Human Biology - Study Guide #2
The Respiratory System:
Describe the structure of the respiratory system.
The respiratory systems starts at the nasal passage and includes the oral cavity, pharynx, larynx, trachea,
bronchi, lungs and ribs.
What are the fun
Human Biology - Study Questions #3
What are the functions of the endocrine system?
To communicate through chemical messengers (hormones) in order to control
import functions: growth development, metabolism, tissue function.
What is a ho
Human Biology - Study Guide #1
These study questions are designed to help you learn human biology. They are similar to questions
that will appear on exams - though the questions may be asked in different ways on exams. You
should be able to answer the fol
DeAnza College 2015
Biology 40C: Human
Table of Contents
Metabolism and Nutrition
Fluid and Electrolytes
Gross Anatomy and Basic Function of the Endocrine Glands
of the Endocrine Glands
Both the endocrine and nervous systems are major regulating systems of the body; however, the nervous system has been
The Reproductive System
A. Sexual reproduction is a process in which organisms produce offspring by means of germ
cells called gametes.
B. The organs of reproduction are grouped as gonads (produce gametes and secrete hormones),
The Digestive System
Food contains substances and energy the body needs to construct all cell components.
The food must be broken down through digestion to molecular size before it can be
absorbed by the digestive system and
A) Developmental anatomy is the study of the sequence of events from the fertilization of a
secondary oocyte to the formation of an adult organism.
1) The first two months following fertilization is the period of emb
The Urinary System
A. The urinary system consists of two kidneys, two ureters, one urinary bladder, and one urethra.
B. Urine is excreted from each kidney through its ureter and is stored in the urinary bladder until
it is expel
The Lymphatic System
and Immune Response
The Lymphatic System
1. Match the terms below with the correct letters on the diagram.
1. axillary lymph nodes
2. bone marrow
3. cervical lymph nodes
r 4. cisterna chyli
5. inguinal lymph nod
Fluid, Electrolyte, and pH
A) Body fluid refers to body water and its dissolved substances.
B) Regulatory mechanisms insure homeostasis of body fluids since their malfunction may seriously
endanger nervous system and organ funct
EFFECTS OF HORMONES
Introduction to endocrine hormones: Regulation,
secretion and concentration
You must be connected to the internet to run this animation
CONTROL OF HORMONES
Metabolism and Nutrition
The food we eat is our only source of energy for performing biological work.
There are three major metabolic destinations for the principle nutrients. They will be
used for energy for active proces
or heterozygous. There are many characters in humans that
are sex-linked, determined by genes carried on the X
Sex Linked traits have genes that are located on one of the sex
Most sex linked traits are x-linked: The genes are in x
1.What are the three assumptions of science? How does that limit what
questions science can answer? What are some examples of questions
that are outside of what science can address? The world is real, there are
observable and predictable causes for the th
Ch 8 Energetics and Metabolism
Energy - What is energy?
Energy is the capacity to do work. There are several different forms of energy.
Understand that energy exists in different forms e.g.: potential, kinetic, heat,
Potential Energy: En
Goal: To determine differences between lysates of different fish species
We extracted proteins by lysing cells through blending the tissue (mechanical lysis)
The basis for differentiation was molecular size of
What makes an animal an animal?
heterotrophs that move
No cell wall and are
Eat food internally
Usually carry on sexual
Pre-Darwin hypotheses a flurry of theories!
By the 1800s, many scholars realized that life on Earth
had changed over time, and began to think about what
One of the 1 to
could have caused the changes
use the term
Chemistry of life:
macromolecules & cells
Why study chemistry?
Painted lady butterfly
Your Body is
Atoms Molecules Cells
Human body is made
up of 100 trillion cells
Take any biological system apart, and you
eventually end up at the chem
Nutrition and Metabolism
Nutrition: Why we eat
2. Energy (calories)
3. Building blocks
4. Essential nutrients
Water is critical for body
What else is in food?
The body is about 2/3
DNA stores genetic information
Transcription uses a DNA
template to create RNA
Whats a gene?
A piece of DNA that
information for the
synthesis of a
Translation builds the protein
Genes carry the instructions
for making proteins
What are Stem Cells?
Stem cell therapy
Medicine of the future?
Types of stem cells
Can become all tissues of the body
Adult or tissue-specific stem cells
Tissue specific or adult stem
Embryonic stem cells
Created in a laborat
Unit 4 Ecology
What is ecology?
The study of how organisms adapt to
The physical environment
The scope of ecology
Whats a population? A
A combination of the org
What do we know about cells?
What are Cells?
The lowest level of
structure that can
perform all activities
required for life.
Cells are small
All living organisms are made of cells
Living organisms are either:
You need a microscope to see them
Welcome to Bio 10
Due today: Assignment 1
Where does the energy in
food come from?
Life depends on Photosynthesis
solar-powered chemical factories
Plants use sunlight
to make food
Is it possible to make
Lab #5 Agenda
Enjoy the lab!
Look at the following slides!
Put your lab books down!
All of these are in Kingdom Animalia
How organisms grow
Cell division in bacteria
1 DNA molecule
Cell division in eukaryotic cells
is more complicated
They have many
housed in nucleus
A copy is ma
Biology the study of life
WHAT IS LIFE?
Theres no simple, one-sentence definition.
Life is incredibly diverse
1. Life is organized
Oxygen, Nitrogen, etc.
2. Life requires energy
Biology 10: Introduction to Biology Spring 2014
Instructor: Jason Bram
Lecture: TuTh 9:30-11:15 am in S34 Lab: Tu or Th 11:30-2:15 in S51
Instructors Contact Information:
Office hours: M/W 10:30 11:30 in S52; T/Th 2:30-3:30 pm in S51a and always by appoin