Industrialization and Growth of Big Business
Industrialization is characterized as the change from farming and agriculture to
manufacturing and industry
More people move to cities - urbanization.
Work goes from being mostly human- or animal-powered to
Problems of Workers
Although real wages rose, the reality was that the average worker wage was
not enough to support a family.
Layoffs were frequent (lower annual income)
Women and children had to work as a supplement to this deprivation
A. Native americans are descended from asians who probably began
migrating to north america approx. 15,000 to 30,000 years ago.
A. Radiocarbon Dating- the method of using the amount of radioactivity left
in a special
National Self interest is somewhat self explanatory. It is when a nation acts upon something
when it is in their interest (ex. Making sure a company stays alive to benefit the stock market)
Idealism is when a nation acts upon something because it is the r
Role of Universities
There was a new interest in learning. Universities were set up and literature was being
written. Scholasticism was developed through this interest. Europeans were able to study
from Muslim works and influence their subjects.
In England, there was the Parliament.
It had an important role in government, advising the king and submitting petitions.
It represented peoples of all classes, not just the nobility.
In this way, more people had representation, and when people
John Dickinson was born in Maryland and grew up in Delaware, but his influence
on the American people and government started with his election into the Pennsylvania
Assembly in 1764.
After being elected into the assembly as well as becomin
Introduction to Islam
Sheikh chief leading tribes appointed by heads of families; advised by council
Hanifs denounced worship of idols; believed in one god
Revelation vision; Muhammad received in A.D. 610 1st to recite 2nd to rise and warn
Hundred Years War
England lost the Hundred Years War to France even though she held an early
advantage. I think that there was a combination of things that led to this defeat.
First of all, England was doing fine until Henry V of England died, leaving a v
I think that England out of the medieval countries of Europe had the more stable of
monarchies as compared to France, because of the organization of the royal court.
It prevented any one party from gaining too much power and made running
The Lancaster dynasty had become weak and was thus able to be overthrown in
the first place. However, Richard III, of the House of York, had his own nephews
murdered, one of them the heir to the king. So, I think there wasnt a better side; it ju
Of the four results of the Crusades that we discussed in class, I think an increase in trade
had the biggest effect on Europe. It ended Europes isolation from the rest of the world,
encouraging many changes.
First of all, an increase in trade bro
-governor of Syria
-conquests in Egypt/Iraq
-1st caliph of Umayyad dynasty
-refused to accept Umayyad rule and massacred
-he is the one who in fact established Abbasid dynasty
Achievements of Islam
Christians and Jews actually contributed to the achievements of Islam.
For example, the House of Wisdom was staffed with people of all three monotheistic
Thus, ideas were shared and passed among many intelligent persons, l
GW enters winter quarters in Dec. 1777
Suffer terrible winter
Baron Van Steuben (Prussian) comes to encampment & begins drilling army
Army comes out of winter as a more disciplined & experienced army
Marquis de Lafayette becomes general (at a
Born on February 21, 1794, General Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna was a soldier,
general, and president of Mexico.
He very involved in the Texan Revolution in the 1830s and the MexicanAmerican war in the 1840s, two things that made him a villain i
Roger B. Taney was an extremely important character in U.S. history, because the
decisions he made as a high-ranking government official affected the country for large
As the Secretary of Treasury under Andrew Jackson, already he
Political corruption in the United States in commonly represented by the use of
Political corruption prevades newspapers wherever it can be exhumed.
In history, the most scandalous figure of corruption would have to be the
Although King George III is the man who could be argued to have impacted the
country in a positive way by pushing it towards independence, at the time, he was the
most hated man in all of the colonies who spurred a revolution against Britain.
John Wilkes Booth
John Wilkes Booth, a Southern actor, did the country no favors when he
assassinated President Abraham Lincoln in the ensuing days of the Civil war (John
In his diabolical mind, the Civil war was not over, and by creating c
John C Calhoun
John C. Calhoun is best known for his ferocious support of southern rights.
Born on March 18, 1782 in South Carolina, he grew up to follow his father,
Patrick Calhoun, in politics.
Calhoun held numerous positions during his political career
Benedict Arnold was almost a great hero, but turned out a terrible villain.
He accrued numerous battle scars from his services as general for the Continental
Army during the War for Independence and even ended up with one leg shorter than
Battle of Yorktown
British Gen. Cornwallis corners himself at Yorktown, VA
French Admiral deGrasse sends his ships to Yorktown
French Gen. Rochambeau, GW, & Lafayette lead Cont. and French army to march south
to Yorktown (trap Cornwallis)
Oct. 19, 1781 Co
Clocking in at number five is Aaron Burr, a mysterious former DemocraticRepublican Vice President.
He is notorious for killing leading Federalist Alexander Hamilton in the most
famous duel in American history, in Weehawken, New Jersey (McGrath)