Chapter 4 The Major Classes of Chemical Reactions Potassium chloride, KCl, sodium sulfate, Na2SO4, glucose, C6H12O6, carbon dioxide, CO2 and ammonium phosphate, (NH4)3PO4, are soluble in water. Which one produces the largest number of dissolved particl
Chemistry 410 Spring 2016
Chapter 10 Homework
Due on Tuesday 05/10/16 no later than 3:55 PM
1) What type of amino acid is phenylalanine?
2) The pH of the environment in which an enzyme is located c
15.1 Solutions of Acids or Bases Containing a Common Ion
common ion effect- a shift in equilibrium position due to the addition of an ion already involved in the equilibrium reaction Example HF and NaF HF(s) ! Na+(aq) + F-(aq) HF(aq) H+ (aq) + F- (aq) " E
1.3 Units of Measurement measurements: consist of a number and a scale SI system: internationally accepted system of measurement 1 dm3 = (10cm)3 = 1 L 1 cm3 = 1 mL mass: measure of an objects resistance to a change in its state of motion F=m*a F= weight (
Chapter 3 Stoichiometry 3.1 Atomic Masses -amu based in 12C -Mass determined by the mass spectrometer -atomic mass- weighted average of all isotopes found in nature Calculation atomic mass: Atomic mass = (% abundance "Ia ")(mass "Ia ")+(%"Ia ")+(% Ib)(Mas
Chapter 5: Gases
5.1 Pressure 1 atm= 760 Torr =760 mmHg = 101.325 kPa Pressure= Force/Area= N/m2 = Pascal 5.2 The Gas Laws of Boyle, Charles, and Avagadro Boyles Law 1 PV = k (k = constant) @ constant T -theres an inverse relationship between V&P -an idea
Chapter 6: Thermochemisty
6.1 The Nature of Energy * energy (E) : the capacity to do work or produce heat. It can be classified as either potential or kinetic energy. - potential energy : energy due to position or composition. - attractive and repulsive f
Chapter 4 - Types of Chemical Reactions and Solution Chemistry
4.1 Water, the Common Solvent - the water molecule is bent with and H-O-H angles of approx. 105 - O-H bonds are covalent - O is slightly negative; H is slightly positive - polar molecules - th
CHAPTER 1 KEYS TO THE STUDY OF CHEMISTRY
Most numerical problems will have two answers, a calculator answer and a true answer. The calculator answer, as seen on a calculator, will have one or more additional significant figures. These extra digits are ret
Chapter 1 Keys to the Study of Chemistry
Created: 11:05:26 AM MST
Which of the following is a chemical change? A. B. C. D. E. boiling of water melting wax broiling a steak on a grill condensing water vapor into rainfall carving a piece of wood molecule
CHAPTER 12-Chemical Kinetics
12.1 Reaction Rates- defined as the change in concentration of a reactant or product per unit time rate = [product or reactant] T Instantaneous rate- rate at a particular point in time(slope of the tangent line of a graph wher
Chapter 10: Liquids and Solids Chapter 10: Liquids and Solids *Liquids and solids show many similarities and are strikingly different from their gaseous state. 10.1 Intermolecular Forces Intermolecular Forces-weak interactions between molecules composed o
does your steak have to do with world hur)ger,
fossii fuels, rair) forest depletion, and water supplies?
More than you might imagine. Victor Parach'm
explains the surprising connection between your plate
and the planet.
any people have turned to
CHAPTER 10: PROTEINS
Amino Acids Building Blocks of Proteins
Protein is a polymer of amino acids.
the side chain
CHAPTER 12: FOOD AS FUEL
A METABOLIC OVERVIEW
Food as Fuel
What will happen to the food a/er we take it into our body?
How do it convert into energy?
How much energy can we get from food?
An overview of Metabolism
CHAPTER 11: NUCLEIC ACIDS
Nucleic Acids are important molecules of living things.
They contains gene;c informa;on that responsible for the cell growth and reproduc;on.
Two types of Nucleic Acids
Chapter 10 Worksheet
Dr. Van Vo
1. Aspartame, which is commonly known as Nutrasweet, contains the following peptide:
A. What are the amino acids in aspartame?
B. Identify the N-terminal and C-terminal
C. Circle the peptide bond?
Chapter 2 Atoms, Molecules, and Ions Chapter 2.1 The Earth History of Chemistry Democritus- atomos Alchemy- cheap metals into gold Robert Boyle- behavior of gases combustion involved Georg Stahl- phlogiston
400 B.C. to 1600s 1600s 1700s 2.2
Chapter 11- Properties of Solutions 11.1 Solution Composition molaritymass percentmole fractionmolality# of moles L of solution mass of solute mass of solution moles of solute moles of solution moles of solute kg of solvent x100
* sample exercises 11.1 an
CHAPTER 7- Atomic Structure and Periodicity 7.1 Electromagnetic radiation- energy that exhibits wavelike behavior and travels at the speed of light in a vacuum. Wavelength- () distance between crests or troughs Frequency- (v_ number of wave cycles per sec
Chapter 8 Bonding: General Concepts
8.1 Types of Chemical Bonds Bond energies energy required to break a bond Ionic bonding bonding between two ions bonding forces that result from electrostatic attractions between adjacent oppositely charged atoms Ionic
Chapter 9 Covalent Bonding: Orbitals
9.1 Hybridization and Localized Electron Model sp Hybridization - atomic orbitals are different than their native form ex. CH4 if this werent the case, then there would be two different types of C-H bonds. Bond angles
Chapter 1 highlights
Scientific method, theory vs law Significant figures, dimensional analysis Precision, accuracy, relative range, %error accuracy relative range %error Lots of definitions: Homogeneous, heterogenious, elements, compounds, mixtures,.
CHAPTER 2 THE COMPONENTS OF MATTER
2.1 Plan: Refer to the definitions of an element and a compound. Solution: Unlike compounds, elements cannot be broken down by chemical changes into simpler materials. Compounds contain different types of atoms; there is
Chapter 8 Electron Configuration and Chemical Periodicity Created: 9:29:40 AM MST "Each electron in an atom must have its own unique set of quantum numbers" is a statement of A. B. C. D. E. the aufbau principle. the Pauli exclusion principle. Hund's ru
Electron Dot Structures & Valence Electrons
Electron Dot Structures also known as Lewis dot structures represent the valence electrons of atoms and show how they bond. Valence electrons are the outermost electrons of an atom that participate in chemical r
Chapter 9 Models of Chemical Bonding 1. Which of the following contains ionic bonding? A. B. C. D. E. 5. A. B. C. D. E. 9. CO SrF2 Al OCl2 HCl SrCl2 CsCl ClF TiF2 S8
In which of these substances are the atoms held together by polar covalent bonding?
Chapter 10 The Shapes of Molecules Which one of the following Lewis structures is definitely incorrect?
Hydrazine, N2H4, is a good reducing agent that has been used as a component in rocket fuels. Select its Lewis structure.
e. none of these 9. Sele