Sociology 100 Exam 1 Study Guide
Chapters 1 & 2 Understanding Sociology and Sociological Research
The Sociological Perspective
i. Seeing the general in the particular
ii. Seeing the strange in the familiar
iii. Seeing individuality in social context
Chapter 11: Race and Ethnicity
Corresponds with Lecture 16
1. Define race and ethnicity.
Race - Society views race as biological.
Ethnicity - Society views ethnicity as cultural.
o Differentiate between race and ethnicity.
0. Define minority.
Chapter 7: Deviance
Corresponds with Lecture 11
1. Symbolic Interactionist Perspective on deviance
A Powerfully negative label that greatly changes a persons self
concept and social identity. A stigma operates as a master status and
Chapter 8: Social Stratification
Corresponds with Lecture 15
1. Define social stratification.
As a system by which a society ranks categories of people in a
hierarchy, is based on four principles.
i. Social stratification is a strait of society, not simp
Chapter 6: Sexuality and Society
Corresponds with Lecture 13
1. Define intersexual.
Refers to people whose bodies, including genitals, have both female
and male characteristics. It is both natural and very rare. An older
term is hermaphrodite. Have both
Chapter 10: Gender Stratification
1. Define gender.
Refers to the personal traits and social positions that members of a
society attach to being female or male. Dimension of social
organization, shaping how we interact with others and ourselves.
Chapter 2: Culture
Corresponds with Lectures 5 & 6
1. 1. Define culture.
is the ways of thinking, acting and material objects that together form a
peoples way of life; Sociologists consider both thoughts and things.
Culture refers to symbols, Languages, v
Chapter 4: Social Interaction in Everyday Life
Corresponds with Lecture 9
The process by which people act and react in relation to others.
Stable patterns of behavior,
safe and pre
Look at Harlows monkey experiment, and studies of isolated children.
According to the functionalist Talcott parsons, the function of the family is.
Both a & c
All of the above
List and define the 3 stag
Chapter 5: Groups and Organizations
Corresponds with Lecture 10
1. Define Crowd
Temporary interaction with 2 or more people. When a
Two or more people, in a physical place.
2. Define a Group
Two or more people with long-term interaction and they identi
Sociology Is the study of Society and human social interaction
Society People interacting in a defined area with a shared culture (macionis)
Advantages of studying sociology common sense, our choices, social change,
Sociology Exam 3 Study Guide (Ch. 8,9,10)
Stratification and Social Mobility in the United States
Social inequality- members of society have differing amounts of wealth, prestige, or power
Stratification: a structured ranking of entire groups of people th
Sociology Study Guide Exam 2 (chapters 5,6,7)
Chapter 5: Social Interaction, Groups and Social Structure
Social interaction: the way in which people respond to one another
Social structure: the way in which a society is organized into predictable
Social Interaction, Social
Structure, and Groups
Social Interaction and Reality
Reality shaped by perceptions,
evaluations, and definitions
Varies across cultures
Ability to define social reality
reflects groups power
Social change involves
Understanding Sociology &
Chapters 1 & 2
A Look Ahead
How did sociology develop?
How does it differ from
other social sciences?
Who are the pioneers and what
are their theoretical perspectives?
How does sociology help us
The Family and Human Sexuality
Organized patterns of beliefs and behavior
that are centered on basic social needs.
5 major tasks
Teaching new recruits
Health and the Environment
on Health and Illness
Health: State of complete physical,
mental, and social well-being, and not
merely the absence of disease and
infirmity (Leavell and Clark)
Health and illness are socia
Deviance, Crime and Social
Attempts by society to regulate peoples
thought and behavior.
Conformity going along with peers
Obedience compliance with higher
authorities in a hierarchical structure
Informal and Formal Soc
Inequality by Gender
Sex vs. Gender
Sex biological distinction between males
Gender Expectations for behavior of
males and females
Primary sex characteristics organs used
for reproduction, namely the genitals.
Chapters 8 & 9
Members of a society have different
amounts of wealth, power, and prestige.
Some degree of inequality in every society
System by which society ranks categories
of people in a hierarchy
Inequality by Race and
Race - socially constructed category comprised
of people who share biologically transmitted
traits that members of a society consider
Ethnicity a shared cultural heritage
What Is Culture?
Culture: Totality of learned, socially
transmitted customs, knowledge, material
objects, and behavior
Includes ideas, values, customs, and artifacts of
groups of people
What is Culture?
Material culture physical or te
Socialization and the Life Course
Lifelong social experiences by which
individuals develop their human potential and
Personality a persons fairly consistent
patterns of thinking, feeling, and acting
Self a dimensio
Government and the Economy
Power and Authority
Political system: social institution
responsible for implementing
and achieving societys goals
Interacts closely with economic
Politics: who gets what,
when, and how (Lasswell)
3 basic so
Promoting Social and Political Integration
Maintaining Social Control
Serving as an Agent of Change
Education is instrument
of elite domination
Prepared by Yasmina Katsulis, Ph. D.
Associate Professor, Women and Gender
Arizona State University
Water, Food and
Lack of access to clean drinking
water, poor environmental
The primary purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between comparison
statements, sentence fluency, and cognitive judgements. Earlier research suggests that people
tend to agree with more than statements and are more likely to di