they trying to
(why is the past relevant?)
What are they?
Appositives are grammatical constructions which provide added descriptive information
about or rename the nouns or pronouns beside them.
Appositives allow a writer to further define a noun or pronoun, telling his or he
CROSSING THE BAR
Metaphor is right at the bottom of being alive." Fritjof Capra
Sunset and evening star,
And one clear call for
Metaphor is a figure of speech in which a word or phrase that ordinarily
designates one thing is used to designate
Noun Articles: Review and Practice
For students who want to work on their use of noun articles, this worksheet can be used
together with the Writing Center handout Articles: A/An/The. The focus of this worksheet
is to provide you with practice exercises a
TO INDICATE THAT A NOUN IS POSSESSIVE
Possessive nouns indicate ownership, though this ownership may be loosely implied (ex. the trees roots). If youre not
sure whether a noun is possessive, try inverting the phrase:
the roots of the
A sentence is called PARALLEL when the corresponding parts of that sentence are similar in structure, length, and
thought. A parallel sentence or grammatical structure is much easier to follow and ultimately prevents an awkward style
Pronoun-Antecedent Agreement Worksheet
PRONOUNS stand for or take the place of a NOUN. The noun that the pronoun takes the place of is called its
ANTECEDENT. A pronoun must agree with the noun it stands for in both PERSON and NUMBERyou should therefore
In order to be more than a simple recounting of events, a story needs to have a plot, and every plot
needs to be based around a conflict. To engage a reader and draw him/her in from the start, the conflict
should be apparent by the first
Artist Statement Notepad
Using the questions below as a guide, develop a brief overview of yourself and your work.
Dont worry about using complete sentences; youll form those as you write a
comprehensive draft. The purpose of this sheet is to get you star
Colons: When Theyre Used
The colon is a punctuation mark that youll probably also recognize from the face of your
digital alarm clock [ : ]. Its used when a writer wants to separate or introduce new content,
or when he or she wants to foc
Quotation Marks Worksheet
Use quotation marks to enclose direct quotations of a persons spoken or written words.
He said, I wont be fooled this time.
A foolish consistency is the hobgoblin of little minds, wrote Ralph Waldo Emerson.
Standard English and Style Worksheet
STANDARD ENGLISH refers to a set of guidelinestypically usage standards outlined by dictionaries and stylebooks
for precision in writing and speaking that promote effective communication.
Each word in th
Point of View
When writing a short story we use one of the following points of view:
First person, I
All of the action takes place within this character's presence, and we learn only his/her
thoughts and feelings in any kind of direct fashi
One of the chief mistakes made by early writers is in regard to conflict. Often, this mistake occurs
in the introduction of the conflict itself (or the lack of a conflict altogether). Roughly, the reader should
pick up on the conflict of
How do you create a character?
Some storytellers rely heavily on stereotypes and common character archetypes to populate their
stories. While some archetypes became archetypes because they work so well (the underdog or the
Active and Passive Voice Worksheet
A simple, ACTIVE sentence follows a S-V-O (subject/verb/object) pattern. In an active sentence, the subject performs the
action of the verb.
Jane walked the long distance to her grandmothers house.
In a PASSIVE sen
Coordination and Subordination Worksheet
When you want to combine two or more ideas into one sentence, you can use either
coordination or subordination.
Use subordination when you want to emphasize one idea over another in a sentence. One of the more
use a comma before a coordinating conjunction that joins two independent clauses
and, or, for, nor, but, so, yet
The highway department sets speed limits on state roads and highways, and it determi
Pronoun Case Worksheet
Pronouns can appear in a variety of different forms, depending on how they function in a sentence. For
example, the pronoun that refers to the speaker in a sentence may be written as I, me, my, or mine. These
different spellings are
Arts Inventory: Grant Writing for Artists
Using the questions below as a guide, develop a brief overview of yourself, your organization (if applicable),
and your proposed project. Dont worry about using complete sentences; instead, think
Sentence Variety Worksheet
An INDEPENDENT CLAUSE consists of a SUBJECT and a PREDICATE (the verb plus it objects, complements, and modifiers):
The dog barked.
Robyn stopped eating sweets.
A DEPENDENT CLAUSE, also known as a SUBORDINATE C
Techniques for Improving Spelling
USING IE OR EI
There are a few exceptions to this rule, but the following verse still helps with spelling:
Use i before e
Except after c
Or when sounded like ay
As in neighbor or weigh.
ei (after c)
ei (sounded like ay
Dialogue must do more than one thing at a time
William Sloane, The Craft of Writing
We can learn a lot about a character by the way he or she speaks. G
Basic Narrative Arc Structure
As quoted in Janet Burroways Writing Fiction: A Guide to Narrative Craft, novelist John
LHeureux says that a story is about a single moment in a characters life that culminates in a
defining choice after which n
Common Creative Writing Mistakes
One of the chief mistakes made by early writers is in regard to conflict. Often, this mistake
occurs in the introduction of the conflict itself (or the lack of a conflict altogether). Roughly, the
reader should pi
Parts of Speech Worksheet
There are eight parts of speech: NOUNS, PRONOUNS, VERBS, ADJECTIVES, ADVERBS, PREPOSITIONS, CONJUNCTIONS, and
name persons, places, or things. They are often signaled by an article (a, an, the).
Verb Tense Worksheet
What is a Verb?
A verb is a word that expresses action or a state of being. While a subject refers to the
actor in a sentence, the verb describes the action.
In the coming pages, this handout will explain the following terms
Transitions are words, phrases, and sentences which connect or link ideas. This worksheet was
designed to help you practice using transitions to improve your writing skill over time.
Weve also included (on page 5) a list of questions
Show, Dont Tell
One of the major goals of writing is to reproduce the emotional impact of an experience,
and the major piece of advice often given regarding this issue is show, dont tell. Your job as a
writer isnt to focus attention on the words, but on t
Modifiers: Adjectives and Adverbs
and ADVERBS are known as MODIFIERSADJECTIVES modify nouns or pronouns and ADVERBS modify
verbs, adjectives, or other adverbs.
Though many adverbs are formed by adding ly to adjectives (formal, formall