December 9, 2008
In this lab, we examined the process of transformation which is defined as the
uptake and expression of free DNA by cells. Although some bacteria undergo
transformation naturally, most do
March 17, 2009
In this lab, we separated the plant pigments using chromatography, as well as
measured the rate of photosynthesis in isolated chloroplasts. The transfer of electrons
during the light depende
Chapter 14: Mendel and the Gene Idea
1) Mendel used the scientific approach to identify two laws of inheritance
a) Mendel discovered the basic principles of heredity by breeding garden peas in carefully
b) Mendels experimental, quanti
Chapter 4 Study Guide
Carbon and the molecular diversity of life:
1. Carbon: the backbone of biological molecules.
a. All living organisms are made up of chemicals based mostly on the element
i. Carbon enters the biosphere through the action of pl
AP Biology 4704-1
20 November 2008
Alternative to Lab 7: DrosophiLab
The purpose of this lab was to study the basic principles of genetics through
experimenting with different kinds of drosophila melanogaster.
GENERAL OUTLINE FOR THE AP BIOLOGY MID-TERM
Your midterm will cover from Chapters 1 through 20. It will NOT include material from the
ecology section of the book. Labs are testable material please review them!
While not exclusive, you may wish to focus on
October 6, 2008
In this lab, we will be exploring diffusion and osmosis. Diffusion is the random
movement of molecules from an area of higher concentration to an area of lower
concentration of certain mole
November 20, 2008
In the experiment, we were able to study important introductory principles of
genetics by developing hypotheses and designing and conducting mating between fruit
flies with different mut
February 3, 2009
A Fin is a Limb is a Wing
1. Scientists keep rediscovering two key rules. One is that a complex structure can evolve
through a series of simpler intermediates. Another is that nature is thrifty, modifying old
February 1, 2009
Chapter 21 Questions
1. Name 2 important models that were used to study developmental biology and give one
fact about what was learned from each model.
1. Caenorhabditis elegans (nematode):
-Using a mi
Chapter 15: The Chromosomal Basis of Inheritance
1) Mendelian inheritance has its physical basis in the behavior of chromosomes
a) Chromosomes and genes are both present in pairs in diploid cells; homologous
chromosomes separate and alleles segregate duri
Chapter 7: Membrane Structure and Function
1) Life at the Edge
a) The plasma membrane is the edge of life, the boundary that separates the living
cell from its nonliving surroundings.
b) Like all biological membranes, the plasma membrane exhibits selectiv
Chapter 3 Study Guide
1. The molecule that supports all of life
a. Water is the substance that makes life as we know it possible.
b. Molecules of water participate in many chemical reactions necessary to sustain
c. Most cells are surrounded by water
October 28, 2008
Annotated Course Outline (9)
Fermentation and Cellular Respiration
1. How are organic molecules broken down by catabolic pathways?
Organic compounds store energy in their arrangement of atoms. Enzymes
November 23, 2008
Annotated Course Outline 14-15
1. How did Mendels work lay the foundation of modern genetics?
Through his life, Mendel experimented with pea plants. Through his observations,
he realized th
October 27, 2008
Annotated Course Outline Questions (8)
1. How do enzymes regulate the rate of reactions?
For a chemical reaction to occur, a certain amount of activation energy is
required. Enzymes lower that activat
Animal Body Systems:
A Quick Overview!
Muscles and Animal movement involve an array of adaptations to respond to signals
from the nervous system. Nearly all animal groups including Phyla Cnidaria and
Platyhelminthes contain some muscle cells.
Cilia and F
March 1, 2009
Addendum to the Eye Lab
1. Describe the process of vision in the following invertebrates:
a. Planaria: Planarians have light detecting organs called the ocellus. It provides
information about light intens