash Flow Analysis
Representations of Uncertainty
Evaluating Network Design Decisions Using Decision
Case study : AM Tires, E
Aggregate Planning in a Supply
If the actual is different than the plan, why bother sweating over
Aggregate planning: General plan for our frequency decomposition
Combined products = aggregate product
SOURCING DECISIONS IN A
The Role of Sourcing in a Supply Chain
Benefits of effective sourcing decisions
Supplier Scoring and Assessment
Supplier Selection and Contracts
A SUPPLY CHAIN
TRANPORTATION REFERS TO THE
MOVEMENT OF PRODUCT FROM ONE
LOCATION TO ANOTHER.
TRANSPORTATION IS AN IMPORTANT
PRODUCTS ARE RARELY PRODUCED
AND CONSUMED IN THE SAME
What is Forecasting?
Process of predicting a
Fundamental to business
Most business decisions
based to some extent on
Underlying basis of all busine
Properties of Materials
Resistance to scratch and wear. It is also an indication of strength.
Iron-Iron Carbide Diagram:
Phases in FeFe3C Phase Diagram
1. -ferrite solid solution of C in BCC Fe
Stable form of iron at room temperature.
The maximum solubi
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Figure 1. Iron-ironcarbide diagram
CEMENTITE (Fe C):
Cementite is also known as iron carbide which has a chemical
formula, Fe3C. It contains 6.67 % Carbon by weight. It is a typical
hard and brittle inte
Process & Capacity
Process & Capacity Analysis
Decisions taken with respect to
The amount of capacity that an operating unit has
The manner in which the existing capacity is put to use
will lead to loss of productivity & overall reduct
Reasons to Study Operations Management
50% or more of the jobs in industry are
Operations Management activities are at