10 Steps to Earning Awesome Grades (While Studying Less)
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Musician Portrait Gallery,
Vivaldi was born in March of 1678 in
Venice. Vivaldi had eight brothers and
sisters. His father, a former barber, taught
Vivaldi to play the violin at an early age
resulting in Viva
Unit Thirteen: Classical Music
The Classical period, loosely starting in 1750
(the year of Bachs death) and lasting until 1820, was heavily influenced by Ancient Greek forms
and philosophies. This particular neoclassic periodthere have been other
Unit Sixteen: Romantic Operas
Opera and Romanticism were made for each other.
The emotionalism, storylines of taboo and fanciful subjects, and the intrigue that had all become
part of the Romantic movement in the arts and literature worked very w
Unit Six: Instrumental Timbre
When musicians discuss timbre, they are talking about a quality of
An oboe playing a certain frequency of pitchlets say A = 440 Hzwill sound a bit different
than a trombone playing the same frequency. Why is t
Unit Nineteen: Impressionism
Impressionism was a French Nationalist reaction to the overwrought
emotionalism of the Germans.
Finding a national voice was of great importance to the French as the German style of
composition had reigned large for m
Unit Seven: Vocal Timbre
The quality of the human voice
can be affected by many external (smoking, air pollution, foods, coffee, etc.) and internal (health,
length of vocal cords, shape of face and sinus, age, etc.) factors. Good tone is a balanc
Unit Nine: Large Vocal Ensembles
Large vocal groups are generally called choirs or choruses.
With roots in ancient music, the choir became a dominant force in the Western tradition of music.
There are many different groupings of voices that act a
Unit Seventeen: Late Romantic Era
By the last half of the 19th century, composers were financially secure.
Publishing, concertizing, and marketing were all work for other people, not the scrambling
composer. Major cities in Europe and the United
Unit Eight: The Performers: Soloists, Ensembles, and Interpretation
I think performers are all show-offs anyway,
Unless you show off,
you're not going to get noticed.
- Elton John
Music occurs in the moment.
Of course, we ma
Unit Eleven: Medieval and Renaissance Music
The Middle Ages (medieval period) stretches for 1,000 years
in European history from the Fall of the Western Roman Empire and to the rise of humanist
philosophies that usher in the Renaissance. The Fall
Unit Twelve: Baroque Music
The Baroque period of music in Europe was approximately from 1600
It was a time of experimentation in music that saw the creation of tonality (writing a piece of
music in a particular key), performers who had grea
Unit Fifteen: Early Romantic Music
The Romantic period (18201900)
marked a time of experimentation in music. Composers, no longer beholden to patrons from the
church or aristocracy, threw themselves into their work. An eager public wanted new and
Unit Ten: Large Instrumental Ensembles
The large instrumental ensembles in the Western tradition are our bands
Both of these ensembles developed into bigger and bigger groups as composers called for more
range of color and power a
Unit Fourteen: Beethoven: Classicism to Romanticism
Ludwig van Beethoven (17701827) was the transitional composer from
the Classical to Romantic periods.
His music spans both erasand some say beyond because of the intricacy of his late string
Unit Eighteen: Nationalism
In the late 19th century, ideas of democracy and self-governance became
the foundation of Western thought.
Monarchies were overthrown and the Church lost its power as an absolute authority. The onset of
Unit Two: Music Perception
I drove a metallic blue 1967 Ford Mustang
when I went away to college in the 1980s. Summers were filled with working on a car restoration
that lasted most of my high school days. The coolest place in the Oklahoma heat e
Unit Three: Rhythm and its Components
We are rhythmic creatures.
Our heartbeats are fundamental to our being. We eat and sleep and work at similar times and
patterns. We walk in a rhythmic pace to class. We dance. We experience the rhythm of the
Unit Five: Form and Structure
We tend to like things that we can understand.
As children, we experimented with different activities to see if we enjoyed them. Maybe you
played baseball or softball. I played baseball. Im pretty sure I was the wors
Unit One: The Composer, Performer, and Listener
The creation of music takes many forms.
Musicians originated music through improvisation and aural tradition from the earliest of time.
In the aural tradition, musical ideas are communicated from th
Unit Four: Pitch and Its Components
We perceive pitch as an interpretation of a frequency of vibration.
Humans can hear within a band of sound from around 20 to 20,000 Hz. For perspective, you
might look at a piano keyboard with 88 keys. The high