What kind of pation is Glycolysis, Transition Reaction and Krebs
What kind of pation is ETC chemiosmosis?
What is subtrate level pation?
ADP creatine-P ATP + creatine
How do you make more?
Where does almost everything get their energy from?
Where do the organisms that dont get their energy from the sun live?
Deep in the ocean without sunlight or in a dark cave
What are herbivores?
Living with others species interactions:
o One species benefits, the other is harmed or killed
o One species benefits, the other is unaffected
o Both species benefit
o One species benefits, the ot
No Oxygen present
What happens when there is no oxygen present?
CR STOPS and produces either lactic acid or alcohol (fermentation)
What happens when there is oxy
First observed in 1920s in hens
o Pecking order
All members of group ranked against each other in small,
stable groups, all members know each other
Top = alpha
Bottom = omega (dominant to no others)
Seen in most s
Examples of chemicals:
Predator assassin bug
What are generalists?
Eat variety of food, mainly in temperate zones, food supply fluctuates
What are specialists?
Eat very few foods, m
Electron Transport Chain
Which specific enzymes catalyze these steps?
CIKSSFMO Can I Kindly Share Sex For Money, Officer?
C = citrate, I = isocitrate, K = ketoglutarate, S = succinyl, S =
F = fumarate, M = malate, O = oxaloacetate
What happens n
Animal Behavior Study Guide Ch. 3
What is coevolution?
Arms race between prey and predator
Ex: if rabbits are faster, then foxes become faster, go extinct of eat another good
What are the two main
Anabolic vs Catabolic Reactions
What different kinds of metabolism are there?
Anabolic and catabolic
What is the chain of reactions?
Reactants products becomes reactant product #2
Are living organisms in t
A) Survival Skills
Need to adapt to changes (short and long-term) to survive and not go
For long-term adaptations:
Need diversity in population
Changes can be anatomical or behavioral
Some individuals better than other at survival
Regular movement of animals from one location to another
Daily or seasonal
o Daily 302 plankton: up in dark, down in day
o Seasonal birds: north in summer, south in winter
Vertical or horizontal
o Vertical deer: up mountains i
C. Adapting to a changing world
Earth changes all the time
Some changes cyclic/regular: day, seasons easy
Some irregular: drought, floods, disease, bad weather
Need to be able to adapt or will die
Tolerated by some species
Shrews mental maps
Catagylphis travel 40 miles
Spiny lobsters travel 30 miles in line
Sea turtles direction of waves, sun, magnetic field
Arctic turn 24 hours of daylight = food, 12,000 miles south
when gets darker
Migration of one sp
II. Foraging and Storing:
o Eat a variety of foods
o Mainly in temperate zones
o Food supply fluctuates
o Eat very few foods
o Mainly in tropic zones
o Food supply is constant
o Panda and bamboo, lemur
o Light firefly, deep-sea fish
o Touch bees
o Dogs, cats, primates
o Hamsters, bats, moths
o Bats, dolphins
o Has an indirect me
Making a Home:
o Protection for raising young
o Environment and predators
o Food supply in area can run out
o Predator knows where you live
o Involves time and energy
Time: varies from one night house to permanent house
Co-evolution arms race between prey and predator
o If rabbits are faster, then foxes become faster, go
extinct or eat another food source
2 main strategies:
o 1. Pursuit chase prey
o 2. Ambush hide and wait for pr
Bird songs specfic for each species
Different types of communication:
Messages from bird to man
Enemies Giselle and hyena
Lies bird lies about wings being broken
Skylark claiming territory beneath and for predator
Vibration between wings la
Attack and defense:
Food, territory, mates, protect self/mate/young
Get hurt, die, lose benefits, waste time/energy,
need to grow weapons
Try to minimize fighting:
o 1. Threat display
Show size and strength
o 2. Light contact