What is Woody Allens theory of happiness?
Type: Multiple Choice
Points Awarded: 0.5/0.5
Happiness is connected with romantic love
Happiness stems from evil action
Happiness is connected to personal joy
Happiness is not p
The Task of Metaphysics
Just as epistemology can be understood as the branch of
philosophy dedicated to the nature of knowledge, metaphysics can
be understood as the branch of philosophy dedicated to the nature
of reality itself.
Metaphysical questions in
G.E. Moore, Certainty
Moore is concerned with the following
If it is not certain that I am not dreaming,
then it is not certain that I am standing up.
I am not certain that I am not dreaming.
I am not certain that I am standing up.
Nagel, The Absurd
Here are some bad arguments for absurdity:
-Nothing will matter in a million yearsso what? If what you do doesnt matter now,
then what difference would it make if it were to matter in a million years?
-we dont live forever/were tiny spec
Note: Portions of these notes have been taken from the wikipedia entries on their respective topics
This is characterized by a strong verificationism, which generally considers unverifiable
statements about interior mental life senseless. For
Long, Religious Pragmatism through the eyes of Luke Skywalker
Truth-conducive reasons: Reasons demonstrating the truth
of a belief
Pragmatic reasons: Practical benefits for holding belief
What makes a
Thomas Reid & Common
What assumptions underlie Descartes and Humes
How else can we explain our knowledge of the
Reid and Common Sense
Reid is responding the kinds of deep
skepticism about the exte
Two Types of Knowledge?
In ordinary language, we use the word know in at least two
different kinds of ways:
Joe knows that the capital of California is Sacramento.
Sara knows how to do the electric slide.
English philosopher Gilbert Ryle 1900-19
Sartre, The Wall and Existentialism and Human Emotions
Sartre comes later in the existentialist tradition, and was a contemporary of Camus. The
two are said to have run in the same circles until Sartre joined the Communist Party in
The Wall can be
Why should we care about identity?
-Its hard to explain why our future selves matter to us without identity (but
we do care)
-Without identity, its hard to say how or whether Im responsible for things
I have done in the past
Locke: Personal ident
HULK & BRUCE BANNER
Criteria for personal identity across time:
Candidate 1: Bodily identity
Banner not the Hulk
-Radically different bodies (Hulks body has props not shared by
Banners, i.e. number of atoms)
But bodily identity isnt personal identity
Gettier on the JTB theory
The JTB theory is an attempt to give an analysis of the
concept of knowledge. It tries to break the concept down by
giving necessary and sufficient conditions for knowledge.
A person Q knows that P if and only if:
Taylor, The Meaning of Life
Sis punishment is the worst imaginablefutile and hopeless labor.
-is that the worst thing we can think of?
his passion for life won him that unspeakable penalty in which the whole being is
exerted toward a
Chalmers: The Puzzle of Conscious Experience
There are two kinds of problems associated with consciousness:
Easy problems (how do input/output functions in the brain work? How does
language work? How does the brain integrate and order its experiences?)
Notes on Clifford:
Ship builder convinces himself the ship is safe, everyone dies.
Hes blameworthy. Just because everyone died? Nohed be
blameworthy even if everyone lived. He failed in an obligation to
found his belief in the soundness of the sh
Russell's Analysis of Definite Descriptions
Motivation for the analysis
Formal and informal statements of the analysis
Examples and Implications
Motivation: Basic Terms
Phrases of the form an F
A plant needs
How do you know that you know something?
Must you be certain?
How might we define what it means to be certain?
-Often described as the father of modern philo
Dualism: Whats at stake?
Dualists posit that reality is comprised of two fundamental,
irreducible types of stuff: Material and non-material
Includes all the familiar elements of the physical world
-Tables, chairs, electrons, bodies
Empiricists hold that all knowledge comes through the
senses, not through reason.
All knowledge is a posteriori.
Empiricists deny that we are born with innate ideas.
Rather, we are born with minds that are a blank slate
(Latin: tabula rasa).
Handout: Philosophical Arguments, pt. 1 Arguments have two components, called premises and conclusions. The premises of the argument support the conclusion. The following example illustrates how arguments occur in everyday conversations. I dont think Ill