Chapter 25: Population and Evolutionary Genetics
a. The process by which a new species of plants and animals arise.
a. A local group of actually or potentially interbreeding individuals
belonging to the same species.
In Victoria, Edward syndrome affects about one in 1,100 pregnancies. Edward syndrome is also known as Trisomy
18, because the person has three copies of chromosome 18 instead of two.
Some of the characteristics of Edward syndrome may inclu
Stages of Cellular Respiration
A. Cellular Respiration
1. Anaerobic Phase: Glycolysis
2. Aerobic Phase: Kreb Cycle, Electron Transport Chain &
1. Net Products
1. 2 ATP
2. 2 NADH
3. 2 Pyruvate
b. Involves Enzymes
1. ATP produc
ALS and Basic Genetics
1. What does ALS stand for?
1. Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis.
b. What is ALS?
1. ALS is a progressive neurodegenerative disease that affects the
nerve cells in the brain and the spinal cord. It reaches from the
brain to the spinal c
1. Breast Cancer Screening Guidelines:
1. Yearly mammograms starting at age 40 and continuing for as
long as the woman is in good health; if you are at high risk,
mammograms will start earlier, as early as 20s
2. Clinical Breast Exams about every 3 years,
AP Biology Test Review: Molecular Genetics
1. Explain how Hershey and Chase determined that DNA is in fact the
genetic material of cells.
1. In their experiments, Hershey and Chase showed that when
bacteriophages, which are composed of DNA and protein, in
Carine and Leora
1. Meiosis I
1. Prophase I:
1. Chromosomes begin to condense, and homologs loosely
pair along their lengths, aligned gene by gene.
2. Crossing over is completed while homologs are in
synapsis, held tightly together by pro
Biome: the worlds major communities classified according to
predominant vegetation and characterized by adaptations of
organisms to that particular environment.
5 major types:
Human Genetics Test Review Questions: Development and
1. Define the following terms: fertilization, zygote, morula, endometrium,
implantation, amniotic sac, blastocyst, trophoblastic, placenta, embryo,
amnion, neural tube, organogenesis, and
AP Biology Test Review Questions: General Chemistry and Biological Molecules
1. Describe the difference between elements and compounds.
a. If you change the number of neutrons an atom has, you make an isotope of
that element. All known elements are arrang